Thomas Jefferson Papers

Thomas Jefferson to Joshua Dodge, 13 July 1820

To Joshua Dodge

Monticello July 13. 20.


The season for asking my annual supply of wines being now come about, I have first to acknolege the reciept of your letters of Oct. 9. & Nov. 9., as likewise to inform you that the Nice wines you were so kind as to forward, came safely to hand, as h[ave] also those forwarded by mr Oliver. accepting with thankfulnes[s] your kind offers of service, I take the liberty of addressing to you my wants for the present year. Mr Oliver sent me the last year half a dozen bottles of Clairette wine of Limoux, bought of mr Chevalier, which we found so much to our taste that I have asked 150. bottles of it this year. by applying to the same gentleman, or to mr Oliver, you may probably be able to get it for me exactly of the same quality, which is my wish. he sent me from Mr Chevalier also a cask of a Muscat wine of Rivesalte; an excellent wine, for which I shall renew my application the next year, but not the present. the vin sec of Rivesalte I now ask for is such as mr Cathalan furnished me with for several years mad[e] by M. Durand of Rivesalte, who will probably recollect the particular quality, and be able to furnish it with exactness. the Ledanon which M. Cathalan was used to send me, was made at a vineyard formerly the property of his aunt, now held by M. Tourneron of that place. I first became acquain[t]ed with it at M. Cathalan’s table; and that furnished by mr Tourneron, her successor, was equally good. mr Chevalier’s of the last year however was also good.

To meet this supply, I now place in the hands of my friend John Vaughan of Philadelphia, 200.D. to be invested in a bill of mr Girard on his correspondent of Paris. in estimating the wines Etc called for, I have governed myself by the prices of the same articles in mr Oliver’s invoice of the last year. I suppose also that my last year’s remittance fell short some 20. or 30.ƒ. leaving me that much in your debt. should the present remittance be inadequate to pay that balance & the articles now required, be so good as to make a countervailing reduction on the number of bottles of Ledanon & Limoux wines.

I am later this year than usual in making my application. but if mr Vaughan’s remittance has a speedy passage, & an early opportunity occurs for your shipping the articles, they may yet get into our ports before they are shut up by ice. always address for me to the Collector of the port the vessel is bound to, recollecting that, if there be a choice, the ports of the Chesapeak are most convenient, and next to these New York, or Philadelphia but never send to any port South of the Chesapeak.

1. gross (say 12. doz. bottles) of mr Bergasse’s claret. taking care not to call it by that name on account of the high duties here on all Clarets.

150. bottles of Ledanon.

150. bottles of vin clairette de Limoux from mr Chevalier.

30. gallons vin sec de Rivesalte, de M. Durand.

24. bottles virgin olive oil of Aix.

50. ℔ Maccaroni. [those of Naples preferred]1

6. bottles of Anchovies.

PoC (MHi); on reused address cover of Thomas Cooper to TJ, 18 Dec. 1819; edge trimmed; at foot of first page: “Mr Dodge”; with canceled notations by TJ written perpendicularly in left margin of last page: “original by J. Vaughan. Duplicate thro’ Sec’ of sta’s office & mr Gallatin”; endorsed by TJ. Recorded in SJL as forwarded “by Vaughan & Gelston.” Enclosures: (1) TJ to Eulalie Cathalan, 13 July 1820. (2) TJ to Julius Oliver, 13 July 1820. Enclosed in TJ to John Vaughan, 13 July 1820, and TJ to David Gelston, 13 Aug. 1820.

Made from the clairette grape, the white clairette wine was a popular Limoux vintage (John Hailman, Thomas Jefferson on Wine [2006], 359). vin sec: “dry wine.” m. tourneron: Jean Jacques Tourneysen.

1Brackets in original.

Index Entries

  • anchovies search
  • Bergasse, J. L. search
  • Cathalan, Stephen (Étienne) (1757–1819); and wine for TJ search
  • Cathalan, Stephen (Étienne) (1757–1819); family of search
  • Chevalier, Jean Joseph; and wine for TJ search
  • clairette (wine) search
  • claret (wine) search
  • Dodge, Joshua; and wine and groceries for TJ search
  • Dodge, Joshua; letters to search
  • Dodge, Joshua; TJ’s debt to search
  • Durand, François; and wine for TJ search
  • fish; anchovies search
  • food; anchovies search
  • food; macaroni search
  • food; olive oil search
  • Girard, Stephen; and TJ’s lines of credit search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Business & Financial Affairs; orders wine from J. Dodge search
  • Lédenon, France; wine from search
  • macaroni; TJ orders search
  • muscatel (wine) search
  • Nice; wine from search
  • oil; olive search
  • Oliver, Julius; and wine and groceries for TJ search
  • Rivesaltes, France; wine from search
  • taxes; on wine search
  • Tourneysen (Tourneron; Tourneyzon), Jean Jacques; wine merchant in Lédenon search
  • Vaughan, John (1756–1841); and payments made for TJ search
  • weather; ice search
  • wine; clairette search
  • wine; claret search
  • wine; muscatel search
  • wine; of Lédenon search
  • wine; of Nice search
  • wine; of Rivesaltes search
  • wine; TJ orders from J. Dodge search