Thomas Jefferson Papers

Statement of Account from John Barnes, 12 May 1800

Statement of Account from John Barnes

Thomas Jefferson Esqr: In a/c with John Barnes.

1800.
Mar 17 To Amot due pera/c rendrd:  £67.84½
" J Birch 5.–  
18 himself  50.–  
20 6 Bank Notes 470.–  
" Sloop Sally pera/c  15.33 
Aprl 1 himself  25.–  
3d J Roberts 318.39.
" himself  25.–  
Mar 22 Omitted do.  20.    
 928.72
 996.56½
Apl 4th To Balle due favr: TJ.
card, to a New a/c
}  247.18½
1243.75
Apr 5th To Wm Duane  25.–  
"   " Wm Phillips  10.50.
"  10 TJ for N York 200.–  
"  17. } Dr Wardlaw  66.25
Dr Jackson Dr Everet 43.14 109.39 
14 Sbs Jersey Blue 10.25 
16 himself  30.–  
22. J Francis 100.–  
23. J Hawkins 50.–  
May 6 J Anthony 28.–  
7 P. Carron 8.–  
8 himself    30.–  
 601.14
May 10 J Letchmore 15.60 
" McAllister & Co 11.33 
" W Duane 16.–  
12 J Savage 23.50.   
" C Cummens 13.95.   
" J Thompson 13.33.   
694.85.  
" S H Smith 42.66.   
737.51   
 
10th: 102 half Eagles 5. 510.
12 qr do. 2.50  30.
540.
dimes & ½ dimes in 3 Bags— } 250
Mr Nicholas in paper 450 1240.   
1977.51. 
1800    
Apl 4th:   By Qtr: Compensatn:
ending 31 Mar
1250:   
deduct ½per Ct Corns:    6.25 
1243.75.
Copy
Apl 4th   By Balle perContra $247.18½
EE:—   
May 10th. By your Note in my favr
  a 60 days for
1250.   
  pd disct   13.13  1236.87
12th     By T. Leipers Balle.
  of his a/c on 10 hhds Tobo.
  £48.4.9 Equal to  128.62½
1612.68 

MS (MHi); in Barnes’s hand, with credits arranged alongside debits but without aligning the dates; at head of text: “Rough Copy”; with checkmarks next to amounts of payments made on TJ’s behalf beginning 5 Apr.; endorsed by Barnes and TJ.

TJ’s financial memoranda give no first name or initial for Birch but state that the payment on 17 Mch. was “for plates.” The entry may refer to William Russell Birch’s engraved plates of views of Philadelphia, which Birch and his son Thomas published as a set in 1800. TJ was a subscriber to the work, and on 5 May paid $2 “in part subscription to prints of Philada.” (see illustrations; MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:1015, 1017; William Russell Birch, The City of Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania North America; as it appeared in the Year 1800: Consisting of Twenty Eight Plates [Philadelphia, 1800]; see Sowerby, description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952–59, 5 vols. description ends No. 4161; ANB description begins John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes, eds., American National Biography, New York and Oxford, 1999, 24 vols. description ends ).

Himself: entries so recorded by Barnes in the statement above were cash withdrawals by TJ. Those transactions all appear in TJ’s financial memoranda except for the one on 16 Apr. for $30, which he seems not to have recorded. After drawing the $50 on 18 Mch. TJ gave that amount “in charity” to an unspecified recipient, and on 5 Apr., two days after receiving $25 from Barnes, he gave a like amount again “in charity” (MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:1015–17).

TJ sent the $470 in bank notes, which he actually received from Barnes on 19 Mch., to George Jefferson for Thomas Mann Randolph (TJ to George Jefferson, 20 Mch. 1800; TJ to Randolph, 31 Mch.; MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:1015). For Barnes’s shipment of goods to TJ by the Sloop sally, see Barnes to TJ, 2, 6 Apr. 1799. The 5 Apr. 1800 payment to William Duane covered five subscriptions to the Aurora; see TJ to Thomas Mann Randolph, 28 Jan. 1800. The second payment to Duane, recorded by Barnes in the statement above as 10 May and by TJ in his financial record under 8 May, was for a four-volume edition of John Gifford’s History of France (Philadelphia, 1796–98). Duane had brought Gifford’s work up to date by continuing the narrative beyond 1793. TJ made the purchase for James Hopkins (MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:1017).

According to TJ’s financial memoranda the payment to Philadephia saddler William B. Philips (Phillips) was “for 2. pr. drawers for paper.” In 1798 Philips had furnished TJ with four cases for drawers (MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:982, 984, 1016). See TJ to Van Staphorst & Hubbard, 8 May 1800, regarding the $200 payment listed by Barnes above under 10 Apr. for transfer to New York.

On 17 Apr. TJ wrote an order on Barnes for the payments to David Jackson on behalf of William Wardlaw and Charlottesville physician Charles Everett (MS in Sotheby’s, 25 Nov. 1997, Lot 273, written and signed by TJ, with note of receipt signed by Stephen North for Jackson, endorsed; MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:980n, 1016). TJ made the order to pay John Francis on 15 Apr. The payment to John Isaac Hawkins was for the “Forte piano” TJ had ordered (MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:1016; TJ to Martha Jefferson Randolph, 11 Feb. 1800).

Philadelphia blacksmith Peter or Pierre Caron (Carron) provided TJ with two locks (MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 1017; Stafford, Philadelphia Directory, for 1800 description begins ornelius William Stafford, The Philadelphia Directory, for 1800, Philadelphia, 1800 description ends , 29).

Letchmore: Philadelphia furniture maker John Letchworth, who made TJ six Windsor or “stick” chairs (TJ to Barnes and to George Jefferson, both 19 July 1800). In Philadelphia the firm of Mcallister & Matthews sold hardware and personal items such as spectacles, canes, and whips (MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:1017).

In his financial memoranda TJ noted no first name for the Mr. Savage he paid on 12 May, which has led to the supposition that the recipient was the artist Edward Savage. In all likelihood he had recently painted TJ’s portrait (see illustration), and sometime prior to January 1802 he made picture frames for Monticello. If in this instance Barnes was accurate in noting the first initial, however, the payment on 12 May could have been to a cabinetmaker, a merchant, or a house carpenter, each named John Savage (MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:1018; Bush, Life Portraits description begins Alfred L. Bush, The Life Portraits of Thomas Jefferson, rev. ed., Charlottesville, 1987 description ends , 43–4; Stafford, Philadelphia Directory, for 1800 description begins ornelius William Stafford, The Philadelphia Directory, for 1800, Philadelphia, 1800 description ends , 108; TJ to Edward Savage, 10 Jan. 1802).

TJ recorded the first name of Cummens as Thomas, and paid him for barbering. An 1801 city directory listed a James Cummens as a hairdresser and perfumer. TJ ordered the payment to James Thompson, the proprietor of the Indian Queen tavern, on 10 May. It was for keeping a horse, and on the 11th TJ also gave a dollar to the unidentified “horseler” at Thompson’s establishment (MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:986, 1017–18; Cornelius William Stafford, The Philadelphia Directory, for 1801 [Philadelphia, 1801], 63).

Samuel Harrison Smith had published the Appendix to the Notes on Virginia; see note to Statement of John Sappington, 13 Feb. 1800.

On 10 May Barnes discounted TJ’s $1,250 quarterly salary payment at the Bank of the United States. The resulting $1,236.87, rounded to $1,240, produced the $790 in coins—half and quarter Eagles, dimes, and half-dimes—and the $450 for Wilson Cary Nicholas. The latter transaction was evidently done as a favor to Nicholas to pay a bill that had become due. Nicholas gave TJ a draft on the firm of Pickett & Pollard for $450, which TJ, in Richmond on 20 May, handed to Gibson & Jefferson for collection (MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:1017–19). For the disposition of some of the coins, see TJ to Madison, 12 May.

Tobo.: in early March Thomas Leiper gave TJ a note for $720 to purchase the six hogsheads of TJ’s tobacco and the four hogsheads of Thomas Mann Randolph’s crop that TJ had shipped to Henry Remsen’s care in New York. After the tobacco was weighed, Leiper owed the additional amount he paid on 12 May, $51.45 of which was for Randolph (MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:1015, 1018).

TJ wrote orders on Barnes on 6 and 15 Mch. 1800, the first to pay John Bringhurst $5 “for writing 6½ 4to. sheets” and the second paying $9 to Philadelphia shoemaker William Young (MSS in MHi, both written and signed by TJ, endorsed by Barnes, receipted by Bringhurst and by a third party for Young; MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:1015).

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