To Rufus King
Jones Mill [Pennsylvania] October 30. 1794
Our light corps, the Jersey infantry & a brigade of cavalry are about 8½ Miles in front, beyond all the Mountains. This division which has been delayed by a somewhat worse route & the incumbrance of the public stores will be at the same place this Evening. The left wing is at a corresponding point. All is essentially well—No appearance of opposition. It is of great consequence that a law should if possible be expedited through Congress for raising 500 infantry & 100 horse to be stationed in the disaffected country.1 Without this the expence incurred will be essentially fruitless.
A law regulating a process of outlawry is also urgent;2 for the best objects of punishment will fly & they ought to be compelled by outlawry to abandon their property houses & the UStates. This business must not be skinned over. The political putrefaction of Pensylvania is greater than I had any idea of. Without vigour every where our tranquillity is likely to be of very short duration & the next storm will be infinitely worse than the present one.3
Yrs. with true esteem & regard
R King Esqr
ALS, New-York Historical Society, New York City.
1. On November 29, 1794, George Washington approved “An Act to authorize the President to call out and station a corps of Militia, in the four western Counties of Pennsylvania, for a limited time” (1 Stat. description begins The Public Statutes at Large of the United States of America (Boston, 1845). description ends 403).
2. On December 10, 1794, “A motion was made [in the Senate] that a committee be appointed to consider the expediency of passing an act of outlawry …” (Annals of Congress description begins The Debates and Proceedings of the Congress of the United States; with an Appendix, Containing Important State Papers and Public Documents, and All the Laws of a Public Nature (Washington, 1834–1849). description ends , IV, 799).
3. H addressed this letter as follows: “Rufus King Esquire. In his absence to be opened by Oliver Elsworth Esq or George Cabot.” Ellsworth was a United States Senator from Connecticut and Cabot was a United States Senator from Massachusetts.