James Madison Papers

To James Madison from Josef Yznardy (Abstract), 25 March 1805

§ From Josef Yznardy

25 March 1805, Cádiz. “The inclosed is Copy of what I had the honour of addressing you on the 31st. ultimo1 to which beg your Kind reference.

“The object of the present is to forward you Copy’s of—

“1st.   Vice Admiral Ordes Letter—

“2d.   My Letter to Said Vice Admiral

“3d.   the Letter I hand to American Captains going to Sea and had their Registers endorsed.

“4th.   My Letter to the Commander of the U.S. Brig Siren.

“5th.   Vice Admiral Ordes Answer.2

“Since I received the above reply from the Vice Admiral I have Suspended given the Captains Copy of the Letter under No. 3.

“Notwithstanding the rigour of the Blockade sundry Neutral Vessels with Cargos have entered this Bay. On the 18th. a Danish Ship sailed with a Cargo of salt, and was ordered back by the English, which is a proof that they will allow no Vessel to Sail with such Cargos and only with ballast of Sand or Stone.

“The Ports that are in a State of Blockade at this moment are Cadiz, Ferrol & Cartagena of cour<se> the other Ports are free, which will Serve for the government of the Trade of the United States.

“No News from the Squadron up the Mediterranea<n>. The Armament in this Port is carried on with the greatest activity but no Seamen, it is to be Commanded by Admiral Gravina, Alava, and Villavicenc[io].”

Adds in a postscript: “Governmt. Notes .. 48½—49½ per.”

RC and enclosures (DNA: RG 59, CD, Cádiz, vol. 1). RC 2 pp.; printed in Knox, Naval Documents, Barbary Wars description begins Dudley W. Knox, ed., Naval Documents Related to the United States Wars with the Barbary Powers (6 vols.; Washington, D.C., 1939–44). description ends , 5:452. For enclosures, see n. 2.

1Yznardy to JM, 31 Jan. 1805, PJM-SS, description begins Robert J. Brugger et al., eds., The Papers of James Madison: Secretary of State Series (9 vols. to date; Charlottesville, Va., 1986–). description ends 8:520–21.

2The enclosures are copies of (1) Admiral Sir John Orde’s 11 Jan. 1805 letter to Yznardy (1 p.; printed in Knox, Naval Documents, Barbary Wars description begins Dudley W. Knox, ed., Naval Documents Related to the United States Wars with the Barbary Powers (6 vols.; Washington, D.C., 1939–44). description ends , 5:452), stating that neutral vessels loading cargoes at Cádiz before Spain’s declaration of war on Great Britain was known at Cádiz, and sailing before 25 Jan., would pass unmolested if they were provided with a consular certificate declaring that their cargoes belonged entirely to natives of their own countries; (2) Yznardy to Orde, 27 Feb. 1805 (1 p.; ibid., 453), asking if the deadline would be extended because of a long spell of bad weather and reminding Orde that during the previous war Admiral St. Vincent had allowed American ships carrying American produce to enter Cádiz provided the inbound and outbound cargoes were certified as American property; (3) Yznardy’s undated letter to Orde (1 p.), stating that he had told an American master that his ship would be allowed to pass the blockade with Yznardy’s certificate and asking Orde to instruct his officers not to write on American ships’ registers, as the captain of the Ruby had done, but on the sea letters instead; (4) Yznardy to Capt. Charles Stewart of the U.S. brig Syren, 1 Mar. 1805 (1 p.; ibid., 453), asking him to convey Yznardy’s letter to Orde and bring back the reply, since the strict British blockade did not allow any ships to pass; and (5) Orde to Yznardy, 11 Mar. 1805 (1 p.; ibid., 453–54), stating that “Imperious Circumstances” compelled him to enforce the blockade strictly and asking Yznardy to inform all concerned of this.

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