Thomas Jefferson Papers

Memorandum Books, 1783


Maryland & Pennsylva. currency 7/6 to the dollar.
Jan. 1. Pd. for sundries for Patsy £3–17–6.
2. Pd. for washing 24/—Bell for books £8–5.
3. Recd. of Rob. Morris for the United States £175.
Pd. contribution to American Philosoph. society47 35/.
4. Pd. for books from Styner & Cist48 27/6—repd. Bob 1/10½.
Pd. for a box 22/6—pd. McIlhenny49 a taylor £14–18–8.
5. Pd. for mending gun lock 8/4.
6. Pd. for brush & blacking 6/4—mendg. sword 22/6 wafers 1/ gloves 15/—sundries for Patsy 55/.
7. Pd. sundries for Patsy 7/6—Starr for shoes 37/6.
8. Pd. for garters 2/6—mendg. box 5/.
9. Pd. sundries for Patsy £5–18–9—plaister 1/6.
10. Pd. Starr for boots £4–2–6.
13. Pd. Aitken for a map 35/.
14. Pd. Clarke for mendg. watch 3/9.
Pd. Afflick50 for Chessmen 37/6—Mens51 for chess board 30/.
15. Pd. portage of baggage to Baltimore 22/6.
16. Pd. Quarrier & Hunter52 for 2. Phaeton springs £12–10.
18. Pd. washing 33/9—19. Coach hire 1/10½.
20. Pd. pontage to & from Bartram’s53 3/1½—gave 1/.
Pd. repairs of Phaeton 5/.
21. Pd. for cards 2/6—Bell for a book £3–15.
22. Pd. for 7. yds. Persian54 £6–11–3.—3 pr. raw silk stockgs. £3–7–6.
Dr. Franklin was 77. years old the 6th. of this month.
24. Pd. £17–7.—shoeing horses 7/6—Heiltzheimer £32–12–6—for netting 7/6—washing 15/—cord 3/6—barber 8/4½ washing 4/6.
Recd. of treasury of United States 10375790 Dollars.55
Pd. Monsr. Marbois56 690. Doll. for his Xchange for 3980 liv. on Monsr. Boutin banker genl. of the Marine at Paris. 60 days sight.
25. Pd. Quarrier & Hunter repairs of Phaeton for Colo. Richd. Randolph 70. Doll.—pd. Mrs. House57 entertt. £40–17–0.
26. Gave Horseler 7/6—pontage over Schuylkill 1/6.
Jan. 27. Pd. entertt. at Twining’s, Newport £2–19–9.
Pd. mendg. wheel 2/6—dinner 15/10.
28. Pd. entertt. at Porter’s mill58 45/.
29. Pd. do. at Ewen’s £5–2–2 ferrge. Peach bottom59 25/ whiskey 8d.
30. Pd. entertt. at Scott’s £3–9.
31. Pd. for paper at Baltimore 9/—play tickets 22/6 portage 5/.
Feb. 1. Paid shoeing horse 7/6—mendg. box 3/9—barber 1/4. supper Grant’s60 9/4.
2. Pd. for cyder 1/—3. Bindg. book 7/6—6. Oranges 30/. Bob mendg. boots 9/.
7. Gave sailors from the Romulus61 15/—pd. for oranges 37/6.
8. Pd. washing 25/7—gimlets 12/—pasteboard 20d.—cyder 9d.
11. Pd. for whip 15/.
12. Recd. of Duprè £50–1–6—pd. a smith shoeing horses 20/.
Pd. entertt. at Mrs. Ball’s £42–1–1. portage 2/6.
Pd. book binder 5/—dinner at Grant’s 42/9.
13. Pd. for handbills 5/—14. Mendg. harness 7/6.
15. Pd. mendg. shoes 5/2—postage 3/6—gave Patsy 1/. handbills 3/.62
16. Pd. for handbills 2/—cyder 6d.
17. Pd. chairmaker 5/—Mrs. Langston lodgings £3–9.
18. Pd. for oranges £2–11—barber 22½d.
20. Pd. for sundries 24/—for box 10/—gave Patsy 35/.
21. Pd. portage 7/5—washing £2–3—horses at livery stable £13.
22. Pd. Mrs. Langston lodgings £12–9.
23. Pd. livery stable for horses 25/9—horseler 5/9—mendg. housing 3/9.
Pd. Mr. Rowndes 4. pr. raw silk stockgs. 48/—shoemaker 1/.
Pd. crossing Gunpowder 22/6.
24. Pd. entertt. Vanhorn’s, Bushtown 53/—servts. 3/9.
Pd. entertt. & ferrge. Susquehanna 44/3.
25. Gave ferrymen 2/9.
Pd. entertt. at Thompson’s Susquehanna 42/.
Pd. Tipton for horse hire £4–7.
26. Pd. entertt. at Twining’s Newport £4–6–6. horseler 1/10½.
Pd. for oats at Derby 5/—ferrge. Schuylkill 20d—barber 3/4.
27. Pd. portage 10/ cards & paper 12/6—a book 7/6.
28. Sold the bill of excha. of Marbois of 3980. liv. to Haym Salomon63 for 6822930 Doll. which I received of the bank. Loss on it of 7130 Doll.
Mar. 1. Gave Bob to buy salt 1/10½—postage 3/.
Pd. for sundries 48/—mendg. watch 3/9.
3. Pd. for chessmen 11/3—postage 10/.
4. Pd. postage 4/8—mendg. chessmen 7/—calico for Patsy 40/.
5. Gave Patsy 1/—pd. Pritchard64 for books £10–17–6.
Pd. for sundries 19/7—pd. book binder 20/.
7. Pd. postage 1/4—mendg. chessmen 2/3.
8. Pd. for stockings for boys, 4. pr. 34/.
Pd. Quarrier & Hunter for repairs to Phaeton to be charged to Colo. Richd. Randolph £17–2–6.
Pd. do. for cushion & repairs to harness for myself £6–7–6.
Pd. for shoes for Patsy 10/3—pontage over Schuylkill 3/4.
9. Pd. coach hire to Chesnut hill65 £3–9—gave at do. 3/9.
10. Pd. washing 27/—for a book 7/6—postage 4/2.
11. Pd. postage 7/.
12. Pd. bindg. book 22/6—sundries for Patsy £15.
14. Pd. McIlhenny 38/8.
15. Pd. Mrs. House entertt. £30.
16. Pd. pontage over Schuylkill 3/6.
17. Pd. for paper 6d.—pontage Schuylkill 22d—charity 7/6.
18. Pd. postage 5/—trifles 2/9.
19. Pd. for Sal prunella66 11d.—21. For books 22/6.
22. Pd. washing 26/6—ribbon 4/6.
24. Gave Patsy 8/—pd. for paper 1/—sundries 2/.
26. Pd. for sundries £5–19—6 pr. silk stockings £6–15.
Gave Bob for expences to Wilmington £3–1–6.
27. Pd. for kneebuckles 37/6.
28. Pd. for mendg. book 6d.—sundries 1/—stockgs. for Patsy 45/.
31. Pd. at church 7/6.
Apr. 1. Pd. James Starr for shoes & boots £8–11–2.
Pd. for a capuchin67 £4–11–6—sundries for Patsy £3–6–6.
2. Pontage Schuylkill 5/4—gave Patsy 1/6.
4. Pd. washing 1/6—omitted 1/.
5. Pd. washing 31/.
Recd. of Treasury of United states in full 13572190 Dollars.
Pd. Pritchard for books £12—pd. for sundries £8–4–9.
Apr. 7. Gave in charity 30/—pd. Dupré in full £50–1–6.
Gave Patsy to purchase sundries £18–15—3. pr. silk stockgs. £3–7–6.
Pd. Apothecary 25/—Roberts ironmongery £12–16—sundries £7–1–6.
8. Pd. for sundries £2–17–6—for pocket books £4–10.
Pd. for 6. pr. thread stockgs. £4–4—pd. McIlhenny £64–19–1.
Pd. for green bays 24/—paper 2/.
Pd. Mr. McHenry68 on Dupré’s bill £20.
Gave Patsy 15/—pd. for printed linens £6—a waistcoat 30/.
Pd. for toothbrushes 6/—pocket book 15/—horseler 22/6.
Pd. bookbindg. 17/6—cutler 11/4—thread & tape 40/8.
9. Pd. for scutcheons 3/6—books £6–4–6—sadler 30/.
Pd. Heiltzheimer livery stablage for horses £42–15–6.
10. Pd. horseler 37/6—Majr. Franks69 his expences at Baltim. £16–10.
Pd. Quarrier & Hunter 30/—9½ yds. linen £5–2–8—22½ yds. do. £7–6.
Gave in charity 3—pd. for sundries £5–0–6—Dr. Shippen £3–15.
Pd. drayman 2/—Wood70 mendg. watch 18/—pd. for sundries 17/.
Pd. washing 27/—Mrs. House entertt. £22–18–9. (qu?) delebatur [pene].
12. Pd. silk stockg. washer £4–2–6—Heiltzheimer 21/3—horseler 8/9.
Pd. for cord 1/10—Jacob Alborn barber £4–13–8—servts. £4–2–6.
Lodged with Robert Morris 500. Doll. He is to take out of it a small balance of 9. or 10£ for himself, also to answer any draught of Mr. Jay’s for house hire in Paris & the balance to my order.
Pd. milleners £4–3–1—pontage over Schuylkill 18d.
13. Pd. entertt. at Twining’s Newport £2–17–9—horseler 1/10½.
Pd. for a window spring 5/—charity 3/.
Pd. at Hollingsworth’s71 Head of Elk 11/6.
Pd. ferrge. Susquehanna 22/6—ferrymen 1/10.
14. Pd. entt. at Durbin’s72 Susquehanna 37/6.
15. Pd. washing at Baltimore 11/3—sundries 4/4.
Pd. entertt. at Grant’s £4–7–3—horseler 1/10½.
Pd. ferrge. over Patapsco at Dorsey’s 13/6 ferrymen 1/10½.
Pd. entertt. Mrs. Orcot’s73 18/6—ferrge. Queen Anne74 3/9.
17. Pd. Dr. Sprigg Upper Marlbro. 35/.
18. Pd. entt. Mrs. Gibson’s £7–4–3—horseler 1/10½.
Pd. washing 8/4—shoeing horse 3/.
20. Pd. entertt. at Ladler’s75 35/9—ferrge. 32/6—ferrymen 3/9 horseler 1/10½.
       Virginia Currency 6/ to the dollar. 
20. Pd. ferrge. at Portroyal 6/—entertt. at Fox’s 8/9.
21. Pd. mending Phaeton 6/.
22. Gave servants at E. Pendleton’s 6/—do. Littlepage’s bridge 9d.76
Pd. entt. Hanover C. H. 10/—barber Richmd. 1/3.
23. Pd. ferrge. Richmond 4/4.
30. Gave Jame for ferrge. to Elkhill 7½d.
May 1. Pd. ferrge. Richmond 4/4—pd. Mr. Wilson for a map 28/.
2. Pd. for a bottle 1/6—recd. of Thos. Warren in full £17–6.
6. Pd. for pins 1/6—gave Martin 18/.
7. Bought a horse (Sprightly)77 of Colo. T. M. Randolph for £75. paiable May 7. 1784. & gave my bond. He was foaled Mar. 12. 1779. Got by Sprightly out of a mare who was by Whittington on a Janus mare. A light chesnut sorrel, narrow blaze bending off over the right nostril, about 4.f. 11 I. high. Has a little white on his hind feet.
9. Gave Jame for ferrge. 1/6.
12. Pd. feeding horses at Murray’s 3/.
Gave water men at Mr. Gay’s 3/.
15. Arrived at Monticello.
16. Wm. Orr begins to work.
17. Gave Martin to buy sundries £6.
Pd. Vincent Rose78 for Will Beck 44/.
22. Recd. back of Martin £5–2–8.
Cash now on hand £27–18–9.
Pd. Giovannini 18/8 recd. of Jame 1/ pd. mendg. bowl 5/.
Gave Phill to buy sundries £6–5.
30. Pd. Wm. Reynolds 10. ℔ butter 8/2.
June 1. Recd. back of Phill £3–14–8—delivd. Giovannini 20. yds. oznabrigs.
2. Gave Bob for ferrge. to Eppington 4/.
3. Gave Phill to buy candles £4.
9. Pd. W. Reynolds for butter 6/—Watson 13/4—Orr 6/.
12. Pd. W. Reynolds for butter, wax, chickens 12/.
I owe Richd. Davenport for a beef £11–12–1½.
Pd. Stephen Hughes 1/3.
14. Pd. A. S. Jefferson £6–4.
Pd. W. Reynolds for butter 6/8.
Pd. Aggy Reynolds beeswax & a midwife’s fee 12/.
June 17. Recd. a horse (<Thor> Powhatan) of Doctr. Currie & sent him my note for £50 paiable Apr. 1. 1784. A light chesnut sorrel with a small star in his forehead.
24. Pd. Stephen Hughes 18/8.
27. Pd. Suckey Priddy for knitting 12/.
29. Gave Martin to buy sundries £4–2.
July 3. Recd. back from Martin 12/.
4. Gave Phill to buy sundries 6/.
6. Pd. Watson 12/8.
10. Recd. of Thos. Carr by Dr. Gilmer for my sister Carr £18.
Nat. Anderson as exr. of Jno. Carr having recd. some money of one Bunch, 37/6 of which was to go to my sister Carr, he has credited me so much in the acct. of beef I bought of him last fall, & I still owe him on that acct. 18/6 and am to pay the 37/6 to my sister Carr.
11. Sent my sister Carr by Jupiter £18.
Pd. Giovannini 12/.
14. Charge Will Beck 3. galls. whiskey.
Charge Watson & Orr 20 yds. check @ 2/ and a pr. of shoes each @ 7/.
17. Gave Peter Carr 6/8.
Pd. Betty Hemings for fowls 3/9.
26. Gave T. Shackleford for ferrges. to Eppington 1/6.
Aug. 2. Pd. Watson 39/4.
13. Richd. Curson mercht. of Baltimore with whom I left my sea stores to be sold has lodged the proceeds in the hands of Nelson, Heron & co. Richmond, being 88⅗ Doll.
16. The following smith’s accts. rendered by R. Gaines & to be charged.
Thos. M. Randolph from Jan. 2. 1782. to Nov. 10. 1782. £9–10–1
Nicholas Lewis. 1782. Feb. 1. to Octob. 25. 5–11–7
George Gilmer. 1782. June & August 3– 9–6
Anthony Giannini. 1782. Feb. 3. to Aug. 22. 0–18–9
Harwood Bacon. 1782. Jan. 7. to Oct. 13. 0–16–6
William Becks. 1782. Mar. Apr. May 0–12–0
my own Smith’s work from 1781. Dec. 22. to 1782. Nov. 26. 36–13–2
Retained the above accounts to settle myself and delivered the
following to Mr. Key79 to settle & collect. £  s d
Colo. C. Lewis’s estate (B. I.) 1781. Dec. 16. 1782. May. 16. 3–11–9
Note some wheat is to be credited in the above.
Barth. Kindred. 1782. March 13–9
Humphrey Gaines 1782. Feb. 9–6
Joseph Embree. 1782. Mar. 1. to Aug. 4. (to be indorsd. on my bond) 13–9
Henry Gray. 1782. March 2–0
Saml. Huckstept. 1782. May 13–0
Fras. Taliaferro 1782. Mar. 2. to May 9 18–0
Christopher Clarke (pd. to R. Gaines & by him to J. Key) 18–6
Robt. Sharp senr. 1781. Dec. to 1782. Oct. 19. 2– 6–6
Robt. Sharp junr. 1782. Mar. 2. to Oct. 19. 2– 2–1
John Alfin. 1782. Feb. Mar. Apr. (pd. to R. Gaines) 2– 0–7
Richd. Gaines 1781. & 1782. 3– 6–9
Note he is to be credited 37/9 for keeping the accts. 17–16–2
Pd.  Fontree for a lamb 7/6.
Pd. for watermelons 7½d.
18. Recd. of John Key 26/8—he pd. W. Beck for me 12/.
Gave bond to Richd. Bruce £67. paiable Nov. 1. 1783. for three horses.
Gave bond to John Kerr £20. paiable Dec. 25. 1783. for one horse.
19. Pd. Shadrech Reynolds for a lamb 9/8.
24. Furnished Vincent with goods to amt. of £4–9–8 by order of Giovannini to whom charge it.
Gave Jupiter to buy files 6/8.
30. Pd. Watson & Orr 13/4.
Sep. 11. I find T. Anderson pd. T. Upton an order of mine for 43/ which must therefore be credited him in law acct.
Recd. of John Key 48/.
12. Recd. of T. Anderson for opinions 48/.
13. Pd. Wm. Orr 12/.
15. Sent to Old’s forge80 for forgemen 6/.
Fr. Taliaferro being indebted to me by bond, I indebted to Edw. Butler £7–9–6, Butler indebted to Sam. Taliaferro, I credited Fr. Taliaferro so much, and S. Taliaferro credited it to Butler.
17. Recd. of Mrs. Chisolm to buy calico 34/.
20. Agreed with Joseph Price to serve me a year as carpenter. I give him £30. 500 ℔ pork & fodder for a horse & cow.
23. Gave Tom for ferrge. to Snowden 1/6.
Sep. 24. Balance of my acct. with D. Ross & co. settled to Aug. 18. 1783. is 14,971 ℔ tobo. and £214–7–11½ cash for which I <gave my> executed bonds this day, payable this fall. Note in this acct. was an article of £9–14–6 cash Sep. 12. 1783 which I do not understand. I delivered then 2 hhds. good tobo. & 2 damaged & picked which were to raise £70. for Elder’s judgment. Mr. Nicholson paid the money & took the tobo. which I rely will be credited @ the then price about 32/6 pr. C.
There was also an omission of a credit of 37/6 for 3. casks in a paimt. of Oct. 1. 1782. & an error of calculation in a credit of the same date £48–12–10 instead of £51–10. A marquee I had of Mr. Ross, his expenditures for my negroes in the smallpox, money recd. of him 1781. Dec. 10. & 15. 1782. Nov. 27. & Dec. 1. and a paimt. to him 1781. Aug. 16. were not in this acct. I executed the bonds however & write to Mr. Nicholson to correct these omissions.
Agreed with John Key to serve me as steward another year for £80.
26. Pd. ferrge. & ferrymen Goochld. C. H. 4/6.
27. Pd. entertt. Powhatan C. H. 9/.
30. Executd. bond to Dr. Currie for £215–17–6 paiable on demand for medical services.81
Recd. a horse (Raleigh) from Colo. T. M. Randolph. I make a Phaeton for him & gave him two horses the General & Alfred, for which he gives me Raleigh & releases my bond of May 7. £75. for Sprightly. Raleigh was got by Gay’s Fearnought out of a mare. He is 6. years old,  high, a chesnut sorrel, star in his forehead.
Recd. from Alexr. Nelson (Richmond) by order of Mr. Curson £26–4 which is 5/7½ too little by some error in counting.
Pd. Martin expences to Richmd. 7/3 & postage 5/8.
Recd. from the Treasury by Colo. Monroe as delegate to Congress 13. English guineas & 7. French do.
Pd. Wm. Short for Mrs. Moore £10.
Mr. Nicholson corrects the article of 37/6 ante Sep. 24. sais that the one of £9–14–6 was entered 1783. by mistake for 1782. and that that of £48–12–10 was rightly calculated. He will get Ross’s private acct. incorporated with my store acct.
Oct. 2. Gave Tom at Eppington 3/.
Recd. from Colo. TMRandolph a horse (Raleigh) chesnut sorrel, star in the forehead, two hind feet white, some white hairs mixed with the sorrel, docked long, 4 f. 10¼ I. high, 5 or 6 years old last spring. I have this horse & am discharged of my bond for Sprightly and give him two horses the General & Alfred & make him a Phaeton. I am not to find cushion or linings for the wings &c. nor harness.
Pd. ferrge. Goochld. C. House 6/.
3. Pd. ferrge. at the Fork going & returning 7½d.
Pd. Colo. N. Lewis’s Cretia 48/ for cure of a sore on Peter’s leg which she pretended to be a cancer.
Pd. for oats at Allegre’s 3/9.
9. Pd. my sister Carr the 37/6 mentd. before July 10.
Pd. Nat. Anderson exr. of S. Carr 18/6 the balce. of that beef acct.
Bought at public sale of S. Carr’s estate a sorrel mare and colt for £40–10 if paid by the 1st. of June next. If not it is to be £41–16 for which gave my bond.
The mare is a red sorrel with no white about her 4 f.–9 I. high, 8 y. old last spring, got by Gay’s Fearnought.
The colt is of the last spring, a mare, black, got by Johnson’s horse who was got by Baylor’s who was got by the imported Fearnought.
Recd. of Bartlet Cash (Amherst) for opn. 21/7½.
Oct. 10. On settlement with Dr. Walker was £40–11–9¾ in his debt for which gave bond.
Gave Mr. J. Nicholas my <bond for> assumpsit of an old order of James Marks’s for £40. with interest from spring 1773.
11. Bottled off wine. 121 bottles.
Measured horses
Assaragoa 5 f. ⅜ I. high
Odin 4 f.–11 I.
the Grey 4 f. 9 I.
13. Recd. of Mrs. L. Lewis to get a Doll 5/6.
Pd. for chickens of Giovannini 6/.
14. Pd. Stephen Hughes for jobs 26/.
15. Pd. do. 6/8.
Settled with Watson & gave him note for balance £25–8–5.
16. Left Monticello for Congress.82
Pd. for oats at Fretwell’s 5/3.
17. Pd. at Hayes’s83 16/4.
18. Gave Early at the cave84 6/.
19. Gave servt. at Mr. Jones’s85 3/—pd. for oats 3/6.
20. Pd. at Reub. Moore’s 12/—at Savage’s86 in Woodstock 8/9.
24. Gave in charity 3/—pd. Mcguire’s Winchester 3/4.
25. Pd. at Harper’s ferry87 32/—silver smith 2/.

       Maryland & Pennsylvania currency. 
Pd. at Yesterday’s88 3/6.
26. Pd. Morris’s (Catawba king) Frederick town 41/7—horseler 1/4.
Pd. at Tawney town 5/.
27. Pd. at Forsythe’s (Horse) McAlister’s town 29/.
Pd. for oats & mendg. axle 7/6—charity 3/9—ferrge. &c. Wright’s 12/5.
28. Pd. at Jeffery’s Susquehanna 25/8—Rykhart’s (Bear) Lancaster 9/2 barber 1/8—pins &c. 2/8—shoeing horse 1/10—oats at Weigh’s 2/8.
29. Pd. at Valentine’s (Ship)89 36/8—charity 7/6—ferrge. Schuylkill 17d.
Pd. at Thompson’s (Indn. Queen) Philadelphia 25/ barber 20d.
30. Pd. for file 9d.—book 17/6—Grant for ink pot & paper 18/9 Pritchard books 55/8.
31. Corkscrew 2/—inkstand &c. £4—Pritchard books 20/.
Pd. Condy90 instrumt. maker 30/1—pd. for trifles 3/6.
Nov. 1. Pd. Pritchard 7/6—Grant 5/—Bartram91 apothecary 3/6.
Pd. Bell for books £3–1–3—pd. for thermometer 52/6—Patsy 35/.
Pd. for shoes & stockings for boys 42/5.
2. Pd. for whip 17/2—gave Jame for passage in stage 17/6.
Borrowed of Jas. Madison 98 Dollars.
Nov. 3. Pd. ferrge. at Shaminy92 8d—do. Trenton 16d.—entt. Trenton 8/6.
4. Pd. barber at Princeton93 1/8.
5. Pd. Thos. Stockdon for myself 35/—for Jas. Madison £3–8s–6d.
Pd. Bateman for horses & servts. 38/3.
Pd. Doctr. Wiggins94 for Jas. Madison 17/6—Laurence for do. 34/.
Gave Jame to pay passage in stage 16/8—pd. barber 7/6.
Pd. entertt. Trenton 9/9—ferrge. at do. 1/8.
6. Pd. entertt. at Mcelroy’s95 Bristol (cross keys) 9/9.
Pd. do. at Red lion96 7/9—gave in charity 8/4.
7. Pd. for hat 32/6—bindg. book 2/6—seal 7/6—salve 11d.
8. Pd. Le blond 4/—for strap 1/.
10. Pd. Henry Moses sadler’s acct. £16–15–8.
11. Pd. Pritchard for leather 12/6.
Pd. Boinod et Gaillard97 for books £4–14–6.
Recd. of Rob. Morris order on the bank for 4754590 Doll.
12. Pd. for Concert ticket98 10/—Boinod for books £5–18.
Borrowed of James Madison 35/—pd. Mentz for chess board 35/.
13. Recd. of the Bank 250. Dollars.
Lent Mrs. House 22d.—pd. for linen for Patsy £3–7s.
Pd. for tooth brushes 7/6—pd. Mr. Madison 86⅔ Doll.
Pd. for trifles 3/9—gave in charity 7/6.
Pd. for ribbon 3/.
14. Pd. Quarrier & Hunter £10–2–6—pd. Condy 18/.
Pd. Boinod & Gaillard for books £4–18.
Pd. for ivory books 10/.
15. Pd. for do. 10/—for knives 8/.
17. Pd. Mrs. Davies for a clavichord £3.
Boinod & Gaillard for books 17/6.
Pd. for a trunk & pencils 24/—silversmith 4/6.
Pd. for cloak for Patsy 52/6—sundries for her £6–12–3.
Pd. for tooth brushes 14/ oranges 4/6.
18. Pd. Cenas99 the dancing master £3 entrance for Patsy. He is to have £3. a quarter.
Pd. Blunt for shoes for Patsy 25/—sundries for do. 10/.
Pd. for sundries 8/6—pamphlets 10/.
Pd. Bradford half subscription for newspaper1 20/.
Nov. 19. Pd. washg. 52/6—tung. clavichord 7/3.
Patsy removed to Mrs. Hopkinson’s.
20. Pd. Dunlap half subscription for his paper 30/.
Pd. for pocket book 12/6—mendg. violin 2/6.
Pd. Dr. Shippen £3.
Received of the bank by Conrad Haff 100. Dollars.
Pd. for knives 10/.
Gave Patsy entrance money for Bentley £3. He is to have £3. a month for teaching her music.
21. Pd. for stand for clavichord 15/10.
Pd. Moses the sadler £3–7–6—pd. James Starr 45/.
Pd. Dr. Bass for electrical cake2 &c. £4–17–6.
Pd. Quarrier & Hunter 37/—McIlhenny £3–15–9.
Pd. Bailey3 for books 16/3—Bell for do. 7/6.
Pd. Boinod & Gaillard for books 54/.
Pd. for watchchain 7/6—hammer 2/9—umbrella 40/.
Pd. Jacobs the barber 27/—Dudley4 £11–11–2.
Pd. washg. 7/—do. silk stockgs. 10/.
22. Borrowed of James Madison 170 Dollars.
Gave Patsy 8/6—pd. Mrs. House £29–5.
Pd. sundries for Patsy £3–18–9.
Pd. Heiltzheimer £19–12—horseler 7/6.
Billy 15/—the cook 7/6—horseler at Chester 1/10.
23. Pd. expences to & at Newport £2–16.
25. Pd. barber at Baltimore 1/10.
Repd.  expences to Annapolis to Mr. Mercer £4–0–8.
do. to Mr. Madison £3–5–6—do. Dr. Williamson5 21/4.
Pd. shoeing horse 6/4.
26. Borrowed of Mr. Jas. Madison his bill on Mr. Ambler6 333⅓ Doll.
28. Delivd. sd. bill to Mark Pringle to sell for me in Baltimore.
Recd. in part thereof from him £14.
29. Pd. for apples 1/3.
30. Pd. for a whip 17/9.
Dec. 2. Pd. for yd. of flannel 3/9—apples 22d.
8. Pd. for paper 6/—10. Mendg. watch 13/9—gunpowder 4/2.
11. Pd. for pr. shoes 20/—clothes brush 3/6.
15. Pd. for combs 10/—a ton of hay £6—1 bushel corn 4/.
Gave waggoner 22d.
Took possn. of Frazer’s stable @ £15. a year.
17. Borrowed of Colo. Monroe £17–5—18. Corn 4/6.
20. Pd. for pr. galoches 17/6.
27. Pd. for inkpot 1/—Davidson7 for sundries 51/.
29. Pd. for sundries 7/—1 quire gilt paper 4/6.
Sealg. wax 3/—oats 11/3.
Recd. by Mr. Williams from Mr. Pringle £56–5 in part for bill of excha.
30. Borrowed of George Mann8 £9–7–6 bank bill.
Inclosed to Saml. House9 Philada. for books £9–7–6. bank bill.
Recd. by Mr. Williams of Mr. Pringle 54–15. balce. for bill.
Pd. for corn 58/4.
31. Pd. John Brewer10 keepg. horses £15–2–3.
Pd. for sundries 2/6.
Pd. George Mann in full to this day exclusive £18–13s.
Pd. Colo. Monroe £17–14–6 balce. on settlemt. to this day.

47TJ’s long association with the American Philosophical Society began with his election as a member in Jan. 1780. He was first elected a councillor in 1781, attended his first meeting in Mch. 1791, and served as the Society’s president from 1797 to 1815 (Papers, iv, 544-6 description begins Julian P. Boyd and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Princeton, N.J., 1950- description ends ; Gilbert Chinard, “Jefferson and the American Philosophical Society,” Procs. Amer. Phil. Soc., lxxxvii [1943], 263-76).

48The Philadelphia printers and booksellers Melchior Steiner and Charles Cist had several different locations in this period (Brown, Philadelphia Book Trade, p. 31, 113 description begins H. Glenn Brown and Maude O. Brown, A Directory of the Book-Arts and Book Trade in Philadelphia to 1820, New York, 1950 description ends ).

49 William McIlhenny was a tailor at 36 Arch Street (Phila. Dir., 1785 description begins Philadelphia Directory, issued annually with varying imprints description ends ).

50 Thomas Affleck (d. 1795) was the leading cabinet and chair maker of Philadelphia’s “Chippendale” school (Bjerkoe, Cabinetmakers, p. 21-2 description begins Ethel Hall Bjerkoe, The Cabinetmakers of America, New York, 1957 description ends ).

51 William Mentz was a bookbinder, printer, and shopkeeper in Cherry Alley (Brown, Philadelphia Book Trade, p. 84 description begins H. Glenn Brown and Maude O. Brown, A Directory of the Book-Arts and Book Trade in Philadelphia to 1820, New York, 1950 description ends ).

52Quarrier and Hunter, Philadelphia’s most prominent carriage makers, were located on Filbert Street between Seventh and Eighth streets. An entry concerning work for TJ in their daybook for 1783, “Painting phaeton green, crests on the back,” probably relates to a phaeton belonging to Richard Randolph, in which TJ apparently made this trip to Philadelphia (“The Carriages Our Ancestors Rode In,” PMHB, xxvii [1903], 373-4). Alexander Quarrier (c. 1746-1827) moved to Richmond, Va., in 1786, leaving in 1811 for Kanawha County in western Virginia, where he engaged in farming and experiments with steam-driven carriages (Latrobe, Virginia Journals, ii, 550 description begins Edward C. Carter II, ed., The Virginia Journals of Benjamin Henry Latrobe, New Haven, 1977, 2 vols. description ends ; TJ to William Burns, 7 June 1812).

53The renowned botanic garden established in 1729 by the eminent botanist John Bartram was located in Kingsessing on the west bank of the Schuylkill River. At Bartram’s death in 1777 his son, John Bartram, Jr. (1743-1812), became the proprietor and later took his brother William Bartram (1739-1823) into partnership. TJ corresponded with both brothers and probably purchased a catalogue of the garden, first known to have been published in 1783. The house and garden, now within the limits of the city of Philadelphia, have been preserved as part of the city park system (Joseph Ewan, ed., William Bartram: Botanical and Zoological Drawings, 1756-1788 [Philadelphia, 1968], p. 15-18; Eberlein and Hubbard, Philadelphia, p. 226-44 description begins Harold Donaldson Eberlein and Cortlandt Van Dyke Hubbard, Portrait of a Colonial City: Philadelphia, 1670-1838, Philadelphia, 1939 description ends ). TJ probably crossed the pontoon bridge at Gray’s ferry (Jackson, Encyclopedia of Philadelphia, iii, 666-8 description begins Joseph Jackson, Encyclopedia of Philadelphia, Harrisburg, Pa., 1930-1933, 4 vols. description ends ).

54Persian was a fine silk lining fabric printed with a floral pattern (Fairchild’s Dictionary of Textiles, p. 449 description begins Isabel B. Wingate, Fairchild’s Dictionary of Textiles, 6th ed., New York, 1979 description ends ).

55These funds were for TJ’s use as a member of the commission named by Congress to negotiate peace with England. On 26 Jan. TJ and Major David Franks, his secretary, departed Philadelphia for Baltimore, where they expected to board a French vessel for the trip abroad.

56 François Marbois, later Marquis de Barbé-Marbois, whose twenty-two queries about Virginia brought forth TJ’s Notes on Virginia description begins Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, ed. William Peden, Chapel Hill, N.C., 1955 description ends , was secretary of the French legation at Philadelphia (Papers, iv, 166-7 description begins Julian P. Boyd and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Princeton, N.J., 1950- description ends ).

57TJ had been staying at Mary House’s boardinghouse at the corner of Fifth and Market streets since 28 Dec. 1782. Here, where he lodged during his succeeding Philadelphia visits in 1783 and 1784, TJ began a lifelong friendship with the widow House’s daughter, Eliza House Trist. Other boarders at this time were James Madison, Daniel Carroll, Ralph Izard, and William Floyd of New York and his family (Papers, vi, 226 description begins Julian P. Boyd and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Princeton, N.J., 1950- description ends ; Madison, Papers, vi, 182 description begins The Papers of James Madison, ed. William T. Hutchinson and others, vols. 1-10, Chicago, 1962-1977, vols. 11-, Charlottesville, Va., 1977- description ends ).

58 Porter’s mill was in Cecil County, Md., on Octoraro Creek about three miles from its junction with the Susquehanna River. Misinformed at Newport, Del., about the closing of the Susquehanna Lower Ferry, TJ and Franks made an unnecessary two-day detour in order to cross higher up the river (Griffith, Map of Maryland description begins Dennis Griffith, Map of the State of Maryland, Philadelphia, 1794 description ends ; TJ to James Madison, 31 Jan. 1783).

59Peach Bottom is on the Susquehanna River in Lancaster County, Pa., about three miles north of the Maryland border.

60 Daniel Grant (1733-1816) had in 1773 opened the Fountain Inn, long a landmark on the northeast corner of Light Street and Lovely Lane (now German Street) in Baltimore. From 1795 it was owned and operated by James Bryden (J. Thomas Scharf, History of Baltimore City and County, Maryland [1881, repr. Baltimore, 1971], p. 514-15; Matthew P. Andrews, The Fountain Inn Diary [New York, 1948], p. 13, 60-4).

61First the weather and then the risk of capture by British naval forces delayed TJ’s departure for France. The Romulus, the French warship on which he was to take passage, lay twelve miles below Baltimore. In order to learn the plans of its commander, M. de La Villebrune, on 6 Feb. TJ “got a boat and attempted a passage” to the ship, where he spent the night. British naval activity prevented any immediate departure and on 14 Feb. TJ received news of a probable provisional peace settlement. Now fairly certain that he would no longer be expected to go to France, he nevertheless remained in a state of suspense about his mission until 24 Mch., when confirmation of the signing of a peace treaty reached Philadelphia. On 1 Apr. he was released from his commission as a peace negotiator (TJ to James Madison, 7 Feb. 1783 and 14 Feb. 1783; TJ to Robert Livingston, 7 Feb. 1783 and 14 Feb. 1783; “Resolution of Congress,” 1 Apr. 1783).

62These handbills were no doubt copies of the 5 Dec. 1782 speech of George III, the first solid evidence of a probable peace settlement. TJ noted that it was published in Baltimore on this date (TJ to Edmund Randolph, 15 Feb. 1783; Papers, vi, 238 description begins Julian P. Boyd and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Princeton, N.J., 1950- description ends ).

63 Haym Salomon was a Polish Jew who had emigrated to New York City and then Philadelphia, where he was a leading financier and strong supporter of the Revolution (Charles E. Russell, Haym Salomon and the Revolution [New York, 1930]).

64 William Pritchard was an auctioneer, bookseller, and librarian in Market Street opposite Laetitia Court (Brown, Philadelphia Book Trade, p. 98 description begins H. Glenn Brown and Maude O. Brown, A Directory of the Book-Arts and Book Trade in Philadelphia to 1820, New York, 1950 description ends ).

65TJ’s reason for going to Chestnut Hill, now within the limits of the city of Philadelphia but then a village about ten miles northwest of the city center, is not known.

66Sal prunella, or prunella, was a preparation of saltpeter burned over charcoal, usually used to treat throat disorders (OED).

67A capuchin was a woman’s outer garment consisting of a cloak and hood.

68This is probably James McHenry of Maryland, who served in Congress from May 1783.

69 David Salisbury Franks (c. 1740-1793), a Canadian Jew who had been aide-de-camp to Benedict Arnold before his treason, was to have accompanied TJ to France as his private secretary. He was in Europe from 1784 to 1787, combining private business with a number of minor public appointments as vice consul, courier, and secretary (Hersch L. Zitt, “David Salisbury Franks, Revolutionary Patriot,” Pennsylvania History, xvi [1949], 77-95). For TJ’s opinion of Franks, see TJ to James Madison, 14 Feb. 1783, 30 Jan. 1787.

70 John Wood, Jr., was a clockmaker and merchant at Fourth and Chestnut streets (Pennsylvania Gazette, 18 June 1783).

71At least from 1791, Hollingsworth’s tavern in Elkton, Md., was kept by Jacob Hollingsworth, with whom TJ corresponded on agricultural matters and through whom he hired some of his overseers (MB 18 June 1793; Cecil County Minute Book, 11 Mch. 1791, Hall of Records of Maryland, Annapolis; Colles, Roads, p. 172 description begins Christopher Colles, A Survey of the Roads of the United States of America, 1789, ed. Walter W. Ristow, Cambridge, Mass., 1961 description ends ).

72 D. Durbin is shown living in 1789 on the Harford County side of the Susquehanna Lower Ferry, near present Havre de Grace, Md. (Colles, Roads, p. 173 description begins Christopher Colles, A Survey of the Roads of the United States of America, 1789, ed. Walter W. Ristow, Cambridge, Mass., 1961 description ends ).

73This is probably the tavern, spelled “Aukard’s” by Colles and “Urquhart’s” by Griffith, on the south bank of the Severn River near present Dorr’s Corners, Anne Arundel County, Md. (Colles, Roads, p. 178; Griffith, Map of Maryland description begins Christopher Colles, A Survey of the Roads of the United States of America, 1789, ed. Walter W. Ristow, Cambridge, Mass., 1961 description ends ).

74Queen Anne was a travellers’ stopping place on the Patuxent River about a mile south of present State Route 214 in Prince Georges County (Böÿe, Map of Virginia description begins Herman Böÿe, Map of the State of Virginia, 1825, corrected 1859, repr. in E. M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Description of the Country: Virginia Cartographers and Their Maps, 1607-1881, Richmond, 1975 description ends ).

75 Laidler’s ferry, about fourteen miles below Port Tobacco, crossed the Potomac River from lower Cedar Point in Charles County, Md., to King George County, Va. (Diaries of George Washington, ii, 87, iii, 40 description begins The Diaries of George Washington, ed. Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, Charlottesville, Va., 1976-1979, 6 vols. description ends ).

76 Edmund Pendleton’s residence Edmundsbury was located about eight miles southeast of Bowling Green, Caroline County. Littlepage’s bridge crossed the Pamunkey River from the southern tip of Caroline County to Hanover County (Mays, Pendleton, i, map facing p. 34 description begins Daniel J. Mays, Edmund Pendleton, 1721-1803, Cambridge, Mass., 1952, 2 vols. description ends ).

77For the horse Sprightly, see Betts, Farm Book, p. 94 description begins Thomas Jefferson’s Farm Book, ed. Edwin M. Betts, Princeton, N.J., 1953 description ends .

78 Vincent Rose (Vincenzo Rossi) was a Tuscan farm laborer who had come to Virginia with Philip Mazzei in 1773. He married, settled, and prospered in Albemarle County (Mazzei, Life, p. 198, 216-17 description begins Philip Mazzei: My Life and Wanderings, trans. S. Eugene Scalia, ed. Margherita Marchione, Morristown, N.J., 1980 description ends ; TJ to Charles Bellini, 24 Apr. 1799).

79 John Key, who had succeeded Thomas Garth in the fall of 1782, was steward of all TJ’s property until the end of 1784.

80Old’s Forge was located about ten miles southwest of Charlottesville on the north fork of Hardware River. John Old (d. 1809) was one of the founding members of the Albemarle Furnace Company, formed in 1771 with TJ as one of its shareholders. The iron ore was mined in the vicinity of present North Garden (Woods, Albemarle, p. 56-7, 291-2 description begins Edgar Woods, Albemarle County in Virginia, 1901, repr. Bridgewater, Va., n.d. description ends ; Wilbur A. Nelson, Geology and Mineral Resources of Albemarle County [Charlottesville, Va., 1962], p. 69).

81The bond of this date is printed in Papers, vi, 340-1 description begins Julian P. Boyd and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Princeton, N.J., 1950- description ends . TJ finally paid off this debt in 1808 (MB 13 June 1808).

82TJ had been elected to Congress on 6 June. He and his daughter Martha, with the servant James Hemings, took a western route to Philadelphia through the Shenandoah Valley, where TJ wished to examine some caverns he later described in Notes on Virginia description begins Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, ed. William Peden, Chapel Hill, N.C., 1955 description ends . He stayed for four days with Isaac Zane south of Winchester (Notes on Virginia, p. 21-3 description begins Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, ed. William Peden, Chapel Hill, N.C., 1955 description ends ; TJ to Zane, 17 June, 8 Nov. 1783). TJ’s route to Frederick, Md., can be followed on a probably contemporaneous MS itinerary with mileages in ViU (FC-2592).

83TJ appears to have crossed the Blue Ridge Mountains at Rockfish Gap. There was a “Hays’ tavern” on the eastern side of this gap in 1802 (TJ itinerary, ViU; W. L. McAtee, “Journal of Benjamin Smith Barton on a Visit to Virginia, 1802,” Castanea, iii [1938], 96-7).

84Madison’s Cave (see MB 21 Aug. 1771, cash accounts).

85 Gabriel Jones lived five miles from Madison’s Cave on the Shenandoah River near present Port Republic in Rockingham County (TJ itinerary, ViU; Waddell, Augusta County, p. 81-3).

86 Abraham Savage kept an ordinary in Woodstock, Shenandoah County (Shenandoah County Court Order Book, 1781-1784, p. 77, Shenandoah County Courthouse, Woodstock, Va.).

87This was TJ’s first visit to Harpers Ferry. He climbed a hill behind the tavern on the south bank of the Potomac River to view what he described as “perhaps one of the most stupendous scenes in nature” (TJ to Horatio Spafford, 14 May 1809; Notes on Virginia, p. 19 description begins Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, ed. William Peden, Chapel Hill, N.C., 1955 description ends ). A painting of the scene, given TJ by the artist William Roberts in 1809, hung in the dining room at Monticello (Catalogue of Paintings, No. 81 description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Catalogue of Paintings &c. at Monticello,” c. 1815. ViU description ends ).

88 Yesterday’s tavern was in Frederick County, Md., halfway between Harpers Ferry and Frederick (TJ itinerary, ViU).

89There was a Ship tavern in Chester County just west of present Downingtown on the road between Lancaster and Philadelphia (Reading Howell, Map of the State of Pennsylvania, 1792; Julius F. Sachse, The Wayside Inns on the Lancaster Roadside between Philadelphia and Lancaster [Lancaster, Pa., 1912], p. 8).

90 Benjamin Condy (d. 1798) was a maker of navigational instruments whose shop was on South Front Street, Philadelphia (Bedini, Scientific Instruments, p. 59 description begins Silvio A. Bedini, Early American Scientific Instruments and Their Makers, Washington, D.C., 1964 description ends ).

91 TJ’s Index, 1783-1790, does not reveal which of the sons of the botanist John Bartram he dealt with. Isaac, Moses, and John Bartram, Jr., were all apothecaries in Philadelphia in this period.

92Neshaminy Creek, Bucks County, Pa.

93Shortly before reaching Philadelphia TJ had learned that Congress, which had been meeting since June in Princeton, had decided to move to Annapolis. On 4 Nov. he attended the second day of Congress, which adjourned that evening to meet in Annapolis on 26 Nov. TJ may have spent the night of 4 Nov. in a room rented to delegates in the house of Thomas Stockton, a leading Princeton merchant (TJ to Isaac Zane, 8 Nov. 1783; Varnum L. Collins, The Continental Congress at Princeton [Princeton, N.J., 1908], p. 120, 196-7).

94Dr. Thomas Wiggins (1731-1801), a native of Southold, Long Island, and a Yale graduate, was a highly esteemed practitioner of medicine who resided in the Brick House on Witherspoon Street, Princeton (Stephen Wickes, History of Medicine in New Jersey [Newark, N.J., 1879], p. 433-4).

95 Archibald McElroy (d. 1806) had recently opened the Cross Keys tavern in Bristol, Bucks County, Pa. The building still stands at the corner of Radcliffe and Market streets (Terry A. McNealy, Bucks County Historical Society, to Editors, 19 Sep. 1980).

96The Red Lion tavern, on Poquessing Creek in Bucks County, was about twelve miles northeast of Philadelphia on the road to Trenton (Colles, Roads, p. 161 description begins Christopher Colles, A Survey of the Roads of the United States of America, 1789, ed. Walter W. Ristow, Cambridge, Mass., 1961 description ends ).

97 Daniel Boinod and Alexander Gaillard were booksellers on Second Street near Vine Street (Brown, Philadelphia Book Trade, p. 21 description begins H. Glenn Brown and Maude O. Brown, A Directory of the Book-Arts and Book Trade in Philadelphia to 1820, New York, 1950 description ends ).

98TJ may have attended on 11 Nov. the second in a series of fortnightly concerts in the “Lodge Room” of the Masonic Lodge at the corner of Exchange and Lodge streets. They were presented in this and the following winter by the English harpsichordist John Bentley (Pennsylvania Packet, 6 Nov. 1783; Cripe, Jefferson and Music, p. 18-19).

99 Gaspard Cenas, a dancing master from Paris, advertised that he would give lessons at his lodgings at the Sign of the Golden Swan on Third Street, or in private dwellings (Pennsylvania Gazette, 18 Apr. 1783). TJ was leaving his daughter Martha in Philadelphia so that she might acquire “a little taste and execution in such of the fine arts as she could not prosecute to equal advantage in a more retired situation” (TJ to Marbois, 5 Dec. 1783). Besides the dancing master, TJ engaged for her a tutor in French, John Bentley for music, and Pierre Eugène Du Simitière for drawing. She lived with Mrs. Thomas Hopkinson, mother of TJ’s friend Francis Hopkinson (see TJ to James Monroe, 18 Nov. 1783; TJ to Martha Jefferson, 28 Nov. 1783; Hopkinson to TJ, 4 Jan. 1784).

1 Thomas Bradford was publisher of the semiweekly Pennsylvania Journal and the Weekly Advertiser (Brigham, History, ii, 937-40 description begins Clarence S. Brigham, A History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820, Worcester, Mass., 1920, 2 vols. description ends ).

2TJ bought from Dr. Robert Bass, Philadelphia physician and apothecary, a type of electrophorus, an instrument for producing electric charges through electrostatic induction. Ezra Stiles recorded TJ’s report on this “new simple apparatus for Electricity,” which consisted of a “Cake or Amber-like plate” fifteen inches in diameter and a plate of metal (“Extract from the Diary of Ezra Stiles,” 8 June 1784, Papers, vii, 303).

3 Francis Bailey was an engraver, typefounder, printer, and bookseller in Market Street (Brown, Philadelphia Book Trade, p. 15).

4 Benjamin Dudley was an ingenious British artisan who had been invited to Philadelphia by Robert Morris to undertake work in the proposed U.S. mint (Papers, vii, 153-5 description begins Julian P. Boyd and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Princeton, N.J., 1950- description ends ).

5 Hugh Williamson (1735-1819) was at this time a delegate to Congress from North Carolina.

6 Jacquelin Ambler (1742-1798) was treasurer of Virginia from 1782 until his death. TJ repaid the money he borrowed of Madison in Philadelphia and Annapolis with the order of 11 May 1784 and by purchases, especially books, in Paris.

7 John Davidson was an Annapolis merchant, common councilman, and member of the committee named to locate accommodations for the delegates to the Congress (Bevan, “TJ in Annapolis,” p. 117).

8Until he began boarding with Mrs. Ghiselin on 4 Jan., TJ probably took his meals at George Mann’s hotel, the present Masonic Lodge on the corner of Main and Conduit streets. This hotel was the site of the public dinner given 22 Dec. in honor of George Washington, who formally resigned as Commander-in-Chief the next day (Papenfuse, Maryland, p. 343-4 description begins Maryland: A New Guide to the Old Line State, comp. and ed. Edward C. Papenfuse and others, Baltimore, 1976 description ends ; Papers, vi, 403-4 description begins Julian P. Boyd and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Princeton, N.J., 1950- description ends ; TJ to Benjamin Harrison, 24 Dec. 1783).

9 Samuel House, brother of Eliza House Trist, had recently returned to Philadelphia, where he established himself as a merchant (Papers, vi, 373 description begins Julian P. Boyd and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Princeton, N.J., 1950- description ends ; Madison, Papers, vii, 309-10 description begins The Papers of James Madison, ed. William T. Hutchinson and others, vols. 1-10, Chicago, 1962-1977, vols. 11-, Charlottesville, Va., 1977- description ends ).

10 John Brewer (d. 1788) kept a tavern and rooming house on Cornhill Street (Bevan, “TJ in Annapolis,” p. 118).

Index Entries