Candidates for Army Appointments from New Jersey
son of A Hunt137
very strong perhaps Captain
|Stockton general terms|
|brother of Col Rhea142||Stockton—general terms|
|Stockton active young man of good connection fit for service||Attention|
|Bloomfield143—Dayton144 Lt. or Ensign|
|11||Andrew Hunter Jn.
Dayton Ensign 2
|Stockton son of Reverend Hunter for Ensign||Respectable|
|Rutherford145 genteel manners & education has been dissipated now reformed|
Dayton Lt. 6
|Gov Patterson146—of good family connections his recommenders good men||not much of any thing|
|17||William J Leslie
|Qr. Qr Ensign|
|21||Henry G Thomas||cornet or Ensign
|23||Joshua J Cozens
|24||James Eugene Parker||Horse|
Schurerman150 not personally acquainted
|Gen Bloomfield—generally well mentioned for Cavalry young man of property & excellent character from private to Capt expert in cavalry exercise||
|☞ likely to raise men|
|Neilson151 good character
Stockton confides in recommenders
|His own letter very well||
|Bray153 Fœderal principles|
|Schureman—sobriety & good morals|
|Young man of good character & appearance—good family||Respectable
Lieutenant or Ensign
|Howel recommends him strongly much interested for his success favourite of his|
|28||Samuel C Voorhiss
Dayton Lt. 5
|Gov~. Howel—respectability & good con~ reputation high among his acquaintance|
|Dayton Lt 4
Howel good connection
|may be in N Jersey
Writes very well
|McPherson young Gentlen sensible & accomplished good person honor Moores Grenadiers||very strong
|Davenport Ewing157 evidently has ability worthy son of a worthy father|
|Elmer158 well informed readiness in business—Giles|
|52||James Johnson||Rutherford on credit of Howel||Nothing particular|
|44||William Piatt||Howel—had discouraged them as too late though he thought them qualified much interested in Piatt son of an officer good character activity can raise men—good appearance courage||respectable|
|Taylor Monmouth||Howel general terms|
Writes good hand and otherwise well
|Freelinghinussen of respectable family attached to now resides at Albany, fair character||well enough
perhaps Ensign or Cornet
|Bayard159—now resides at Albany attached to G—will do honor &c|
|Jo. Neilson—general terms|
|White has observed his attention to duty|
|51||Thomas J Laurance
|Rutherford eldest son of Thos. Laurance late of Philadelphia nephew of Mrs. Rutherford no character||Inquire|
|57||Thomas Reading Jun
|Jo. Beatty160 activity & information moral can raise men||respectable|
|58||Robert I Champan||Lt. or Ensign|
does not write very well
|Stockton—van Imbergh161 deserves confidence|
|Imlay162—persuaded his claim is far||Not strong|
|van Imberg respectable parentage (cap) Militia Officer conducted himself well sober & diligent friend to his Country|
|65||Thomas Bullman Jr
only son of his father
|Sitgreaves163 knows his father well credit may be given to him ever in what he says of his son handsome & Genteel||respectable for Lty|
|John G Macwhorter
|Cummings164 Lt. of Lt Infantry refers to others||respectable|
|Dayton 6th. Capt or Lieut|
|A Hunt sober & steady Western expedition Lt. of Lt Infantry—qualified||Capt perhaps|
|Dayton 2 Capt
|R Coxe166 young man—now Adjutant & qualified||Strong, Lieutenant|
|Bloomfield company in six months service|
Dayton 3 Capt
|Freelinghuyssen commands a Mitia Batalion & has acquitted himself with respectable|
|5||Barnes H Smock||
4 Capt Dayton
see character Subalterns
A White Howel—2
|now of Chester Pensylva|
|Freelinghussen good Officer, has his confidence & esteem||respectable|
|served as an officer in Dragoons Lt last war||prefers Infantry|
|18||Robert C Thompson
Sussex County Dayton Lt- 2
Young Gentleman good letter
|22||Aaron Van Cleeve Jun~||Pensylvania
Howel is said to be worthy
|Dayton Lt. 3|
|Howel—college education will accept Lieutenany can raise men||Respectable|
|31||Gilbert D Lowe||Cavalry in preference|
now Capt of Militia
|Freelinghuyssen—good family merits attention as a citizen & soldier—Exped v Insurgens
Howel good politics—conduct dignified & respectable
|Howel good politics—conduct dignified & respectable|
|Howell wishes a Troop his father killed in our service—a married man of property intelligent mind & good person of integrity & honor||strong|
|37||Walter K Cole||now Brigade Inspector|
|Lawyer||Freelinghuyssen talents & respectability||respectable|
|40||Robert F Howe||Habersham169 Clerk 2 years in his Office well||respectable will take Lieutenancy|
|Stockton good family character & abilities|
Sussex C X
|nothing very specific but generally well|
|Stockton will do honor|
|42||Benjamin C Curtis
|Mr. Goodhue170 says he is of liberal Education & a fit character|
Hunterdon or Sussex
|Howel recom~ respectable|
|McCullough172 steady & creditable young man|
|Js Steward Temperate industrious active & spirited|
|Cummings speaks well in general terms|
|Officer last war||Note of Secy at War said to be addicted to liquor||Inquire|
|G. Patterson not personally acquainted but relies|
|63||Job Stockton||prefers cavalry||strong|
very handsome letter
|R Stockton young Gentleman of liberal education moral & political principles correct|
late of Middleton
now of N York
|R Stockton—recommenders good & think well of candidate|
|Howel good recommenders|
|Dayton 5th Captain Qr. if not in last war|
|Now Major of Artillery|
Prince Town former services
|12||Jonathan F Morris
|Freelinghuysen—worthy character||Col or surgeon|
|Brigadier of Militia||was a subaltern of Artillery|
|29||Samuel Craig||Howel when he knew him he was a good Officer||X|
|Officer of Pensyl line last war|
|Howel Ex against Insurgents appointed by G Morgan174|
|served last war||Morgan afterwards recom~||Respectable|
28 years old
|applies for a Regiment
son of General Dickinson
offer of service in Artillery
|served the whole of last war in Artillery as Capt|
|Abraham Kenny||See Capt 17|
|54||Benjamin Williamson||a Major or Capt of Cavalry|
|E Town||Dayton superior horseman & excellent officer||very strong|
|Cummings is in his opinion a very active officer of good abilities disciplinarian property & good principles||respectable|
|subaltern in Jersey line late war|
|Dayton 2 Major||his letter very well|
|Dayton—strong preferably to any other applicant|
|Doctor Aaron Foreman||Rutherford
|Jonathan T Morris—Surgeon Freelinghuysen as a surgeon|
|14||Charles Smith||Physician General||Stockton &c|
|Samuel H Philips|
|Benjamin Champneys||Howel & others||Dayton arrangt|
|John G Wynants||Dayton||Mate|
|William B Lindsay||Chaplain|
|Abraham Van Ness||Freelinghuyssen|
|50||Samuel G Roy||Surgeons Mate|
|1 Lt Col|
|Jonathan F Morris No||Somerset||Subaltern of Artillery
|Nathaniel Donnell||Dayton 1 Major 3||capt of Artillery last war
not on the list
|Abraham Kenny||Morris County 3||Lt of Dragoons last war|
|Aaron Ogden||Essex Lt Col. 1||Capt|
|X||Benjamin Williamson||Essex Major or Capt of Cavalry|
|William Shute||Essex Dayton 2d||Subaltern
|Gilbert D Lowe||[Walter]177 K Cole No. 1|
|John C McWhorter Essex 2|
|Robert C Thompson Sussex 3|
|John Eugene Parker Middlesex 4|
|William Potter 4 5|
|Samuel C Voorhies 6|
|Thomas Reading Junr Hunterton 7|
|Thomas Bullman Ensign No. 1|
|Charles Read Burlington 2|
|Heathcote Johnson 3|
|Henry Drake Middlesex 4|
|James Rhea 5|
|William Pratt Hunterdon 6|
|Aaron Ogden||Lt Colonel|
|Almerine Brooks||No. 1||[relative rank]|
|Walter K Cole||1|
|John C Macwhorter||Essex||2|
|Robert C Thompson||Sussex||3|
|John Eugene Parker||Middlesex||4||- cavalry|
|William Potter||[Bridge Town]178||5|
|Samuel C Voorhess||[Middlesex]179||6|
|Thomas Reading Jun||Hunterdon||7|
136. AD, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress.
In this list of recommendations for Army appointments, those recommended have not been identified. Wherever possible, however, the individuals making the recommendations have been identified.
137. Abraham Hunt, a resident of Trenton, New Jersey, was a contractor furnishing supplies for the United States Army.
138. Richard Stockton, a Federalist from Princeton, New Jersey, was elected to the United States Senate in 1796 to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Frederick Frelinghuysen. He served in that position until March, 1799.
139. Richard Howell, a veteran of the American Revolution and a Federalist, was governor of New Jersey from 1793 to 1801.
140. Philemon Dickinson, a resident of Trenton, New Jersey, and a veteran of the American Revolution, was elected to the United States Senate in 1790 to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William Paterson. He served in that position until 1793.
141. Secretary of State Timothy Pickering.
142. During the American Revolution, David Rhea was first a major and then a lieutenant colonel in the Second New Jersey Regiment.
143. Joseph Bloomfield, a veteran of the American Revolution, was a resident of Burlington, New Jersey. From 1795 to 1800 he was mayor of Burlington.
144. Jonathan Dayton.
145. John Rutherfurd was a Federalist member of the United States Senate from 1791 to 1798.
146. William Paterson was a Federalist member of the United States Senate from 1789 to 1790, when he was elected governor of New Jersey. He served in that capacity from 1790 to 1793. From 1793 until his death in 1806 he was an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
147. Anthony Walton White.
148. Andrew Bell, a resident of Perth Amboy, New Jersey, was a Loyalist who served as a private secretary to Sir Henry Clinton during the American Revolution. In 1800 he became collector of the district and inspector of the revenue for the port of Perth Amboy (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 314).
149. Frederick Frelinghuysen, a veteran of the American Revolution, was elected as a Federalist to the United States Senate. He served from 1793 until his resignation in 1796.
150. James Schureman, a Federalist from New Brunswick, New Jersey, and a veteran of the American Revolution, was a member of the House of Representatives from 1789 to 1791 and again from 1797 to 1799, when he became a United States Senator.
151. John Neilson, a veteran of the American Revolution and a resident of New Brunswick, New Jersey, was elected to the Continental Congress in 1778, but there is evidence that he never attended (Edmund C. Burnett, ed., Letters of Members of the Continental Congress [Washington, D.C., 1921–1938], III, lvi; IV, lvii).
152. William H. Smith, a physician from Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, had been a surgeon’s mate in the hospital department during the American Revolution.
154. Franklin Davenport, a nephew of Benjamin Franklin, was a resident of Woodbury, New Jersey, and a veteran of the American Revolution. He was a member of the New Jersey Assembly from 1786 to 1789. In December, 1798, he was appointed to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by John Rutherfurd’s resignation, and he served until 1799.
155. Elijah Clark was a resident of Woodbury, New Jersey.
156. James B. Caldwell was a resident of Woodbury, New Jersey.
157. James Ewing was the commissioner of loans for New Jersey.
158. Jonathan Elmer, a resident of Bridgeton, New Jersey, was a member of the Continental Congress from 1776 to 1778, 1781 to 1784, and 1787 to 1788. He served as a Federalist in the United States Senate from 1789 to 1791.
159. John Bayard, a resident of New Brunswick, New Jersey, was mayor of that city in 1790. Before he moved to New Jersey, he was a prominent Philadelphia merchant and a member of the Pennsylvania Assembly from 1776 to 1779 and again in 1784.
160. John Beatty, a veteran of the American Revolution, was originally a resident of Pennsylvania. He moved to New Jersey and served as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1784 and 1785 and as a member of the House of Representatives from 1793 to 1795. In 1795 he became Secretary of State of New Jersey, and he held that position until 1805.
161. John Van Emburgh was a resident of Bordentown, New Jersey.
162. James H. Imlay, a resident of Monmouth County, New Jersey, was a member of the New Jersey Assembly from 1793 to 1796 and a member of the House of Representatives from 1797 to 1801.
163. Samuel Sitgreaves, a resident of Easton, Pennsylvania, was elected to the House of Representatives as a Federalist and served from 1795 to 1798. On August 11, 1798, he was appointed one of the commissioners for implementing Article 6 of the Jay Treaty (John Bassett Moore, ed., International Adjudications: Ancient and Modern, History and Documents, Together with Mediatorial Reports, Advisory Opinions, and the Decisions of Domestic Commissions, on International Claims [New York, 1931], III, 18, and note 1).
164. John N. Cummings of New Jersey held the rank of lieutenant colonel commandant at the end of the American Revolution.
165. Elisha Boudinot was a Newark, New Jersey, lawyer.
166. Richard Coxe of New Jersey held the rank of major at the end of the American Revolution.
167. Robert Hoops was the brother of Adam Hoops, who had surveyed the Genesee country for Robert Morris. In 1789 and 1790 Robert Hoops was a member of the New Jersey Legislative Council.
168. Robert Stockton of Somerset County was a member of the New Jersey General Assembly in 1790, 1791, 1793, and from 1795 to 1796.
169. Joseph Habersham had been a partner in the Savannah mercantile firm of Joseph Clay and Company. During the American Revolution he became a colonel in the Continental Army. After the war he was twice speaker of the Georgia General Assembly, a delegate to the Continental Congress, and a member of the Georgia Ratifying Convention. On February 24, 1795, Washington nominated him Postmaster General, and the Senate confirmed the appointment on the following day (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 173, 174).
170. Benjamin Goodhue of Salem, Massachusetts, was a Federalist. He was a member of the Massachusetts General Court from 1780 to 1782 and of the state Senate from 1785 to 1788. He was elected to the House of Representatives and served from 1789 to 1796. In 1796 he was elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by George Cabot’s resignation, a position he held until 1800.
171. During the American Revolution, Stewart was a colonel of the New Jersey militia. From 1777 to 1782 he was commissary general of issues.
172. William McCullough of Sussex County was a member of the New Jersey General Assembly from 1793 to 1797.
173. In the George Washington Papers, Library of Congress, there is a list in the handwriting of Tobias Lear of candidates from New Jersey for Army appointments. The first entry on this list and the only one in H’s handwriting reads: “Almerine Brooks—first Dayton.”
174. Daniel Morgan, who held the rank of brigadier general at the end of the American Revolution, was in command of the Virginia militia during the Whiskey Insurrection.
175. Ebenezer Stevens, formerly of Rhode Island, held the rank of lieutenant colonel of the Second Continental Artillery at the close of the American Revolution. After the war he became a merchant in New York City. In 1794 the New York legislature named him to a seven-man committee in charge of the fortification of New York City, and in the same year he was first appointed War Department agent for the fortification of New York City, a position he also held in 1798. See Henry Knox to H, March 29, 1794, note 5; Stevens to H, December 1, 1794; the introductory note to H to McHenry, June 1, 1798.
176. Samuel Hodgdon had served in the commissary department of the Continental Army during the American Revolution. From March 4, 1791, until April 12, 1792, he was quartermaster general of the United States Army, and from the fall of 1792 until June, 1794, he served as Army storekeeper at Philadelphia. In June, 1794, he was appointed superintendent of military stores. See H to Knox, June 20, 1794, note 1.
177. This word is not in H’s handwriting.
178. This word is not in H’s handwriting.
179. This word in not in H’s handwriting.