XIII. Population of the Northwest Territory
The Number of Souls in the Territory of the United States North West of the River Ohio A. D. 1790
|In the Seven Ranges of Townships|
|Ohio Company Purchase||1000|
|The French Settlement Opposite Kanhawa|
|Clarksville at the Rapids of Ohio||60|
|Vincennes on the Aubache inclusive of River du Chy Station||1000|
|At the grand Ruifseau Village of St. Phillip Prairie du Rochers||240|
In the Town of Vincennes upon the Aubache are about 40 American Families and 31 Slaves, included in the above Estimate. Upon the Mississippi also 40 American Families and about 73 Slaves which are likewise included.
Upon the Spanish Side of the Mississippi above the Confluence of the Ohio are
|At Genivieve, Saline and
a small new Village
half of which are Blacks.
|St. Louis||720 of which|
|120 are Blacks.|
|A small Settlement 12 Miles West.||100|
|A Settlement 20 Miles up the Missouri River||150|
MS (DLC); in Winthrop Sargent’s hand, except for totals which were inserted in pencil by TJ. Printed in New-York Journal, 31 Jan. 1791. St. Clair estimated the population of the french settlement, left blank in Sargent’s tabulation, at “about four hundred” (see enclosure, Document viii). A census of 1791 showed a total of 347 persons, 237 males and 110 females. Half of these were between 20 and 40 years of age, almost a third were between 1 and 20, and 29 were infants (J. Guion, “Etat de la population de la Colonie françoise,” 20 May 1791, MHi: Sargent Papers).