Thomas Jefferson Papers

III. To Napoleon Bonaparte, 18 April 1803

III. To Napoleon Bonaparte

Citizen First Consul,

Circumstances rendering it expedient that Robert R. Livingston who has for some time past resided with you as our Minister Plenipotentiary should be in a situation to render other services to his Country, we have authorized him to take his leave of you, embracing that occasion to assure you of our friendship and sincere desire to preserve and strengthen the harmony and good understanding between the two nations. We are persuaded that he will do this in the manner most expressive of these sentiments and of the respect and sincerity with which they are offered.

We pray God to keep you, Citizen First Consul, under his safe and holy protection.

Written at the City of Washington, the Eighteenth day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand Eight hundred and three.

Th: Jefferson

RC (PHC); in a clerk’s hand except signatures; below signature: “By the President,” followed by Madison’s signature as secretary of state; addressed: “To the First Consul of the French Republic”; with seal of the United States. Dupl (Christie’s Catalogue, Item No. 171, New York City, 26 Jan. 1996); in a clerk’s hand except signatures; at head of text: “(Duplicate)”; with seal. FC (Lb in DNA: RG 59, Credences); in a clerk’s hand.

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