James Madison Papers

Resolution to Transfer Negotiations with Spain to Madrid, [18 April] 1787

Resolution to Transfer Negotiations
with Spain to Madrid

[18 April 1787]

Resolved that the present State of the negociations with Spain, and of the affairs of the United States, renders it expedient that the Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of France,1 should proceed under a special Commission to the Court of Madrid there to make such representations, and to urge such negociations, as will be most likely to impress on the said Court the friendly disposition of the United States, and to induce it to make such concessions and arrangements touching the Southern limit of the U. S.2 and their right to navigate the Mississippi below the same, and to enter into such commercial stipulations with the United States, as may most effectually guard agst. a rupture of the subsisting harmony, and promote the mutual interests of the two nations.3

Resolved that the Secretary for the department of Foreign Affairs prepare and report the instructions proper to be given to the said Minister Plenipotenitary, with a proper commission and Letter of Credence; and that he also report the communications and explanations which it may be advisable to make to Mr. Guardoqui relative to this change in the mode of conducting the negociations with his Court.4

Ms (PCC). In JM’s hand. Docketed, “Motion of Mr Madison April 18. 1787 Referred to the Secy for foreign Affairs to report,” and in another hand, “reported on 20th. April 1787.”

1Thomas Jefferson.

2By the peace treaty of 1783 the U.S. claimed the 31st parallel as its southern boundary.

3For JM’s earlier opinion of the proposed treaty, see JM to Monroe, 21 June 1786.

4The motion was referred to Jay, who reported unfavorably on 20 Apr. His report was taken under consideration by Congress on 23 Apr. (JCC description begins Worthington Chauncey Ford et al., eds., Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774–1789 (34 vols.; Washington, 1904–37). description ends , XXXII, 217–20; Notes on Debates, 18 and 23 Apr. 1787).

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