George Washington Papers

Invoice, 23 October 1754


[23] October 1754

Invoice of Goods Shipd by Anthony Bacon1 on board the Ruby Captn Edward Ogle2 pr Maryland, on Acct and risque, and by order of Jno. Carlyle Esqr.

[£] [s] [d]  s. d.
Bought of3 1 Gold Shoulder Knott 2. 8.  
Lucy Hatton. 6 Yards gold Regim Lace 10/6 3. 3. 0
Ditto of John Towers4 24 rich gold Embroidd Loops 3/3 3.18    
4½ yds plated gold Vellum5 16d   6   
2 doz. 4 gold wyre Cô 6/  14   
2 dozn brs      Do. 3/   6   
¼ Oz. gold Thread 10/   2. 6
4 large Shammy Skins 20d   6. 8
2 yds Buckram 1/ 2   
1 yd fine glaz’d Irish6 14d 1. 2
1 yd Pocket fustian7 12d 1   
1 pr Stay take 4d   4   
1 oz. light col[ore]d Silk 2/6 2. 6
1 Rich Crimson Ingr[ained] silk Sash8 3  5   
9  5  2
Bought of Jacob Hewett10 10 yds best brod blue Allipeen9 2/ 1      
2½ yds Do. Man’s Crimson Velvet11 26/ 2 18  6
3 18  6
Bought of Saml Towers12 4 dozn fash. gilt Coat Buttn 1/2 4 8
4½ dozn ditto Breast 7d 2 7
7  3
Bought of Mauduits & Co.13 3½ yds superf[in]e d[ou]ble dy’d Scarl. Cloth 3 13  6
2 yds Ditto blue 18/ 1 16   
5  9  6
Bought of 1 Hat 16s. gold Lace 20/ 1 16   
Loxham14 Box 10
1 16 10
Box 2/6 Entry, Cocket, & Searcher’s Fees 3/6 6   
Porterage, Wharfage, & Lighterage 1/ Freight 16/ 17   
Primage 1/ Bills Lading 1/ Commissions 17/ 19   
28.10. 3

London 23d Octr 1754. E[rrors] E[xcepted]

Antho. Bacon

LB, DLC:GW. GW entered this invoice in a later letter book. The date of the invoice is earlier than any other such document from a British merchant in GW’s papers. No further evidence that GW ordered or received these goods has been found, but GW’s letter to Anthony Bacon on 6 Dec. 1755 reveals that he had conducted business with Bacon in London before that time.

1Anthony Bacon (c.1717–1786) moved from storekeeper in Maryland in the 1730s to master of a tobacco ship in the 1740s, and by 1748 he was established as a merchant in London with an active trade in the Chesapeake area. In the 1750s he had a partnership with Benjamin Grymes of Spotsylvania County, and in 1763, in one of his many diverse economic ventures, Bacon, through his agent Fielding Lewis, joined GW as one of the founders of the Dismal Swamp Company. He entered Parliament in 1764 and kept his seat throughout the American Revolution, during which he was a government contractor.

2In 1752 Edward Ogle was master of the Thomas and Richard, which sailed between Virginia and London.

3In 1753 Thomas Hatton, lacemaker, was located on Lombard Street in London. In 1755 the widow Hatton was listed as owning a business on Lombard Street in London.

4John Towers, haberdasher, was situated outside Aldergate in greater London.

5Gold “Vellum” was an awning or curtain material overlaid with a thin film of gold.

6This was probably an Irish linen with a smooth, shiny surface.

7Fustian was a strong cloth of cotton and linen, usually with a pile face.

8Ingrained material was dyed before being cut for sewing, and hence the term was commonly used to describe a thoroughly or well-dyed fabric.

9Allipeen (many spellings) was a mixed stuffing of wool and silk or mohair and cotton.

10Jacob Hewett was still supplying velvet articles to Virginians in 1759.

11Here GW refers to a particular velvet made in and around Manchester, Eng.

12In 1753 a Samuel Towers was doing business as a hardwareman in Cornhill, London.

13For a number of years Israel Mauduit (1708–1787), his brother Jasper Mauduit, and Jasper’s son-in-law James Wright maintained Mauduit, Wright, & Company, woolen drapers, on Lime Street in London.

14This was probably William Loxham, hatter and sword cutler, in Cornhill.

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