Thomas Jefferson Papers

29. A Bill Providing that Wrongful Alienations of Lands Shall Be Void So Far as They Be Wrongful, 18 June 1779

29. A Bill Providing that Wrongful Alienations of Lands Shall Be Void So Far as They Be Wrongful

Be it enacted by the General Assembly, that all alienations and warranties of lands, tenements and hereditaments made by any purporting to pass or assure a greater right or estate than such person may lawfully pass or assure, shall operate as alienations or warranties of so much of the right and estate in such lands, tenements, or hereditaments as such person might lawfully convey; but shall not pass or bar the residue of the said right or estate purported to be conveyed or assured.

But if the deed of the alienor doth mention that he and his heirs be bound to warranty, and if any heritage descend to the demandant of the side of the alienor, then he shall be barred for the value of the heritage that is to him descended. And if in time after any heritage descend to him by the same alienor, then shall the tenant recover against him of the seisin warranted by a judicial writ, that shall issue out of the rolls of the Justices, before whom the plea was pleaded; to resummon his warranty, as before hath been done in cases where the warrantor cometh into the court, saying, that nothing descended from him by whose deed he is vouched.

Report description begins Report of the Committee of Revisors Appointed by the General Assembly of Virginia in MDCCLXXVI, Richmond, 1784 description ends , p. 24. Text of Act as adopted is in Hening, description begins William W. Hening, The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia description ends xii, 166.

Bill presented by Madison 31 Oct. 1785, passed by the House 26 Nov., and approved by Senate 5 Dec. (JHD description begins Journal of the House of Delegates of the Commonwealth of Virginia (cited by session and date of publication) description ends , Oct. 1785, 1828 edn., p. 12–15, 51, 58, 72, 133). Text of Bill does not differ from Act save in the addition of a final clause putting it into effect 1 Jan. 1785.

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