Thomas Jefferson Papers

To Thomas Jefferson from W. Barry Grove, 12 April 1792

From W. Barry Grove

Philadela. Apr. 12th. 1792


I am not sufficiently acquainted with the facts and circumstances attending the case of Bayard v Singleton to afford any conclusive information relative to the transactions, or the principles of the Decision; I believe Mr. Johnson was engaged in the cause and will I presume give you the information required on the Subject.

In answer to your other Note, I can only say that I do not recollect any instance of our Courts refusing judgment for British debts: The Treaty of Peace has long since been declared the Law of the State by an express act of Assembly; Having always lived in a commercial Town, where many British Merchants resided before the War some of those left the Country at the commencement of the revolution and took with them their Books, Bonds &c. These have since been returned, and I am acquainted with many individuals who have paid those debts, and others who renew those Bonds &c.; this last plan seems to have been the one fallen on generally. I am further induced to remark a reason perhaps why more of the old debts have not been recovered in the Courts. The Currency of No. Carolina was made a tender, and the Creditors rather prefered indulgence than recieve that kind of money. There are some Debtors I apprehend who paid the amt. of their Bonds &c. into the Treasury of No. Carolina during the War under an act of Assembly. These Men will possibly avail themselves of that Law to evade further payments. I am Sir your very Hum Sevt,

W. Barry Grove

RC (DLC). Not recorded in SJL or SJPL.

Grove’s reference to your other noteindicates that he had received two notes from TJ—one inquiring about the case of Bayard v. Singleton and the other about the payment of British debts. The former, which has not been found and is not recorded in SJL, was also sent to the other members of the North Carolina House and Senate delegations (Nathaniel Macon to TJ, 12 Apr. 1792; Benjamin Hawkins and Samuel Johnston to TJ, 12, 13 Apr. 1792). The latter is the circular letter to Southern representatives and senators described in the note to TJ to Virginia Senators and Representatives, 11 Apr. 1792.

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