From Samuel Smith
Balte. 9. July 1801
Heretofore the Route for the Mail from Philadelphia to Pittsburg has been thro: Carlisle & Shippensburg to Chambersburg—but by a late Regulation of Mr Habersham, the Route is thro: York & Berlin to Chambersburg—This change has alarmed & greatly distressd the Citizens of Carlisle & Shippensburg, who are to Recieve their Letters from Philada. indirectly thro: Reading & Harrisburg—the Change has really an extraordinary appearance, and is Construed that Way—The good Feds of those towns say That because they have generally been federal the Change has been made by you, as a punishmt.
The Republicans say that Mr Habersham has done it of himself to make your Administration unpopular.—This Acct. I have Mr. John Montgomery of Harford County, whose family are resident at Carlisle. & from whence he has Come on Tuesday past—I have at his Desire mentioned the subject & must confess I feel for the Consequence of Carlisle (the place of my Birth)—
Mr. Montgomery says he has now little Doubt but Harford County will give himself & another Republican Electors—With sincere friendship
I am your Obt. servt.
NB—Mr. Montgomery says the Change of the Post he presumes may have been made from Misrepresentation, perhaps from Chambersburg—or he supposes it possible that the Deputy P. Master who he understands is a Violent Fed may have Acted from Improper Motives
RC (DLC: Madison Papers); endorsed by TJ as received 10 July and so recorded in SJL; also endorsed by TJ: “Refd. to Secy. of State. Th:J.”
On 10 July Madison observed that although Postmaster General Joseph Habersham was perhaps not “sufficiently in the views of the Administration,” he was greatly respected personally and politically “by some of the purest and most weighty” of the administration’s friends and would be difficult to replace (Madison, Papers, Sec. of State Ser. description begins J. C. A. Stagg, ed., The Papers of James Madison, Secretary of State Series, Charlottesville, 1986–, 8 vols. description ends , 1:393).
Deputy p. Master: probably Abraham Bradley, Jr., assistant postmaster general (Richard R. John, Spreading the News: The American Postal System from Franklin to Morse [Cambridge, Mass., 1995], 69–70).
William Smithson and John Montgomery represented Harford County, Maryland, at the meeting of the electors of the state senate on 21 Sep. 1801. Republicans dominated the proceedings, electing a Republican senate (Maryland Gazette, 24 Sep.).