Thomas Jefferson Papers

Thomas Jefferson to Chapman Johnson and John H. Peyton, 11 June 1819

To Chapman Johnson and John H. Peyton

Monticello June 11. 19.

Dear Sirs

I now inclose you the documents, original or authentic, to which the references of my bill relate. Nos 4. 5. 7. 8. are duly authenticated by mr Minor as a Commissioner in Chancery.

We had yesterday our meeting for examination of witnesses on the part of the defs. I took no notes, for there was but one point of the least importance to which they went. that was to the inquest of 1805. two of the jurors were examined & the sheriff who charged them. he declared he administered the usual oath as expressed in the commn, and in the words of the law. he thinks, but without distinctness the inquest was read to me on the ground [on this he is certainly mistaken]1 one of the jurors Barksdale came evidently determined to swear any thing off-hand, and swore roundly at first that he would not have signed the inquest without the interlined paragraph.2 subsequent questions to place him palpably in contradiction to himself threw him into great confusion, & he endeavored much to evade them by pretending not to remember. the 3. however agreed on interrogatories that the Jury had no valuable consideration in their power to offer for the concession of the use of the canal, that no authority was given them to make bargains with me for removing the obstructions that no authority was given them either to refuse or grant me permission to erect the dam, their charge being only to enquire into special facts & report them to the court. yet all said I agreed to the interlineation; which according to their own confession was but a nudum pactum. but the real truth is that it was a mere conversation in which I declared the disposition & wish from which I have never departed, to accomodate the public, but certainly not without proper conditions for the safety of my property.3 it is like the case of a neighbor asking leave to use a road which goes thro’ our farm. it is yielded in general terms; but if it be found that he habitually leaves the gates open, we consider ourselves authorised to withdraw the leave, even if he had built the gates & widened the road, and that our gratuitous permission did not vest in him a feesimple right of passage for ever thro’ our farm. those depositions as well as this letter will go by the mail of the day after tomorrow. there is one witness, the overseer of the Directors, Emanuel Poor, that they are very anxious to examine. I doubt much his coming. there is one also, John Coles, of the Inquest of 1805. whom I am very anxious to examin[e] but I fear he will not return to the county in time. I suppose therefore the case will be tried on the depositions already taken, and I think I may say that they maintain every material fact stated in the bill, & even that of the discrepance of the Jurors on the4 miscalled agreement. if Coles should return I shall endeavor to get & forward his depositions. not doubting your having recieved my letter of the 9th and packet of my depositions for the clerk, I repeat my salutations and assurances of friendship & respect.

Th: Jefferson

PoC (DLC); edge trimmed; at foot of first page: “Messrs Johnson & Peyton”; endorsed by TJ. Enclosures: exhibits numbered 1–5 and 7–11 (see note to TJ’s Bill of Complaint against the Directors of the Rivanna Company, [by 9 Feb. 1817]).

the sheriff: James Old. nudum pactum: an unenforceable contract (Black’s Law Dictionary description begins Bryan A. Garner and others, eds., Black’s Law Dictionary, 7th ed., 1999 description ends ). discrepance: “want of agreement or harmony; disagreement, difference” (OED description begins James A. H. Murray, J. A. Simpson, E. S. C. Weiner, and others, eds., The Oxford English Dictionary, 2d ed., 1989, 20 vols. description ends ).

1Brackets in original.

2Manuscript: “pargraph.”

3Manuscript: “proper.”

4TJ here canceled “pretended.”

Index Entries

  • Barksdale, Samuel; as juror search
  • canals; at Shadwell mills search
  • Coles, John (1774–1848); andJefferson v. Rivanna Company search
  • dams; on Rivanna River search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Writings; Bill of Complaint inJefferson v. Rivanna Company search
  • Jefferson v. Rivanna Company; case documents in search
  • Jefferson v. Rivanna Company; depositions for search
  • Jefferson v. Rivanna Company; TJ’s bill of complaint in search
  • Jefferson v. Rivanna Company; TJ’s counsel in search
  • Johnson, Chapman; andJefferson v. Rivanna Company search
  • Johnson, Chapman; letters to search
  • Minor, Peter; and Rivanna Company search
  • Old, James; andJefferson v. Rivanna Company search
  • Peyton, John Howe; andJefferson v. Rivanna Company search
  • Peyton, John Howe; letters to search
  • Poor, Immanuel; as agent of Rivanna Company search
  • Rivanna River; canals on search
  • Rivanna River; dams on search
  • Rivanna River; inquest on TJ’s mill (1805) search
  • Shadwell mills; canal at search
  • Shadwell mills; dam at search