Thomas Jefferson Papers

From Thomas Jefferson to James Monroe, 26 May 1801

To James Monroe

Washington May 26. 1801.

Dear Sir

In mine of the 22d. I forgot to write on the subject of Callender, tho’ I had reserved that, for some time, to make a part of the letter. D.M.R. has contrived to put the money in such a situation that I find we could not lay our hands on it without giving room for specious criticisms. that would be a gratification to which he is not entitled. it will moreover strengthen the reasons for laying the whole subject before Congress that they may not only refund but indemnify the sufferers under the sedition act. to take from Callendar particularly all room for complaint, I think with you we had better refund his fine by private contributions. I inclose you an order on Gibson & Jefferson for 50. D.1 which I believe is one fourth of the whole sum.

There is considerable reason to apprehend that Spain cedes Louisiana & the Floridas to France. it is a policy very unwise in both, & very ominous to us. accept assurances of my affectionate respect

Th: Jefferson

RC (DLC: Monroe Papers); addressed: “James Monroe Governor of Virginia Richmond”; franked and postmarked; endorsed by Monroe. PrC (DLC). Enclosure not found.

When the U.S. circuit court at Richmond found James Callender guilty of sedition in June 1800, Justice Samuel Chase imposed a fine of $200 (DHSC description begins Maeva Marcus and others, eds., The Documentary History of the Supreme Court of the United States 1789–1800, New York, 1985–2007, 8 vols. description ends , 3:405). For the handling of the fine by David Meade Randolph, see TJ to George Jefferson, 4 Mch. 1801.

1TJ here canceled “as my.”

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