Thomas Jefferson Papers

Thomas B. Parker to Thomas Jefferson, 16 January 1821

From Thomas B. Parker

Boston Jany 16th 1821


You doubtless have heard that the citizens of massachusetts deemed it necessary, on the seperation of Maine, to alter and amend their state constitution. Accordingly, delegates were chosen from every town and have met in convention, and have made alterations and amendments which are to be submitted to the people for acceptance or non-acceptance. Two important questions have been decided by this convention, namely, “that the Senate shall be proportioned according to valuation” and “that every taxable person shall pay a tax for the support of publick teachers of religion.”

Under the impression, Sir, that you will excuse me, I make bold to ask your opinion on those two questions, as I am in doubt whether it be most consistant to base the senate on valuation or on population. It is said “that taxation and representation should go together” and that “there should be a check on the popular branch.[”] Would there not be a sufficient check were the senate proportioned on population and chosen by districts?—If the senate are proportioned on valuation it seems to me to operate unequally; for, on that principle, the county of Suffolk with a population of 43,000 are entitled to six Senators and middlesex county, adjoining, with a population of 50,000, are entitled to only four. As to the second question, has civil goverment a right to interfere with religious matters and to compel men to aid in support of publick teachers of religion? Is it expedient, is it good policy so to do? Is it not a violation of the rights of conscience which every one pretends to hold sacred? I am in doubt, and still more so when I find a man like the venerable Mr Adams, supporting principles which, apparently, are aristocratical and, consequently, opposed to genuine republicanism. I wish to act deliberately and consistantly and therefore do not wish to give my humble support to measures that coincide not with the fundamental principles of republicanism and equal rights. It is my sincere disire that all should equally enjoy their rights and priviliges and be protected and defended by goverment in that enjoyment.

I hope Sir I do not intrude too much upon you sensible as I am of your goodness to oblige. Your opinions if I shall be so happy as to receive them will be considered a favor of much value. Hoping you still continue to enjoy good health

With great Respect I subscribe myself Your obt & obliged Huml Servt

Thomas B Parker

RC (DLC); edge trimmed; endorsed by TJ as received 28 Jan. 1821 and so recorded in SJL. RC (MHi); address cover only; with PoC of TJ to Joseph Wilson, 12 Apr. 1821, on verso; addressed: “To the Hon’le Thomas Jefferson Monticello Virginia.”

According to 1810 census data referenced by the delegates to the Massachusetts constitutional convention, the population of the county of suffolk was actually 34,381, while that of middlesex county was 52,789 (Journal of Debates and Proceedings in the Convention of Delegates, chosen to revise the Constitution of Massachusetts, Begun and holden at Boston, November 15, 1820, and continued by Adjournment to January 9, 1821 [Boston, 1821], 231). John adams represented Quincy at that convention.

Index Entries

  • Adams, John; and Mass. constitutional convention search
  • Maine; and statehood search
  • Massachusetts; and Maine statehood search
  • Massachusetts; census of search
  • Massachusetts; constitutional convention of1820–21 search
  • Massachusetts; Senate of search
  • Parker, Thomas B.; and Mass. constitutional convention search
  • Parker, Thomas B.; letters from search
  • religion; state support of search
  • taxes; and religion search
  • taxes; and representation search