Thomas Jefferson Papers

To Thomas Jefferson from Tadeusz Kosciuszko, [15 July–5 August 1798]

From Tadeusz Kosciuszko

[15 July–5 Aug. 1798]

the obligation i ow to you it will be ever lasting in my heart, and shall always take the uportunity to show it venever the acasion will present or require it—I am happy to find that your Character is in So high esteem here every body from the first to the last give a testy monie in expresing the greatust respect and regard for you—as to the efects left by Niem: be so good to seel it for any monay be cause it will be spild by time, if he left the boxe with Plates turn in money also—I wisch that my first divident should be remited rather in January because i will vanted the money. I cannot yet give you acount of the afaires concerning America and Europe, but will indevour to stat the interest of both republiqus to be in friendship and peace I beg you would be so kind to mention me in the next Letter, to what Banker in Amsterdam my Dividend will be remited that in case i should want the monay i might draw upon him. you may rely upon my partiality towards america that i will do every thing in my power to prevent a war so injurious to both republiqus. and in that respect you will be my Star that will gide my indevours as you are True American Patriot, and so desinteresd man who chuse only the hapines of your own Contry. be assured also of my friendship, respect and Esteem for you—the time will prouve the inward sentyments towards you, and the time Show thier reality as well the sincerity of my affection and my heart Mr Shorte will deliver this and will say Some things my time is So taken at present that prevent me to say more and to give you an Acount of my voyage but hoever i am here in good health and sperit ready to serve my Contry, again. do what is in your pouwer that i may recive my money in due time and regularly. yours for ever.—

RC (MHi); entirely in Kosciuszko’s hand; undated, the date being assigned on the basis of internal evidence discussed below; addressed: “to Mr: Jefferson Vice President of the United States of America”; endorsed by TJ as received 25 Dec. 1798 and recorded in SJL as an undated letter from Kosciuszko received on that day.

Niem: Julian Niemcewicz. Kosciuszko’s references to his possessions transferred to TJ’s care by Niemcewicz and to the stock dividend expected in January imply that he wrote this letter after receiving TJ’s communication of 30 May. His inquiry about what banker in Amsterdam might handle his funds appears to signify that he had not yet seen TJ’s letter of 18 June. MR Shorte will deliver this: after postponing his plans to travel to the United States in the spring, William Short went to Vichy during June and remained there at least until mid-July. At some point he determined to travel to America with Elbridge Gerry, who received his passports from the French government on 15 July. Short went to Havre to embark, but by 5 Aug. changed his mind again and decided not to go. Presumably Kosciuszko wrote the above letter during the second half of July or very early in August, when he might have expected Short to make the journey. This letter was probably among papers that Gerry carried to Boston and asked Samuel Otis to convey to TJ, who returned to Philadelphia on Christmas Day (see Short’s letter to TJ of 6 Aug. and Gerry’s of 12 Nov. 1798; Shackelford, Jefferson’s Adoptive Son description begins George Green Shackelford, Jefferson’s Adoptive Son: The Life of William Short, 1759–1848, Lexington, Ky., 1993 description ends , 129–30; Short to Fulwar Skipwith, 13 July, 5 Aug. 1798, in DLC: Short Papers; DAB, description begins Allen Johnson and Dumas Malone, eds., Dictionary of American Biography, New York, 1928–36, 20 vols. description ends 7:226; MB, description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends 2:995).

Index Entries