James Madison Papers

To James Madison from Frederick H. Wollaston, 10 June 1801

From Frederick H. Wollaston, 10 June 1801

Genoa 10 June 1801.


I had the honor to address you on the 9th. febry. last inclosing a Copy of Mr. Cathcart’s Circular letter from Tripoli, a duplicate of which I desired Mr. Barnet at Bordeaux to forward to the Dept. of State.

I also informed you of the Continuation of the most amicable disposition on the part of this Government to the United States & the general & very particular respect shewn to American Citizens here on every occasion.

I have now to forward to you a Copy of a Circular letter addressed by Mr. Appleton at Leghorn to all American masters of Vessels at the request of Mr. Cathcart on his arrival at Leghorn from Tripoli which he left on the 24th. May at which time no Cruisers had put to sea & consequently it is with the greatest Satisfaction that I inform you that no American Vessels had ⟨at⟩ that date been taken; I am informed, on the other hand, by the arrival of the Maryland at Havre th⟨at⟩ the President frigate Commode. Truxton was order’d for t⟨he⟩ Streights on the 22nd. March as the Maryland came down. I have therefore hopes that She will ’ere this be in these Seas & may fall in with some of these Barba⟨ry⟩ Rovers. It is my humble opinion that a very sma⟨ll⟩ Squadron well commanded would suffise not only to scour these Seas of those pirates but even to oblige them to S⟨ue⟩ for a peace, however novel the Circumstance may appe⟨ar⟩ which would be of most essential consequence to the trade of the U S: by keeping the other Barbarian Potentates in awe.

I repeat that the American Trade in this port may become very considerable & I leave no Stone unturned to encrease it. I regret much for that reason that a letter which I addressed to the Department of State on the Commencement of my residence here was not received; I therein mentioned to your predecessor my desire of becoming a naturalized C⟨itizen⟩ ⟨of⟩ the United States & requested his opinion w⟨hether my bein⟩g employed in the service of Government wou⟨ld⟩ not entitle me to naturalisation equally the same as if I were resident in the United States. Your opinion on this Subject would be essentially useful to me. I have the honor to subscribe myself with sincere Esteem & regard Sir Your everobedient humble Servant

Fr. H. Wollaston

We have no American Vessels here at present.

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