Thomas Jefferson Papers

To Thomas Jefferson from James Monroe, 1 June 1784

From James Monroe

Annapolis June 1. 1784.

Dear Sir

I have been favord with yours of the 25 by the last post with its enclosures and will pay due attention to the contents. Two points have been effected since my last, the puting the office of finance into commission and establishment of the committee of the States and appointment of the members. Each State nominated its own member and congress confirmd the preference. The committee consists of Mr. Blanchard, Dana, Ellery, Sherman, DeWit, Dick, Hand, Chase, Hardy, Spaight and Read; for the States not represented on the floor any member who produces credentials may take his seat. The members also may relieve each other at pleasure. These resolutions were introducd by Mercer1 and supported by Read, by which the appointment, if this rule continues (longer than the present Congress or rather committee), is taken out of the hands of Congress and vested in the delegation of each State and of course given it to whomever the chance of a popular vote may place at the head of a delegation, for those who pay a delicate attention to the sense of the State must take that sense from such evidence as appears to them. The powers of the committee are confined so that no injury can be effected. Sherman and Dana will necessarily govern it. Read and Spaight will be together. Hardy will perhaps be of the same society and as the part they will act will perhaps be rather an intemperate one, they will have no weight themselves and throw the indifferent states into the other scale. I shall sit out a day or two after the adjournment for Virga. and propose if possible to effect the purchase of the land from Markes and if necessary will go to Albemarle. I intend also to put in execution the plan I had in view of visiting the western country if no difficulties arise upon my arrival in Virga. You will please direct your letters for me to Fredericksburg thro’ whomever you think proper here. I shall hurry Mr. Short on if he comes by Annapolis but suspect he hath pass’d by Baltimore before this. I shall write you by the next post after the adjournment of Congress and give you information of our ultimate proceedings. The western posts are still before us and will probably receive their final arrangement tomorrow. The plan (the two points having pass’d by the vote of 7. States, the whole being consider’d as one ordinance) to send 350 of the troops from W. po[int] immediately to take possession of the posts, and to raise 700. men to [sup]ply their places. I think it will pass. The collection of Militia stores, arrangement &c. will be put under the direction of Genl. Knox. I am sincerely your friend and servt.,

Jas. Monroe

P.S. The inclos’d proceedings of the committee of our Assembly were forwarded to me for you to carry to Europe [with] you.

RC (DLC); partly in code. Noted in SJL as received at Boston 19 June 1784. Enclosure (DLC: TJ Papers, 10: 1705): Pages 13–14 of the Journal of the Virginia House of Delegates recording adoption of resolutions acceding to the amendment of the Articles of Confederation as requested by Congress on 18 Apr. 1783 by which state quotas for “the common defence or general welfare” would no longer be based on the value of lands and improvements, but on “the whole number of white and other free citizens and inhabitants, of every age, sex and condition, including those bound to servitude for a term of years, and three-fifths of all other persons not comprehended in the foregoing description, except Indians, not paying taxes,” the census to be taken triennially (JCC description begins Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774–1789, ed. W. C. Ford and others, Washington, 1904–1937 description ends , xxvi, 260; JHD description begins Journal of the House of Delegates of the Commonwealth of Virginia (cited by session and date of publication) description ends , May 1784, 1828 edn., p. 10–12; see also Monroe to TJ, 20 July 1784).

The resolution on the two points was offered by Monroe himself on 1 June (JCC description begins Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774–1789, ed. W. C. Ford and others, Washington, 1904–1937 description ends , xxvii, 499).

1This and subsequent words in italics are written in code and were decoded interlineally by TJ, who experienced much difficulty because of the incorrectness of Monroe’s code (see note to Monroe to TJ, 25 May 1784). The editors have verified TJ’s decoding, employing the corrected copy of Code No. 5.

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