Thomas Jefferson Papers

To Thomas Jefferson from James Monroe, 20 June 1806

London June 20th. 1806.

Dear Sir

The opportunity by Mr. Bankhead is too favorable not to be taken advantage of to write you, altho I may be able to add but little to what you find in my official dispatches. The business here has been suspended since the late appointment was known & will remain so till Mr. Pinkney arrives. It was impossible for me to move in it after that event, either with propriety or effect. besides it appeared that the object to be accomplished was of a more comprehensive nature than that with which I was charged; and it was in every view expedient to comprize the whole in the same adjustment. I most earnestly hope therefore that Mr. P. will soon be on the ground. I do not expect to hear from Mr. Fox on any part of the business till the negotiation is opened under the new commission. He would I make no doubt have written readily, a note of friendly assurances relative to the outrages at New York, but that would have been of little use, as it would have been mere matter of profession. A formal application will become necessary, when I receive instructions on the subject, on which the measure of this govt. will be founded. By desiring him to touch the general subject in the sentiment expressed by him in our conferences, altho he readily promised a compliance yet I do not expect it. with respect to Mr. Fox’s conduct in the whole of this business, my own opinion is, that in his conversation & promises to me, he was always sincere, but found himself checked in the cabinet. He recd. always with pleasure every information which I was able to give him, and on one occasion made use of the terms “that I must support him” in the point, on which we were speaking (being that of the continuity of the voyage) in the sense in which I viewed the subject, and as I thought he did also. I have thought that the freedom of his communications with me led him into engagements which he could not fulfill within the time & manner he had promised, which gave him some embarrassment, and made him desirous of avoiding interviews under those circumstances. I have great confidence that he will resume the subject when we are prepared for it, with the disposition he has hitherto shewn. In the mean time I shall avoid every thing that may tend to irritate, indeed I shall do all I can to conciliate. In agreing to suspend the business with Mr. Fox I asked him if I shod. leave the business where it was, or attempt to forward it by confering with any of the other members of the cabinet? He said that I might speak with Lord Auckland if an opportunity offered, who tho’ not a member of the cabinet had weight in the business. I shall do so. I have seen & conferred with Lord Sidmouth, who seems to be very well disposed. I have great hope that such a treaty may be formed, as will be satisfactory, and that it may be done in time to let me return to the UStates in the course of the Autumn.

Mr. Sullivan Mr. Bowdoins secry., has lately arrived here & brought me a letter from Mr. Bowdoin, from wh. I infer that his colleague & himself have not been on a confidential or cordial footing. He likewise brot. me one from Genl. Armstrong, who refers to another of a prior date which has not yet come to hand. It wod. be very unfortunate if any thing shod. occur to prevent proper harmony & cooperation between these gentlemen in the business intrusted to them. Not being master of the subject it is impossible for me to impart to you any correct ideas on it. As Mr. Bowdoin has hinted the circumstance to me, I shall notice it so far in my reply, as to advise him most earnestly to lose sight of every personal consideration, shod. such exist between them, in an effort the most calm & decisive in his power, to promote the success of the negotiation. I shall press the idea that as the business had been transferr’d to France by Spain, since the issue at Madrid, that our minister at Paris must necessarily have an important agency in it. I am also disposed to suggest the advantage of harmony to Genl. Armstrong tho’ he has said nothing to me on the subject. Mr. Sullivan assures me that Mr. Bowdoin will do every thing in his power to acquit himself to the just claims of his govt. & country, which corresponds with the opinion I formed of him in a short acquaintance last year. I hope therefore that this business will have a fair experiment in their hands and that it will completely succeed. I hint the above circumstance however that you may be attentive to whatever occurs, since so much depends in the present state of affairs, on a happy conclusion of it. I shall communicate to both these gentlemen the state of affrs. here, by Mr. Sullivan on his return. He expected to have seen his two brothers here on his arrival, but it seems they are in Scotland. Shod. he decline a visit there, he will probably return in a few days to Paris.

Mr. Bankhead was with me in Spain as Secry. of Legation. Mr. Graham having left Mr. P. it became necessary to have some one in that character, wh. I hope will be approved. His conduct in that station where he had much to do was perfectly satisfactory. He had a desire of obtaining an appointment in the consulate for which I think him well qualified. Should he persist in it, I hope it may be possible to confer one on him. I feel great concern respecting my affairs of which I have recd. no acct whatever for more than a year past. My family desire their best regards to you & Mr. Randolph & his Lady. Be so good as to remember us also to Mr. Madison & his. I have little merit with our neighbours, the Mr. Carr’s Mr. Divers & Col. Lewis having never written them owing to the continual expectation of getting home before I cod hope to receive an answer, which has existed for more than a year past. We sincerely hope to find you all in good health on our return. I am Dear Sir with great respect & regard your friend & servant

Jas. Monroe

DLC: Papers of Thomas Jefferson.

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