Thomas Jefferson Papers

To Thomas Jefferson from Thomas Barclay, 1 October 1792

From Thomas Barclay

Gibraltar, 1 Oct. 1792. Having nothing worth communicating from Barbary, he sends copies of his letters of this date to Geronimo and Joseph Chiappe. He wrote to the former at Tangier because Muley Suliman will probably arrive soon in Tetuán, where he will meet the consuls and make inquiries about the United States. It would be unwise to offend Suliman because his three or four galleys at Tangier “might prove sufficient to exclude us from the streights and from this port.” He wrote to Joseph Chiappe at Mogador in response to his assurance that Muley Ischem had expressed favorable dispositions toward the United States. Ischem’s friendship is of less importance to the United States than Suliman’s, though he does profit “from the Duties we pay on the Exportation of Mules from Mogadore.” Slema left the sanctuary and was defeated by troops sent by his brother Suliman to punish the inhabitants of Hyena for refusing to pay tribute. A reward is offered for Slema, and the eldest son of the late Emperor Yezid was reportedly killed while fighting in the action against Suliman. He hopes TJ’s next letters will instruct him how to act “under all probable circumstances.”

RC (DNA: RG 59, CD); 2 p.; at foot of first page: “Mr. Jefferson”; at foot of text: “No. 21 By Cadiz”; endorsed by TJ as received 7 Feb. 1793 and so recorded in SJL. Enclosures: (1) Barclay to Geronimo Chiappe, 1 Oct. 1792, directing him not to discuss the United States with Suliman at Tetuán unless Suliman demands it, in which case he is to state that Barclay cannot proceed to Morocco until he receives new instructions from the United States made necessary by the death of Muley Yezid. (2) Barclay to Joseph Chiappe, 1 Oct. 1792, asking exactly what Ischem had written about the United States, indicating that he cannot proceed to Morocco until the succession struggle ends or he receives new instructions from the United States, urging him to write under cover to Messrs. Lynch & Company of Cadiz, and promising not to make improper use of the intelligence (Trs in same; in Barclay’s hand).

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