Thomas Jefferson Papers

To Thomas Jefferson from Albert Gallatin, 30 October 1805

Octer. 30th 1805

Dear Sir

Will you have the goodness to look at the enclosed papers respecting the New Orleans forfeiture and give me your opinion—

With respectful attachment Your obedt. Servt.

Albert Gallatin

DLC: Papers of Thomas Jefferson.


Guerlain’s case

He imports & enters at New Orleans a cargo rated by his

 invoice at St.3 8,764. 8. 8
 charges other than freight & insurance 372. 6. 6
£ 9,136. 15. 2

The invoice was made and signed by himself, as being shipped by him at London; and on being applied for the original invoices or bills of sale signed by the merchants & manufacturers in England, he replied that he had thrown them overboard from fear of the French cruizers. He also voluntarily declared that sd. invoice was made from memoranda respecting the course of the different manufacturers; which is tantamount to a declaration that the sd. invoice was not transcribed from the true original invoices or bills of sale. The collector thereon seized the goods; and, Mr Guerlain having refused to concur in the apraisement, appointed appraisers who valued the cargo at St3 10,462. 16. 3

but it does not appear clearly whether

they included therein the charges other

than freight & insurance. If they did not,

the difference between their appraisemt. & the invoice 8,764. 8. 8
is 1,698. 7. 7.
But if they did, the difference is 372. 6. 6. Sess 372. 6. 6
or St.3 1326. 1. 1

The difference between the appraisement & Mr Guerlain’s is therefore either St.3 1,698. 7. 7. = Drs 7,548.45 = fraud of

                       or " 1,326. 1 . 1. = " 5,893.57 = " of

In the first case, supposing the duties to have averaged 16 p% which is nearly the fact, the fraud on the revenue would have been (including the addit. 10 p% for freight & insurance) Drs. 1,383.88/100

In the second case, the fraud on the revenue would have amounted to only Drs. 1,080.48/100

The whole cargo has been condemned by the district judge; and a petition for remission is prevented under the statute.

Mr. Guerlain urges

1. that the appraisers were not competent to the task; that his purchases being for cash were considerably lower than those gentlemen have supposed; and that in some instances, ribbons particularly, they have far overrated the articles, having valued them even beyond the credit prices.

2. that the amount of which it is presumed he wanted to defraud the revenue being but 1100 or at most less than 1400 dollars, it is absurd to suppose that he would for the sake of that sum have risked a cargo worth in New Orleans from fifty to sixty thousand dollars

3. that that supposition is still more forcibly repelled by the fact that he intended to re-export the greater part of the cargo, in which case, as he would have received the drawback, he had no interest to diminish the amount of duties. He supports this assertion by Mr Merieult’s (his consigner) declaration, and also by an affidavit taken at Havannah subsequent to the condemnation—See both—

But Mr Guerlain does not account satisfactorily for his destroying the original bills of sale, nor for making his invoice from an arbitrary rule which he calls the course of manufacturers. The evidence of the appraisers seems also to prove (tho’ they may have committed partial mistakes) that they were competent and have rated the goods at the lowest rates.

Upon the whole it appears to me that there is strong ground to believe that a fraud was intended, tho’ it does not amount to a complete demonstration; but that the penalty incurred is greater than the offence deserves.

The prime cost of the cargo, including charges, commission

freight and insurance was worth about Drs. 57,000
The duties estd. at 16 amount to 9,500
Drs. 66,500

The nett proceeds of the sale of the

cargo amount only to 48,500
so that the transaction has already cost Drs. 18,000

to Mr Guerlain, exclusively of interest, personal expences, total disappointment in his establisht., loss of credit

The smallest penalty, however, that can be inflicted will be the difference between his invoice & the appraisement in Drs.—7,548.45

for the use of the custom house officers.

Which sum deducted from the proceeds

of sales vizt 48,500
will leave to be returned to Guerlain 41,000
from which deducting duties 9,500
will leave him nett 31,500 Dollars
and a loss of about 25,500 do
Estd. value of cargo 57,000

The question is whether that penalty be sufficient both as it relates to the offender, to the example, and to the reward due to the custom house officers—

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