James Madison Papers

To James Madison from Rufus King, 13 May 1803 (Abstract)

§ From Rufus King

13 May 1803, London. No. 98. “I have the honour to transmit herewith the Convention which I yesterday signed in Triplicate with Lord Hawkesbury relative to our Boundaries.1 The Convention does not vary in any thing material from the tenour of my Instructions.2 The line thro’ the Bay of Passamaquoddy secures our Interest in that quarter. The provision for running, instead of describing, the Line between the North West Corner of Nova Scotia and the source of Connecticut River has been inserted, as well on account of the Progress of the British Settlements towards the source of the Connecticut, as of the difficulty in agreeing upon any new Description of the manner of running this Line, without more exact information than is at present possessed of the Geography of the Country. The source of the Mississippi nearest to the Lake of the Woods, according to Mackenzies Report, will be found about Twenty nine Miles to the Westward of any part of that Lake, which is represented to be nearly circular. Hence a direct Line between the north westermost part of the Lake and the nearest source of the Mississippi, which is preferred by this Government, has appeared to me equally advantageous with the Lines we had proposed.”3

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