From the Virginia Delegates in Congress
Philada. Jany. 30th. 1781
We were honored yesterday with your Excellency’s favor of the 15th. inst: inclosing Mr. Anderson’s explanation of his letter to Capt. Trott, and that of the 18th. enclosing instructions as to the Mississippi and requesting sundry military supplies, in promoting which no exertions shall be omitted on our part. Your Excellency’s letter to Congress on the subject of the Convention Prisoners and the unequal apportionment of the general resources with respect to the two great Departments was also received yesterday and referred to a Committee. The Resolutions of the General Assembly ceding the Territory N. West of the Ohio to the United States was laid before Congress at the same time. Although nothing has been yet done declaratory of their sense of them and although they are not precisely conformable to the recommendations of Congress on the subject, we flatter ourselves that the liberal Spirit which dictated them will be approved and that the public will not be disappointed of the advantages expected from the measure. We have pretty good though unauthenticated information that Maryland has already acceded to the federal Union.
Since the extinguishment of the Mutiny in the Pennsylvania line, some commotions founded on similar complaints have taken place in that [part] of New Jersey. But we have the pleasure to inform you that the prudent and seasonable remedies applied have re-established order and discipline among the troops.
We have the honor to be with the most perfect esteem & regard Yr. Excelly’s. most obt. Servts.,
james madison, junr.
RC (DLC: PCC, Portfolio 103); in Madison’s hand, signed by all the delegates.
TJ’s letter … on the subject of the convention prisoners: TJ to Huntington, 15 Jan. 1781. Maryland: On 30 Jan. the Maryland House of Delegates assented to “An act to empower the delegates of this State in Congress to subscribe and ratify the Articles of Confederation”; the Act was approved by the Senate on 2 Feb. and presented to Congress by the Maryland delegates on 12 Feb. 1781 (JCC description begins Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774–1789, ed. W. C. Ford and others, Washington, 1904–1937 description ends , xix, 138–40, where the Act is printed). Commotions … in … New Jersey: See Washington’s letter to the President of Congress, 23 Jan. 1781, read in Congress on 29 Jan. (Writings, ed. Fitzpatrick, xxi, 135–6; see also Burnett, Letters of Members description begins Edmund C. Burnett, ed., Letters of Members of the Continental Congress description ends , v, No. 625, note 4).