Thomas Jefferson Papers

Charles Pinckney to Thomas Jefferson, 6 July 1821

From Charles Pinckney

Charleston July 6–1821

Dear Sir

Captan Archibald W Hamilton Son of a very respectable gentleman of New York wishing to see & have the honour of your acquaintance I have taken the liberty of giving him this letter to you—He was an officer in the British army & on the declaration of the late war offered his resignation declaring he would not fight against his native country on which he was detained as a prisoner & for trial until the peace when he was permitted to return to his country

His Conduct has Been very highly approved by persons of all parties & many of them have recommended him to our government for a public situation & given him very strong recommendations—any services which you may please to render this deserving gentleman will be thankfully recieved by him & gratefully acknowledged by dear sir Your sincere Friend

Charles Pinckney

RC (MHi); endorsed by TJ as received 31 Mar. 1822 “by A. W. Hamilton” and so recorded in SJL. RC (MHi); address cover only; with Dft of TJ to Eliza C. Rankin, 9 Aug. 1824, on verso; addressed: “The Honourable Thomas Jefferson at Monticello Honoured by Captain Hamilton”; docketed in an unidentified hand: “No 5 Thomas Pinckney to Thos Jefferson.”

Archibald Wade Hamilton (ca. 1792–1842), soldier and public official, was a native of New York. He entered the British army around 1810 and was stationed in Jamaica. Hamilton was a lieutenant when his regiment was ordered to engage the American forces during the War of 1812. When he refused, he was held as a prisoner of war until the end of hostilities. In 1818 Hamilton received a commission in the United States Army and served as an assistant deputy quartermaster general with the rank of captain until his discharge in 1821. President James Monroe appointed him surveyor and revenue inspector at Pensacola in 1823 and elevated him the following year to collector for that port, but President John Quincy Adams removed him from office in 1826. Hamilton died in New York City (DNA: RG 59, LAR, 1809–17; Heitman, U.S. Army description begins Francis B. Heitman, comp., Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, 1903, repr. 1994, 2 vols. description ends , 1:493; JEP description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate of the United States description ends , 3:120, 123, 340, 354, 361, 364, 503 [5, 13 Feb. 1818, 3 Mar. 1823, 8 Jan., 9, 26 Feb. 1824, 17 Feb. 1826]; Madison, Papers, Retirement Ser., 2:504–5; New York Evening Post, 7 Feb. 1842).

A missing letter from Hamilton to TJ of 23 Mar. 1822, which likely covered this letter, is recorded in SJL as received 31 Mar. 1822 from Washington, D.C.

Index Entries

  • Hamilton, Archibald Wade; identified search
  • Hamilton, Archibald Wade; introduced to TJ search
  • Hamilton, Archibald Wade; letter from accounted for search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Correspondence; letters of introduction to search
  • Pinckney, Charles; introduces A. W. Hamilton search
  • Pinckney, Charles; letters from search
  • War of1812; prisoners of war search