Thomas Jefferson Papers

Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, 25 May 1812

To James Madison

Monticello May 25.1

Dear Sir

The difference between a communication & sollicitation is too obvious to need suggestion. while the latter adds to embarrasments, the former only enlarges the field of choice. the inclosed letters are merely communications. of Stewart I know nothing. Price who recommends him is I believe a good man, not otherwise known to me than as a partner of B. Morgan of N. O. and as having several times communicated to me useful information, while I was in the government. Timothy Matlack I have known well since the first Congress to which he was an assistant secretary. he has been always a good whig, & being an active one has been abused by his opponents, but I have ever thought him an honest man. I think he must be known to yourself.

Flour, depressed under the first panic of the embargo has been rising by degrees to 8½ D. this enables the upper country to get theirs to a good market. tobacco (except of favorite qualities) is nothing. it’s culture is very much abandoned. in this county what little ground had been destined for it is mostly put into corn. crops of wheat are become very promising, altho’ deluged with rain, of which 10. Inches fell in 10. days, and closed with a very destructive hail. I am just returned from Bedford. I believe every county South of James river, from Buckingham to the Blue ridge (the limits of my information) furnished it’s quota of volunteers. your declaration of war is expected with perfect calmness; and if those in the North mean systematically to govern the majority it is as good a time for trying them as we can expect.affectionately Adieu

Th: Jefferson

RC (DLC: Madison Papers, Rives Collection); partially dated; at foot of text: “the President of the US.”; endorsed by Madison. PoC (DLC); endorsed by TJ as a letter of 25 May 1812 and so recorded in SJL. Enclosures: (1) Caspar Wistar to TJ, 9 May 1812. (2) Chandler Price to TJ, 13 May 1812.

1Madison later added “1812” to RC at this point.

Index Entries

  • flour; price of search
  • Madison, James; and appointments search
  • Madison, James; and declaration of war search
  • Madison, James; letters to search
  • Matlack, Timothy; recommended by C. Wistar search
  • Monticello (TJ’s estate); heavy rain at search
  • Morgan, Benjamin; mercantile business of search
  • Price, Chandler; recommends A. Stewart search
  • Stewart, Alexander; seeks consular appointment search
  • tobacco; replaced by corn production search
  • Virginia; volunteer troops from search
  • War of1812; volunteer troops search
  • weather; effect on crops search
  • weather; rain search
  • wheat; effect of weather on search