Thomas Jefferson Papers

Thomas Cooper to Thomas Jefferson, 12 March 1821

From Thomas Cooper

Columbia 12 March 1821

Dear sir

I am glad to find from Mr Eppes’s information, that the Legislature of Virginia has enabled the Visitors of the University to proceed with their Plan.

When I passed by Montecello, it was with a view principally to ascertain whether any strong probability could be counted upon, as to the appointment of Professors; meaning to regulate my conduct here, by the information I could obtain at your house; but finding both from you and from Governor Randolph, as well as from common report, that no reliance could be placed on the good disposition of the Legislature this year—but that it was just as probable that the buildings would remain useless for seven years to come, as be put into requisition this year, I found myself obliged to consult the necessity of immediate employment, and accept of the Professorship here on the terms offered me. Had I declined accepting the chair of Chemistry here permanently, a gentleman sent for from Yale College for the purpose (Dr Porter) was ready to take the Situation. Under these circumstances, I could do no otherwise than take the offer, on the understood condition, that I should remain here. since that time, I have been made Professor of Mineralogy with an Additional Salary of 1000$, and President pro temp. of the College, from which I suspect I shall have no occasion to remove, but in conformity to my own wishes. my family, my furniture, my apparatus are all here or at Charleston, and the removal has cost me 800$ at least. I must therefore now consider myself as fixed in this place.

You want a Chemist & Mineralogist: I can with perfect confidence, under the fullest conviction, declare that Mr Vanuxem whom you saw with me, is possessed of knowledge of these subjects, beyond that of any person known to me in the United States. I believe in pressing him on your notice, I am doing much more service to your institution, than to him. Had I gone to Charlottesville, I should have recommended him here; as it is, I assert without scruple or hesitation, that you cannot do so well as to take him.

Two years incessantly devoted to these pursuits in Philadelphia, and three more years laboriously employed in the same way in Paris, has given him opportunities (fully embraced) of acquiring the knowledge in question, beyond any man in America. For his character at Paris, as an honour to his country there, I am instructed to refer to Mr Gallatin who will most readily confirm my report. No Professor from England has had equal advantages: and Mr Vanuxem is an American by birth. Whoever you get, must be provided with a Laboratory & Lecture room: no apartment in your University will suffice for the purpose.

I am desirous of promoting Mr Vanuxem’s interest, but my advice rests on the ground of promoting the Interest of science, & of your Institution. If you do not employ him with you, I shall certainly endeavour to take measures to retain him here.

Your Grandson Eppes has talents; he is not deficient in Industry and he will stand at the head of his class. I advise you to let him stay here another year and graduate. For an hour every day, I used to read Horace with him in the intervals of his class, but the duties of President, have left me now no leisure for that. I have persuaded him to read Lucan’s Pharsalia. I will take him next year into my Laboratory. I greatly like his temper & his talents.

Adieu. May God preserve you for the good of yr Country, many years.

Thomas Cooper

RC (DLC); addressed: “Thomas Jefferson Esq Montecello Virginia”; franked; postmarked Columbia, 13 Mar.; endorsed by TJ as received 22 Mar. 1821 and so recorded in SJL.

Also on this date, Cooper sent a similar letter to James Madison, covering most of the same topics and noting that on a return trip to Columbia in the autumn of 1820, he had “staid a week at Monticello” (Madison, Papers, Retirement Ser., 2:279–81).

Index Entries

  • chemistry; collegiate education in search
  • Cooper, Thomas (1759–1839); letters from search
  • Cooper, Thomas (1759–1839); president of South Carolina College search
  • Cooper, Thomas (1759–1839); professor at South Carolina College search
  • Cooper, Thomas (1759–1839); recommends L. C. Vanuxem search
  • Cooper, Thomas (1759–1839); University of Virginia professorship proposed for search
  • Cooper, Thomas (1759–1839); visits Monticello search
  • Eppes, Francis Wayles (TJ’s grandson); education of, at South Carolina College search
  • Gallatin, Albert; recommends L. C. Vanuxem search
  • Horace (Quintus Horatius Flaccus); in collegiate curriculum search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Correspondence; letters of application and recommendation to search
  • Lucan; Pharsalia search
  • Madison, James (1751–1836); works sent to search
  • mineralogy; and T. Cooper search
  • Monticello (TJ’s Albemarle Co. estate); Visitors to; Cooper, Thomas search
  • patronage; letters of application and recommendation to TJ search
  • Pharsalia (Lucan) search
  • Porter, Timothy Dwight; academic career of search
  • Randolph, Thomas Mann (1768–1828) (TJ’s son-in-law; Martha Jefferson Randolph’s husband); as governor of Va. search
  • South Carolina College (later University of South Carolina); faculty at search
  • South Carolina College (later University of South Carolina); president of search
  • Vanuxem, Lardner Clark; seeks professorship search
  • Virginia, University of; Board of Visitors; and funds of University of Virginia search
  • Virginia, University of; Establishment; and General Assembly search
  • Virginia, University of; Establishment; opening of search
  • Virginia, University of; Faculty and Curriculum; faculty applicants search
  • Virginia, University of; Faculty and Curriculum; T. Cooper as proposed professor search
  • Virginia; General Assembly search
  • Yale College (later Yale University); students educated at search