Thomas Jefferson Papers

To Thomas Jefferson from Anne Cary Randolph, 26 February 1802

From Anne Cary Randolph

Edgehill Feb: 26. 1802

Dear Grand Papa

I am very glad that I can write to you I hope you are well we are all perfectly recovered from our whooping cough I thank you for the book you sent me I am translating Justin’s ancient history I want to see you very much believe me Cornelia sends her love to you and has been trying to write to you adieu my Dear Grand Papa believe me your affectionate Grand Daughter

Anne Cary Randolph

RC (ViU: Edgehill-Randolph Papers); endorsed by TJ as received 3 Mch. and so recorded in SJL.

Anne Cary Randolph (1791–1826), eldest child of Martha Jefferson Randolph and Thomas Mann Randolph, was born at Monticello. At the parents’ request, TJ selected the name of his first grandchild. She became his “chief assistant” in looking after the flowers and garden and other out-door activities. On 19 Sep. 1808, she married Charles Lewis Bankhead of Caroline County, son of TJ’s close friend, Dr. John Bankhead, and Mary Warner Lewis Bankhead. He read law under TJ for several years, but then decided to become a farmer, purchasing Carlton, a farm of 800 acres adjacent to Monticello. He became an abusive alcoholic who could not take care of the property. In an effort to aid the couple financially, in 1815, TJ added 130 acres to the farm as a gift to his granddaughter. At about the same time, trustees were appointed to manage the estate. The couple had three sons and a daughter who reached adulthood. Anne died shortly after the birth of her son, William Stuart Bankhead. She was buried in the graveyard at Monticello (Monticello Association, Collected Papers, ed. George G. Shackelford, 2 vols. [Princeton and Charlottesville, 1965–84], 1:67–75; 2:39, 44; Betts, Garden Book description begins Edwin M. Betts, ed., Thomas Jefferson’s Garden Book, 1766–1824, Philadelphia, 1944 description ends , 341, 349, 352–3, 363, 367, 369, 380–2, 403; MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:1269–70; RS description begins J. Jefferson Looney and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson: Retirement Series, Princeton, 2004–, 5 vols. description ends , 1:245; 2:104n; Vol. 19:582, 644–5).

Justin’s ancient history: for TJ’s editions of Marcus Junianus Justinus’s Historia Philippicae, see Sowerby, description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952–59, 5 vols. description ends Nos. 35 and 36.

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