James Madison Papers

To James Madison from David Zeigler (Abstract), 4 March 1805

§ From David Zeigler1

4 March 1805, Cincinnati. “How great sir is my Grief, to find myself no longer Able to procure by my Services any more Good to my Country, Occasioned by wounds received in defending my right and priviledges, but estime myself the most happy of Mortals, especially when seening that under our present Administration I live injoie the fruits of my labour, also can Sing hymns to our Country & pray for the prosperity of our Administration, with wishing Millions of my Country men may injoie our worth.

“I am forced to Resign my Commission as Marshall for the Ohio District, and have the Honor of your sir, to Salute the President, that he will be pleased to Accept my Commission as Marshall, O coud I Say much, but in most respectfull Manner Asked the Goodnese of you, to perform that part, by making known my indeficency, necessary it will be to Continue Untill the President Appointment reachd my Suxcessor.

“I have Also the Honor to inform you, that my situation as Marshall was made very Agreable by his Honor the Judge of the District Court, to him I ever will be indebted. As I am carased by Two Gentlemen of my Acquaintance, I mention my Deputy Jeremiah McCleine Esqure an honest men, Also Michael Baldwine Esquire the late Attorney for the Ohio District, from the Long Acquantance and endimeny2 with that Gentlemen and the Uniform Princeple & integrity Displayed, recommand him Particullary to the Presidents Notice.

“Of Those Officers that accompanied General Washington to Cambridge anno 1775, only a few are now Preserved, & to that number my Name may be Added how it happened that I was preserved Drow [sic] as many bloody seens, is only Adtributed to the mercy of the Great Ruler of the Universe, the many Old worn out soldier in this neighborhood, daily calling on me directs to divide What little I have, would in a Great Measure enable me to perform that duty if a Small Allowence may be Assigned to me, the United states has fully Satisfayd me for the 17 Years Services, but as getting Old, the many looses sustaint in trade of late, would Assist in paying my Doctors Bills.

“May God Prolong the life of the President with his Counsellors.”

RC (DNA: RG 59, LAR, 1801–9, filed under “Baldwin, Michael”). 2 pp.; docketed by Jefferson.

1Maj. David Zeigler (or Ziegler) (1748–1811) was born in Heidelberg and emigrated to Pennsylvania about 1774. He joined the Pennsylvania Rifle Battalion in 1775. He retired in 1783 but rejoined the army in 1784, serving in Indian campaigns with Josiah Harmar and Arthur St. Clair before resigning in 1792. He settled in Cincinnati where he opened a store and served as president of the city council, marshal of the Ohio district, and adjutant general of Ohio. He was surveyor of the port of Cincinnati from 1807 until his death (John Dwight Kilbourne, Virtutis Praemium: The Men Who Founded the State Society of the Cincinnati of Pennsylvania [2 vols.; Rockport, Me., 1998], 2:1008–1011).

2“Endimeny”: i.e., intimacy.

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