To George Washington
Cherrys Mill [Pennsylvania] Nov. 3d. 1794
I have returned to this place from Union Town. A letter from Governor Lee which goes with this probably informs you of the plan of future operations1—but lest it should not I shall briefly state it. The right wing is to take a position with its left towards Budds ferry2 & its right toward Greensburgh. The left wing is to be posted between the Yocghagani3 & Monongalia4 with its left towards the latter & its right towards the former. Morgan with his command including the whole of the light corps & perhaps a part of the Brigade of Cavalry will go into Washington County.5 It is not unlikely that in the course of the business a part of the troops will take a circuit by Pittsburgh—for the more places they can appear in without loss of time the better.
In adopting this plan the circumstance of much delay in crossing & recrossing water has weighed powerfully & the quiescent state of the Country renders the plan intirely safe. Boats however will be collected on both waters to facilitate mutual communication & support.
I received the letter you was so good as to write me on the road with those that accompanied it.6
The rainy weather continues with short intervals of clear. The left wing has suffered from sickness but the right has been & continues remarkably healthy. The troops also continue to behave well. A Court Martial7 sits today to try one or two riotous fellows & one or two Marauders. The appointment of it has checked the licentious corps.
With the truest respect & attachment I have the honor to be Sir Your obed serv
PS Not many fugitives from Justice as yet.
The President of the UStates
ALS, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress; copy, Hamilton Papers, Library of Congress.
1. Henry Lee’s letter has not been found, but his orders, dated November 2, 1794, read as follows: “The Army will resume its march on the morning of the 4th int at the hour of Eight when a signal gun will be fired.
“They will advance in two Columns. composed of the respective Wings, the right column will take the route by Lodges to Budds ferry, under the Command of his Excellency Governor [Thomas] Mifflin, who will please to take the most Convenient situation in the vicinity of that place, for the accomodation of the troops, & wait further Orders.
“The light column will proceed on the route to Petersons on the east side of Parkinsons ferry, under the orders of Majr Genl [Daniel] Morgan they will march by their left.…” (Baldwin, “Orders Issued by General Henry Lee,” description begins Leland D. Baldwin, ed., “Orders Issued by General Henry Lee during the Campaign against the Whiskey Insurrectionists,” The Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine, XIX (June, 1936). description ends 99–100.) These orders, in a slightly different version, are also printed in Pennsylvania Archives, 2nd ser., IV description begins Pennsylvania Archives, 2nd ser., IV (n.p., 1876). description ends , 439.
See also H to Henry Lee, October 20, 1794, and Lee’s general orders of October 21, 1794, printed in Baldwin, “Orders Issued by General Henry Lee,” description begins Leland D. Baldwin, ed., “Orders Issued by General Henry Lee during the Campaign against the Whiskey Insurrectionists,” The Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine, XIX (June, 1936). description ends 90–91.
2. Budd’s Ferry was owned by Joseph and Joshua Budd, who had migrated from Somerset County, New Jersey, before the American Revolution and settled in Rostraver township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. The ferry was situated south of West Newton on the Youghiogheny River (Albert, History of the County of Westmoreland description begins George Dallas Albert, ed., History of the County of Westmoreland, Pennsylvania, with Biographical Sketches of Many of Its Pioneers and Prominent Men (Philadelphia, 1882). description ends , 564).
3. Youghiogheny River.
4. Monongahela River.
5. Daniel Morgan was in command of the Virginia militia.
7. H is presumably referring to the following court-martial: “At a General Court Martial, whereof Brig. Gen. [Joseph] Bloomfield is President, Nicholas Fitzpatrick, Sergeant in Col. [Joseph] Copperthwaite’s regiment of Pennsylvania militia, was brought before the Court charged with mutiny, to which charge he pleaded not guilty. The Court, after hearing the evidence for and against the prisoner, and his defence, found him guilty of a breach of the third and fifth articles for the better government of the troops; and sentenced him that he receive one hundred lashes and that he be dismissed the service. George Snyder, a corporal in Col. Copperthwaite’s regiment of Pennsylvania militia, was also brought before the said Court and charged with mutiny, to which charge he pleaded not guilty; the Court, after hearing the evidence for and against the prisoner, and his defence, found him guilty of a breach of the third and fifth articles of the second section of the rules and articles for the better government of the troops, and sentenced him to receive one hundred lashes, and that he be dismissed the service. The commander of the right column approves the sentences, and directs they may be carried into execution under the direction of the Colonel or commanding officer of the regiment to-morrow morning at troop beating” (“Journal by Major William Gould,” description begins “Journal by Major William Gould, of the New Jersey Infantry, During an Expedition into Pennsylvania in 1794,” Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society, III (1849). description ends 186).