James Madison Papers

To James Madison from John Street (Abstract), 28 May 1805

§ From John Street

28 May 1805, Fayal. “I take the liberty of inclosing the Copy of a Protest which States the misfortune happened to Isaac Bridges master of the Brig Hannah of Newbery-port and Phillipp[e] Leroux master of the Privateer Providence of London.1 Captain Bridges died of his wounds on the 18th. of April, and buryed the next day in the most decent manner.”

RC and enclosure (DNA: RG 59, CD, Fayal, vol. 1). RC 1 p. For enclosure, see n. 1.

1Street enclosed a copy of the 2 Apr. 1805 protest of Capt. Isaac Bridges that was also signed by mate Joseph Cazenave and four seamen (3 pp.; docketed by Wagner as received in Street’s 28 May dispatch; printed in the 29 July 1805 National Intelligencer), stating that the Hannah had left Newburyport on 13 Mar. 1805 for the Azores carrying a cargo of American produce and other allowed articles. On 30 Mar. the Hannah encountered the cutter Providence of London, and Le Roux demanded that Bridges come aboard in his boat. When Bridges refused because the Hannah’s boat was small, the sea was turbulent, and Bridges could not swim, Le Roux threatened to fire on the Hannah, to which Bridges replied “fire and be demned,” since he knew his rights under the law and the treaties between Great Britain and the United States. Le Roux fired on the Hannah three times, the last time injuring Bridges so severely in the thigh and groin that his life was endangered. Bridges protested against Le Roux for the injuries to himself and for any damages the Hannah might sustain in the disposal of the cargo.

Index Entries