Alexander Hamilton Papers
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Enclosure: Candidates for Army Appointments from New Jersey, [21 August 1798]

Candidates for Army Appointments from New Jersey


6 Robert Hunt
son of A Hunt137
Lieutenant  Qr Cavalry }
Stockton138 } liberal education
& unblemished
refers to Howel139
G. Dickinson140—read law decided fœderalist
Pickering141 promising abilities great modesty good understandn
very strong perhaps Captain
Stockton general terms
7 James Rhea Attention
brother of Col Rhea142 Stockton—general terms
9 Charles Reed
Stockton active young man of good connection fit for service Attention
Bloomfield143Dayton144 Lt. or Ensign
11 Andrew Hunter Jn.
Dayton Ensign 2
Stockton son of Reverend Hunter for Ensign Respectable
Rutherford145 genteel manners & education   has been dissipated now reformed
16 Heathcote Johnston
Dayton Lt. 6
Gov Patterson146—of good family connections his recommenders good men not much of any thing
A White147 no doubt he will fulfil the duties of his station
Bell148 &c
17 William J Leslie
New Brunswick
    young man of fair character
Gov Patterson
A White
Qr. Qr Ensign
21 Henry G Thomas cornet or Ensign
no recommendation
23 Joshua J Cozens
no recommendation
24 James Eugene Parker Horse
Breadun Heard
Schurerman150 not personally acquainted
Writes ill
Gen Bloomfield—generally well mentioned for Cavalry young man of property & excellent character from private to Capt expert in cavalry exercise
Not very strong
Lt. 3
likely to raise men
25 Henry Drake
New Brunswick
22 years
Neilson151 good character
G Patterson
Stockton confides in recommenders
Tolerably Respectable
His own letter very well
   Student of Medicine
Smith152 } College Education
Physician Sobriety & honor abilities
Bray153   Fœderal principles
Schureman—sobriety & good morals
34 Thomas Tallman
Young man of good character & appearance—good family Respectable
Lieutenant or Ensign
Howel recommends him strongly much interested for his success favourite of his
28 Samuel C Voorhiss
Dayton Lt. 5
F Davenport154 } young Gentleman of good abilities & good morals Promise of merit
E Clark155
J B Caldwell156
Respectable Ensign
perhaps Lieutenant
Gov~. Howel—respectability & good con~ reputation high among his acquaintance
33 William Potter
Dayton Lt 4
Howel good connection
may be in N Jersey
Writes very well
McPherson young Gentlen sensible & accomplished good person honor Moores Grenadiers very strong
perhaps Captain
Davenport Ewing157 evidently has ability worthy son of a worthy father
Elmer158 well informed readiness in business—Giles
52 James Johnson Rutherford on credit of Howel Nothing particular
44 William Piatt Howel—had discouraged them as too late though he thought them qualified much interested in Piatt son of an officer good character activity can raise men—good appearance courage respectable
Taylor Monmouth Howel general terms
49 George Davis
New Brunswick
Writes good hand and otherwise well
Freelinghinussen of respectable family attached to now resides at Albany, fair character well enough
perhaps Ensign or Cornet
Bayard159—now resides at Albany attached to G—will do honor &c
Jo. Neilson—general terms
White has observed his attention to duty
51 Thomas J Laurance
22 years
Rutherford eldest son of Thos. Laurance late of Philadelphia nephew of Mrs. Rutherford no character Inquire
56 Richard Jaques
New Brunswick
} respectable parentage
good moral character & political principles
now Cornet active & attentive to duty
57 Thomas Reading Jun
Jno Bayard & others } fit and capable for Lt
good family & character
Jo. Beatty160 activity & information moral can raise men respectable
58 Robert I Champan Lt. or Ensign
Allen Town
does not write very well
Stockton—van Imbergh161 deserves confidence
Imlay162—persuaded his claim is far Not strong
van Imberg respectable parentage (cap) Militia Officer conducted himself well sober & diligent friend to his Country
65 Thomas Bullman Jr
Easton Sussex
only son of his father
21 years
Sitgreaves163 knows his father well credit may be given to him ever in what he says of his son handsome & Genteel respectable for Lty
John G Macwhorter
New Ark
Cummings164 Lt. of Lt Infantry refers to others respectable
Boudinot165 strong
Dayton 6th. Capt or Lieut
1 Charles Marls
Borden Town
A Hunt sober & steady Western expedition Lt. of Lt Infantry—qualified Capt perhaps
Dayton 2 Capt
R Coxe166 young man—now Adjutant & qualified Strong, Lieutenant
Bloomfield company in six months service
4 Clement Woods
Morris County
Dayton 3 Capt
Stockton refers to How } generally able & vigilant
pretty well
Freelinghuyssen commands a Mitia Batalion & has acquitted himself with respectable
5 Barnes H Smock
Stockton refers to Howel } in general terms able & vigilant Officer
6 Robert Hunt
4 Capt Dayton
Rutherford S
see character Subalterns
A White Howel—2
15 Abraham Bayley
Schureman & others } a good citizen and valuable officer—Capt of Dragoons unblemished honor & integrity good fœderalist—against Insurgeans
would prefer Cavalry
now of Chester Pensylva
17 Abraham Kenney
Morris County
Freelinghussen good Officer, has his confidence & esteem respectable
served as an officer in Dragoons Lt last war prefers Infantry
18 Robert C Thompson
Sussex County Dayton Lt- 2
Young Gentleman good letter
Rob Hoops167 } assure from personal knowlege he has an unblemished character—friend to Government has commanded a troop of horse—will do honor against Western Insurgents
G Howell
Rob Stockton168
J Dayton
22 Aaron Van Cleeve Jun~ Pensylvania
Howel is said to be worthy
Dayton Lt. 3
27 Abner Woodruff
Howel—college education will accept Lieutenany can raise men Respectable
Rutherford S
31 Gilbert D Lowe Cavalry in preference
now Capt of Militia
Freelinghuyssen—good family merits attention as a citizen & soldier—Exped v Insurgens
Howel good politics—conduct dignified & respectable
pretty respectable
Howel good politics—conduct dignified & respectable
John White
Bridge Town
Howell wishes a Troop his father killed in our service—a married man of property intelligent mind & good person of integrity & honor strong
37 Walter K Cole now Brigade Inspector
Lawyer Freelinghuyssen talents & respectability respectable
40 Robert F Howe Habersham169   Clerk 2 years in his Office well respectable will take Lieutenancy
Stockton   good family character & abilities
application withdrawn
41 Robert Morrison
Sussex C X
Howel & others { suitable char: for Capt of foot abilities intitle him
nothing very specific but generally well
Stockton will do honor
42 Benjamin C Curtis
Inhabitants of Bergen } liberal education firmness & spirit attached to the Governmt
well enough
Militia Officers
Mr. Goodhue170 says he is of liberal Education & a fit character
44 William Pratt
Hunterdon or Sussex
Charles Stewart171 & others } young man of good character well attached to Govt. & son of a father who died in the service in his Country
perhaps Ensign
Howel recom~ respectable
McCullough172 steady & creditable young man
Js Steward  Temperate industrious active & spirited
55 Jacob Heyer
Cummings speaks well in general terms
Officer last war Note of Secy at War said to be addicted to liquor Inquire
61 Denise Foreman
G. Patterson not personally acquainted but relies
White served on Western Expedition } sober honest brave & worthy & of good connections
63 Job Stockton prefers cavalry strong
very handsome letter
R Stocktonyoung Gentleman of liberal education moral & political principles correct
67 Fenwick Lyall
late of Middleton
now of N York
Freelinghuyssen & others } good moral character firm & determined well qualified for command of a Company
R Stockton—recommenders good & think well of candidate
Howel good recommenders
John Gifford
New Ark
Dayton 5th Captain Qr. if not in last war
Robert Hoops
Sussex County
Stockdon } strong—as to moral qualities talented & spirit established character & popularity
St Greaves
Now Major of Artillery
3 Jonathan Snowden
Prince Town former services
No recommendation
writes ill
12 Jonathan F Morris
Freelinghuysen—worthy character Col or surgeon
Brigadier of Militia was a subaltern of Artillery
29 Samuel Craig Howel when he knew him he was a good Officer X
Officer of Pensyl line last war
32 Almerine Brooks173
Howel Ex against Insurgents appointed by G Morgan174
served last war Morgan afterwards recom~ Respectable
1 Capt
} knowlege of service can’t be excelled—would deserve a Regiment disciplinarian
Samuel Dickinson
28 years old
applies for a Regiment
son of General Dickinson
39 Adam Hoops Regiment
offer of service in Artillery
43 Nathaniel Donnell
E Stevens175 } served as a Capt under his command served faithfully & much to his honor & reputation
Not strong
served the whole of last war in Artillery as Capt
Dayton arrangt }
17 }
Abraham Kenny See Capt 17
Morris County
53 Aaron Ogden
E Town
Dayton more active intelligent & spirited officer cannot be found
Howel better qualified to command a Regt than any person yet named to him
54 Benjamin Williamson a Major or Capt of Cavalry
E Town Dayton superior horseman & excellent officer very strong
59 William Shute
Elizabeth Town
Cummings is in his opinion a very active officer of good abilities disciplinarian property & good principles respectable
subaltern in Jersey line late war
Dayton 2 Major his letter very well
Dayton—strong preferably to any other applicant
8 John Howel Stockton
Doctor Aaron Foreman Rutherford
Jonathan T Morris—Surgeon Freelinghuysen as a surgeon
14 Charles Smith Physician General Stockton &c
Samuel H Philips
Benjamin Champneys Howel & others Dayton arrangt
John G Wynants Dayton Mate
William B Lindsay Chaplain
Abraham Van Ness Freelinghuyssen
50 Samuel G Roy Surgeons Mate
64 Elijah Rosegrant Mate

1 Lt Col
1 Major
6 Capts
6 Lts
6 Ensigns
Field Officers
Jonathan F Morris No Somerset Subaltern of Artillery
last war
Nathaniel Donnell Dayton 1 Major   3 capt of Artillery last war
not on the list
Abraham Kenny Morris County   3 Lt of Dragoons last war
Aaron Ogden Essex Lt Col.   1 Capt
X Benjamin Williamson Essex Major or Capt of Cavalry
William Shute Essex Dayton 2d Subaltern
late War
Gilbert D Lowe [Walter]177 K Cole No. 1
John C McWhorter   Essex 2
Robert C Thompson   Sussex 3
John Eugene Parker   Middlesex 4
William Potter 4  5
Samuel C Voorhies 6
Thomas Reading Junr   Hunterton 7
Thomas Bullman   Ensign No. 1
Charles Read Burlington 2
Heathcote Johnson 3
Henry Drake   Middlesex 4
James Rhea 5
William Pratt   Hunterdon 6
Aaron Ogden Lt Colonel
William Shute Major
Benjamin Williamson Cavalry
Almerine Brooks No. 1 [relative rank]
Clement Woods Morris 2
Job Stockton Somerset 3
Charles Marles Burlington 4
Robert Hunt Hunderton 5
Denise Foreman Monmouth 6
Walter K Cole 1
John C Macwhorter Essex 2
Robert C Thompson Sussex 3
John Eugene Parker Middlesex 4 - cavalry
William Potter [Bridge Town]178 5
Samuel C Voorhess [Middlesex]179 6
Thomas Reading Jun Hunterdon 7

136AD, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress.

In this list of recommendations for Army appointments, those recommended have not been identified. Wherever possible, however, the individuals making the recommendations have been identified.

137Abraham Hunt, a resident of Trenton, New Jersey, was a contractor furnishing supplies for the United States Army.

138Richard Stockton, a Federalist from Princeton, New Jersey, was elected to the United States Senate in 1796 to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Frederick Frelinghuysen. He served in that position until March, 1799.

139Richard Howell, a veteran of the American Revolution and a Federalist, was governor of New Jersey from 1793 to 1801.

140Philemon Dickinson, a resident of Trenton, New Jersey, and a veteran of the American Revolution, was elected to the United States Senate in 1790 to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William Paterson. He served in that position until 1793.

141Secretary of State Timothy Pickering.

142During the American Revolution, David Rhea was first a major and then a lieutenant colonel in the Second New Jersey Regiment.

143Joseph Bloomfield, a veteran of the American Revolution, was a resident of Burlington, New Jersey. From 1795 to 1800 he was mayor of Burlington.

144Jonathan Dayton.

145John Rutherfurd was a Federalist member of the United States Senate from 1791 to 1798.

146William Paterson was a Federalist member of the United States Senate from 1789 to 1790, when he was elected governor of New Jersey. He served in that capacity from 1790 to 1793. From 1793 until his death in 1806 he was an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.

147Anthony Walton White.

148Andrew Bell, a resident of Perth Amboy, New Jersey, was a Loyalist who served as a private secretary to Sir Henry Clinton during the American Revolution. In 1800 he became collector of the district and inspector of the revenue for the port of Perth Amboy (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 314).

149Frederick Frelinghuysen, a veteran of the American Revolution, was elected as a Federalist to the United States Senate. He served from 1793 until his resignation in 1796.

150James Schureman, a Federalist from New Brunswick, New Jersey, and a veteran of the American Revolution, was a member of the House of Representatives from 1789 to 1791 and again from 1797 to 1799, when he became a United States Senator.

151John Neilson, a veteran of the American Revolution and a resident of New Brunswick, New Jersey, was elected to the Continental Congress in 1778, but there is evidence that he never attended (Edmund C. Burnett, ed., Letters of Members of the Continental Congress [Washington, D.C., 1921–1938], III, lvi; IV, lvii).

152William H. Smith, a physician from Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, had been a surgeon’s mate in the hospital department during the American Revolution.

153John Bray was the Army contractor at New Brunswick, New Jersey, during the Whiskey Insurrection. See H to Abraham Hunt, August 17, 1794, note 5.

154Franklin Davenport, a nephew of Benjamin Franklin, was a resident of Woodbury, New Jersey, and a veteran of the American Revolution. He was a member of the New Jersey Assembly from 1786 to 1789. In December, 1798, he was appointed to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by John Rutherfurd’s resignation, and he served until 1799.

155Elijah Clark was a resident of Woodbury, New Jersey.

156James B. Caldwell was a resident of Woodbury, New Jersey.

157James Ewing was the commissioner of loans for New Jersey.

158Jonathan Elmer, a resident of Bridgeton, New Jersey, was a member of the Continental Congress from 1776 to 1778, 1781 to 1784, and 1787 to 1788. He served as a Federalist in the United States Senate from 1789 to 1791.

159John Bayard, a resident of New Brunswick, New Jersey, was mayor of that city in 1790. Before he moved to New Jersey, he was a prominent Philadelphia merchant and a member of the Pennsylvania Assembly from 1776 to 1779 and again in 1784.

160John Beatty, a veteran of the American Revolution, was originally a resident of Pennsylvania. He moved to New Jersey and served as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1784 and 1785 and as a member of the House of Representatives from 1793 to 1795. In 1795 he became Secretary of State of New Jersey, and he held that position until 1805.

161John Van Emburgh was a resident of Bordentown, New Jersey.

162James H. Imlay, a resident of Monmouth County, New Jersey, was a member of the New Jersey Assembly from 1793 to 1796 and a member of the House of Representatives from 1797 to 1801.

163Samuel Sitgreaves, a resident of Easton, Pennsylvania, was elected to the House of Representatives as a Federalist and served from 1795 to 1798. On August 11, 1798, he was appointed one of the commissioners for implementing Article 6 of the Jay Treaty (John Bassett Moore, ed., International Adjudications: Ancient and Modern, History and Documents, Together with Mediatorial Reports, Advisory Opinions, and the Decisions of Domestic Commissions, on International Claims [New York, 1931], III, 18, and note 1).

164John N. Cummings of New Jersey held the rank of lieutenant colonel commandant at the end of the American Revolution.

165Elisha Boudinot was a Newark, New Jersey, lawyer.

166Richard Coxe of New Jersey held the rank of major at the end of the American Revolution.

167Robert Hoops was the brother of Adam Hoops, who had surveyed the Genesee country for Robert Morris. In 1789 and 1790 Robert Hoops was a member of the New Jersey Legislative Council.

168Robert Stockton of Somerset County was a member of the New Jersey General Assembly in 1790, 1791, 1793, and from 1795 to 1796.

169Joseph Habersham had been a partner in the Savannah mercantile firm of Joseph Clay and Company. During the American Revolution he became a colonel in the Continental Army. After the war he was twice speaker of the Georgia General Assembly, a delegate to the Continental Congress, and a member of the Georgia Ratifying Convention. On February 24, 1795, Washington nominated him Postmaster General, and the Senate confirmed the appointment on the following day (Executive Journal, I description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate (Washington, 1828), I. description ends , 173, 174).

170Benjamin Goodhue of Salem, Massachusetts, was a Federalist. He was a member of the Massachusetts General Court from 1780 to 1782 and of the state Senate from 1785 to 1788. He was elected to the House of Representatives and served from 1789 to 1796. In 1796 he was elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by George Cabot’s resignation, a position he held until 1800.

171During the American Revolution, Stewart was a colonel of the New Jersey militia. From 1777 to 1782 he was commissary general of issues.

172William McCullough of Sussex County was a member of the New Jersey General Assembly from 1793 to 1797.

173In the George Washington Papers, Library of Congress, there is a list in the handwriting of Tobias Lear of candidates from New Jersey for Army appointments. The first entry on this list and the only one in H’s handwriting reads: “Almerine Brooks—first Dayton.”

174Daniel Morgan, who held the rank of brigadier general at the end of the American Revolution, was in command of the Virginia militia during the Whiskey Insurrection.

175Ebenezer Stevens, formerly of Rhode Island, held the rank of lieutenant colonel of the Second Continental Artillery at the close of the American Revolution. After the war he became a merchant in New York City. In 1794 the New York legislature named him to a seven-man committee in charge of the fortification of New York City, and in the same year he was first appointed War Department agent for the fortification of New York City, a position he also held in 1798. See Henry Knox to H, March 29, 1794, note 5; Stevens to H, December 1, 1794; the introductory note to H to McHenry, June 1, 1798.

176Samuel Hodgdon had served in the commissary department of the Continental Army during the American Revolution. From March 4, 1791, until April 12, 1792, he was quartermaster general of the United States Army, and from the fall of 1792 until June, 1794, he served as Army storekeeper at Philadelphia. In June, 1794, he was appointed superintendent of military stores. See H to Knox, June 20, 1794, note 1.

177This word is not in H’s handwriting.

178This word is not in H’s handwriting.

179This word in not in H’s handwriting.

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