James Madison Papers

From James Madison to George Washington, 8 March 1789

To George Washington

Philada. March 8th. 1789

Dear Sir

We arrived here yesterday evening where we have met with Mr. Dawson just from New York. When he left it, 18 Representatives and 8 Senators had assembled. It is not certain when the deficiences will [be] made up. The most favorable conjectures postpone it to Monday Sev’-night. The members attending are cheifly from the Eastward. I do not learn that a single member except Mr. White is from a State South of Pennsylva., unless indeed Dr. Tucker is to be included in the exception.1 The N. Jersey Reps. are not yet announced. Mr. Clarke it is supposed will be one. Mr. Cadwallader, Mr. Boudinot, and Mr. Skureman,2 are talked of as the others.

I find that the communication made you from Kentuckey corresponds with an official letter to Congs. from Govr. St Clair, which speaks of the same emissary, and the same errand. Notice has been transmitted of the affair to the Executive of Virga. in order that regular steps may be taken, if sufficient ground be afforded, for apprehending the incendiary.3 The project of G. M——n for establishing a Colony beyond the Mississippi is also going on.4 It is the opinion of Mr. Brown, as explained to Mr. Griffin, that emigrations to the Spanish territory will be enticed from Kentucky, as rapidly, as the allurements of the latter place, have obtained them from the Atlantic States. All these circumstances point out the conduct which the New Govt. ought to pursue with regard to the Western Country & Spain.

I dropped you a few lines from Baltimore mentioning the unanimity of the Electoral Votes of S. Carola. & Georgia for a Presid & the manner in which the Secondary votes were disposed of. I am Dr. Sir Yr. truly Affecte

Js. Madison Jr

RC (DLC: Washington Papers); Tr (DLC). RC docketed by Washington. Brackets enclose word missing owing to a tear in the RC.

1Thomas Tudor Tucker of South Carolina had attended the last session of the Continental Congress and was thus on the spot when the new Congress convened.

2James Schureman.

3When JM visited Mount Vernon in late February on his way to New York, Washington showed him a letter from Harry Innes. Innes discussed the activities of John Connolly, a former loyalist officer who was suspected of being a British agent with the mission to persuade Kentuckians either to revolt and join Canada or to attack Spanish possessions along the Mississippi (Innes to Washington, 18 Dec. 1788 [DLC: Washington Papers]). For the communications to the Continental Congress and Governor Randolph on the same subject, see Arthur St. Clair to the Secretary for Foreign Affairs, 13 Dec. 1788, Carter, Territorial Papers of the U.S., II, 166–67; John Dawson to Beverley Randolph, 29 Jan. 1789, Burnett, Letters, VIII, 818.

4For George Morgan’s New Madrid project, see PJM description begins William T. Hutchinson et al., eds., The Papers of James Madison (vols. 1–10, Chicago, 1962–77; vols. 11—, Charlottesville, Va., 1977—). description ends , XI, 333 and n. 1.

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