Thomas Jefferson Papers

Enclosure: Agencies of a Diplomatic Nature, 24 March 1804

Enclosure: Agencies of a Diplomatic Nature

Gouverneur Morris was appointed to London by a letter from Genl. Washington to enquire into the objections to the execution of the treaty of peace and on what terms G. Britain would enter into a treaty of commerce. Mr. M. was expected to be in London at or near the time when the letter would arrive there. I once enquired at the Auditor’s office, out of what fund he was compensated; but was informed that it did not appear he had any allowance. I conjectured however that the answer was given before due search was made.

John Q. Adams was ordered from the Hague to London to exchange the ratifications of the Br. treaty. He was allowed his expenses.

Samuel Sitgreaves, one of the Commers. under the 6th. article of the Br. treaty, was sent to London to assist Mr. King in stating and removing the difficulties which had occurred at the Board. I do not find upon record, after the slight search I have made, that his allowances are specified, but I think I cannot be mistaken in stating them to be a continuance of his salary as Commissioner and repayment of his expenses.

Mr. Dawson’s mission is so fresh in memory as not to need a statement.

In our barbary affairs, frequent instances have occurred of special agencies and of powers in their nature diplomatic being vested in persons holding consular commissions; such as

The appointment of Joel Barlow by an arrangement between Messrs. Monroe and Humphreys to assist in conducting the Barbary negotiations; in consequence of which he exercised personally and by substitution very important and costly diplomatic functions.

Messrs. Eaton, OBrien & Cathcart were authorised by the President to negotiate alterations in the treaty with Tunis, in pursuance of which Eaton & Cathcart proceeded to that city and executed the charge. The case of Mr. Davis at Tunis, without any commission, is well understood.

The expenses of these barbary negotiations are paid or payable out of the fund appropriated for Barbary purposes.

MS (DLC: TJ Papers, 236:42378); undated; entirely in Wagner’s hand.

George Washington sent gouverneur morris to Britain as an unofficial envoy in 1789 (Washington, Papers, Pres. Ser. description begins W. W. Abbot, Dorothy Twohig, Philander D. Chase, Theodore J. Crackel, Edward C. Lengel, and others, eds., The Papers of George Washington, Charlottesville, 1983- , 63 vols. Confed. Ser., 1992-97, 6 vols.; Pres. Ser., 1987- , 19 vols.; Ret. Ser., 1998-99, 4 vols.; Rev. War Ser., 1985- , 24 vols. description ends , 4:179-83).

In 1795, Washington asked John Quincy adams, who was then the U.S. minister in Holland, to go to London for the exchange of ratifications of the Jay Treaty (Syrett, Hamilton description begins Harold C. Syrett and others, eds., The Papers of Alexander Hamilton, New York, 1961-87, 27 vols. description ends , 19:112-13n).

For the journey by samuel sitgreaves to Britain in 1800-1 in connection with Article 6 of the Jay Treaty, see John Bassett Moore, ed., International Adjudications, Modern Series, Volume III: Arbitration of Claims for Compensation for Losses and Damages Resulting from Lawful Impediments to the Recovery of Pre-War Debts (New York, 1931), 350.

John dawson’s mission was to deliver the ratified Convention of 1800 to Paris (Vol. 33:232, 348-9).

joel barlow served as commissioner for negotiations with Algiers and Tunis in 1796 and 1797 (ASP description begins American State Papers: Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States, Washington, D.C., 1832-61, 38 vols. description ends , Foreign Relations, 1:553-4; 2:123-6).

alterations in the treaty with tunis: for the instructions to William Eaton, Richard O’Brien, and James L. Cathcart in December 1799, see same, 2:281-2.

Richard V. Morris gave surgeon George davis temporary charge of U.S. affairs at Tunis in March 1803 (Vol. 40:647).

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