James Madison Papers

To James Madison from John Graham, 29 September 1813

From John Graham

Dept of State 29th Sepr 1813.

Dear Sir

As the inclosed Letters from Mr Adams1 and Mr Beasley2 are some what interesting I do myself the Honor to put them under cover to you thinking that it will not be inconvenient to you to forward them to the Secretary of State who is, as I learn by a late Letter from him, yet at his Seat in Virginia.

I also forward to you by this Mail a number of English news Papers which were received yesterday from Mr Beasley.

Our City was perhaps never more healthy at this Season. With Sentiments of the most Respectful attachment I am Dear Sir Your Most Obt Sert

John Graham

RC (DLC). Docketed by JM. For enclosures, see nn. 1 and 2.

1Graham may have enclosed John Quincy Adams’s dispatch of 14 July 1813 (DNA: RG 59, DD, Russia), which was probably enclosed in Reuben G. Beasley’s letter to James Monroe of 9 Aug. 1813 (DNA: RG 59, CD, London). Adams wrote that he had received a letter from Albert Gallatin and James A. Bayard informing him of his and their joint appointments as peace commissioners under the Russian offer of mediation; he also relayed reports that Great Britain had been “surprized and mortified” by the offer and would not accept it. He analyzed the European war and armistice, concluding that despite Russian and Prussian claims of victory at the recent battles of Lützen and Bautzen, it was unlikely that the allies would get the cooperation they needed from Sweden and Austria in order to significantly diminish Napoleon’s power in Europe. The dispatch was docketed by Monroe: “material as it respects the disposition of other powers.”

2The enclosure was probably Beasley’s letter to Monroe of 6 Aug. 1813 (DNA: RG 59, CD, London), which Graham docketed as received on 28 Sept. 1813. Beasley reported the current London rumor that the U.S. peace commissioners would “not be allowed to return without an effort being made to settle the differences between the two Countries; but not under the mediation of Russia.” The British government, he wrote, despite indications that it might participate in the Congress of Prague, wished to “prolong the war on the Continent.” Beasley predicted, however, “that peace will take place without England being included in it,” as the British could not “bear the idea … of having what they call their undoubted maritime rights discussed in a Congress.”

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