Thomas Jefferson Papers

To Thomas Jefferson from James Simpson, 4 July 1793

From James Simpson

Gibraltar, 4 July 1793. He encloses a copy of his 29 June dispatch to TJ sent by the brig Bacchus of Philadelphia, since which there has been no interesting news from Barbary. Seeing no likelihood of a speedy accommodation between the pretenders to the Moroccan throne, Spain has sought to demonstrate her neutrality by lately sending one consul to reside in Safi under Muley Ischem’s dominion and another to Tangier under Muley Suliman. Last Sunday a Turkish bashaw, lately governor of the Crimea, arrived in Leghorn on his way to Muley Suliman’s court, some say to act as the Grand Segnior’s mediator between the two brothers and others for private business. The row boats from Oran that continue to infest the hithermost parts of the Mediterranean make navigation above Málaga very unsafe for unarmed vessels with American colors. The Moorish cruisers all lay totally neglected; none of the larger ones will ever be fit for sea again, and the smaller galleys are little better. Lord Hood sailed from here for the Mediterranean on 27 June with twenty sail of the line and about the same number of frigates and smaller vessels, joined by Don Juan de Lángara from Cádiz, besides the Cartagena fleet, with five three-deckers and three 70-gun ships. Other than deterring the ships at Toulon, the object of this grand fleet is publicly unknown.

RC (DNA: RG 59, CD); 3 p.; at foot of first page: “The Honble Thomas Jefferson Esqr &ca. &ca.”; endorsed by TJ as received 12 Sep. 1793 and so recorded in SJL. A Dupl recorded in SJL as received 2 Dec. 1793 has not been found.

TJ submitted this letter to the President on 10 Dec. 1793, and Washington returned it to him the same day (Washington, Journal description begins Dorothy Twohig, ed., The Journal of the Proceedings of the President, 1793–1797, Charlottesville, 1981 description ends , 265).

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