George Washington Papers

[Diary entry: 1 July 1791]

Friday July 1st. Received an Address from the Inhabitants of Frederick town and about 7 Oclock left it. Dined at one Cookerlys 13 Miles off & lodged at Tawny town only 12 Miles farther—being detained at the first stage by rain and to answer the address wch. had been presented to me1 in the Morning. Tawny town is but a small place with only the Street through wch. the road passes, built on. The buildings are principally of wood. Between Cookerly’s & this place we crossed the little & great Pipe Cks.—branches of Monocasy.2 The latter (about half way betwn. them)3 is a considerable stream and from its appearance capable of Navigation. The lands over wch. we travelled this day are remarkably fine—but, as was observed yesterday the fields were4 thinly covered with grain—owing, as I conceive, to the cause already mentioned. The farm houses are good mostly of Stone5 and the settlers compact with good Barns & meadows appertaining to them.

The address of the Frederick inhabitants and a copy of GW’s answer are in DLC:GW. Cookerly’s tavern, located at the site of present-day New Midway, Md., may have been operated by Jacob or John Cookerly of Frederick County, Md. (HOWARD & SHRIVER description begins J. Spence Howard and J. Alexis Shriver. “Routes Traveled by George Washington in Maryland.” [Baltimore], c.1932. Map. description ends , map; HEADS OF FAMILIES, MD. description begins Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1790: Maryland. 1907. Reprint. Baltimore, 1965. description ends , 59, 61). Taneytown, Md., was founded about 1740.

1“to me” added above line.

2“branches of Monocasy” inserted above line.

3“betwn. them” and parentheses inserted above line.

4“the fields were” added above line.

5“mostly of Stone” inserted above line.

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