James Madison Papers

To James Madison from Caesar A. Rodney, 5 October 1801

From Caesar A. Rodney

Wilmington October 5th. 1801.

Honored & Dear Sir,

I returned late last evening from a political tour of about two weeks in the lower counties of this State. I travelled with the acts of congress the annual reports of the Secretary of the Treasury & other documents in my hands to meet the Federalists on their strongest grounds. We have followed the example of the worthy Duvall & the other Republicans of Maryland in addressing the people on the state of affairs at the various public assemblies & I trust with the same good effect.1 We have had our C justice Kensey Johns our Atty. Genl. N. Ridgely, our Representative Bayard2 &c &c. to contend with but the deformed features in the portrait of the late administration cannot bear exposure & their acts do not admit of defence. The District Attorney Mr Read3 has also stepped forward in a manly manner & addressed the people at various meetings in favour of our cause. I confidently trust that we shall gain our Governor, & our assembly. We count on a majority of 600. for Col. Hall in New Castle on a small majority in Kent & not more than 400 or 450 against us in Sussex.4 A Republican legislature will enable us to send you a Republican senator. That my hopes may be realised is the earnest wish of Your Most Obedt. Sert. & Friend

C. A. Rodney

Octob 7. 1801.

P. S. After writing the above I determined to wait the result of our election in this County, which I enclose you.5 We have given the Republican candidate a majority of 783 votes. This I take it certainly secures the Governor, making the largest allowances for Kent & Sussex. If we are not outgeneralled in Kent we must elect our Representatives there, but they have too often deceived us.

Octobr. 10. 1801.

I can now give you the total result & can congratulate you on the Success of the Republican Governor. He is elected by a majority of 18 votes only. This is a strong proof of our increase—the last State election they beat us a great ⟨way⟩. Mr. Bayard was once elected by a majority of 1,000 I believe. We shall not send you however a Republican Senator. We failed in Kent by about 80, votes as to the Representation. But rest assured we shall have the command of this State after another election. The Naturalization acts of Congress affect us very much in this County I suppose we lost 300. votes by them. I look with confidence to Their repeal.

I have the pleasure to enclose you a pamphlet containing “The Character of our Governor Elect” from the best sources of information & the circulation of which has been productive of the happiest consequences.6 They attempted to calumniate him; but their acts recoiled on themselves.

I trust your health is perfectly restored by the prudent measures you have taken to confirm it. My Father desires particularly to be remembered to you.

C. A. Rodney

New-Castle Majority for Col. Hall 783
Kent Do. for N. Mitchell7 61 } 765
Sussex Do. for same 704
765  18 Majory. for
⟨Col. hall⟩

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