James Madison Papers

To James Madison from Stephen Cathalan, Jr., 25 October 1802 (Abstract)

§ From Stephen Cathalan, Jr.

25 October 1802, Marseilles. Transmits a packet from James Leander Cathcart at Leghorn. The Constellation arrived at Toulon 18 Oct. from Leghorn needing rudder repairs and sailed from Toulon on 22 Oct. for Gibraltar “to settle with Consul Simpson definitively The Treaty between U. Stes. and Morocco.” The Constellation was ordered by Morris not to stop at Marseilles or at Spanish ports for convoy. The Swedes have made a peace treaty with Tripoli with French mediation and will pay $150,000 cash and an annual tribute of $8,000, but no ransom for Swedish prisoners. The Swedish consul at Marseilles showed Cathalan a sealed packet containing the treaty which Admiral Cederström delivered to be forwarded to Sweden for ratification. Morris was to sail from Leghorn to Tripoli with Cathcart to negotiate peace and could not have been informed “that peace with Sweeden was already made, only That They were treating for it.” The Enterprize was to leave Leghorn for Toulon to offer convoy to American ships “down The Streights.” Cathalan’s agents at Toulon supplied the Constellation only with fresh provisions. Minor repairs were provided by the arsenal for which the prefect made no charge. Cathalan’s agents were paid “by Capn. Murray in his bill on Messrs. Ogden Schwartz & Company of Marseilles under Agents of Mr. Purviance at Leghor⟨n⟩,” who had provided Murray with letters to that purpose. Both Cathalan and his agents offered to supply Murray on Cathalan’s account and by his orders, but Murray preferred using “Mr. Purviance’s Channell,” thus saving Cathalan the trouble of going to Toulon as he had offered. The Columbia of Providence, George A. Hallowell, master, left Marseilles quarantine for Providence via Barcelona with a clean bill of health after seven of eight ailing crew members had died, the last on 12 Oct.1 Adds in a postscript: “No doubt Wm. Lee Esqr. our agent at bordeaux will have forwarded you The copy of the letter I had received from Mr. Beaussier The French Chargé d’affairs at Tripoly, which I forwarded him on the 15. octob. inst.”2

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