James Madison Papers

To James Madison from Joseph Pitcairn, 11 April 1801 (Abstract)

§ From Joseph Pitcairn

11 April 1801, Hamburg. His last dispatch informed the State Department of his bills for clothing and other relief offered distressed American seamen, and he enclosed two copies of account and two lists of ships arrived from July to December 1800.1 Recounts politics of northern Europe. Great Britain was to be compelled by limiting its trade and losing Hanover to acknowledge principles of armed neutrality. Reports on British naval conflict with Denmark and ensuing negotiated truce. Death of Russian czar will ensure peace. Alexander has lifted embargo against British ships. Pursuant to arrangements suggested by Napoleon and approved by Paul at St. Petersburg, Danes took possession of Hamburg on 29 Mar. American produce has been in great demand throughout Europe. City hospital is disagreeable to U.S. sailors, but expenses are high for those who remain in other lodgings;2 suggests alternate arrangement.

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