Alexander Hamilton Papers

From Alexander Hamilton to Anthony Wayne, 25 September 1794

To Anthony Wayne

[Philadelphia, September 25, 1794. On November 12, 1794, Wayne wrote to Henry Knox: “I have the honor … to acknowledge the receipt of a letter from Colo Alexr Hamilton of the 25th. of September enclosing an extract of a letter from Mr. Jay … dated the 12th of July 1794,1 also a letter from Major Stagg, of the 4th Ultimo.…”2 Letter not found.]

Knopf, Wayne description begins Richard C. Knopf, ed., Anthony Wayne: A Name in Arms; Soldier, Diplomat, Defender of Expansion Westward of a Nation; the Wayne-Knox-Pickering-McHenry Correspondence (Pittsburgh, 1960). description ends , 361–62.

1The extract from John Jay’s letter to Edmund Randolph, dated July 12, 1794, reads as follows: “We [Jay and Lord Grenville] had an informal Conversation relative to [John Graves] Simcoe’s hostile measure. We concurred in opinion that during the present negotiation, and until the conclusion of it, all things ought to remain and be preserved in Statu quo—that therefore both parties should continue to hold their Possessions, and that all encroachments on either Side should be done away—that all hostile measures (if any such should have taken place) shall cease, and that in case it should unfortunately have happened that prisoners or Property should have been taken, the Prisoners shall be released and the Property restored. And we have agreed that both Governments shall immediately give orders & instructions accordingly” (ALS, RG 59, Despatches from United States Ministers to Great Britain, Vol. 1, April 19, 1794–June 1, 1795, National Archives; copy, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia).

In April, 1794, Governor Simcoe had ordered three companies of Colonel Richard England’s regiment into United States territory to establish a post on the Maumee River to protect Detroit from United States troops under Anthony Wayne (E. A. Cruikshank, ed., The Correspondence of Lieut. Governor John Graves Simcoe, with Allied Documents Relating to His Administration of the Government of Upper Canada (Toronto, 1924), II, 211–12).

On September 20, 1794, Randolph replied to Jay: “The President approves the agreement that, during the present negotiation, and until the conclusion of it, all things remain and be preserved in statu quo. The War department is instructed to issue correspondent orders, and the department of State to notify the governors in the neighborhood of those scenes, to which the agreement relates” (LC, RG 59, Diplomatic and Consular Instructions of the Department of State, 1791–1801, August 22, 1793–June 1, 1795, National Archives).

2The letter of John Stagg, Jr., dated October 4, 1794, was to Isaac Craig. It reads in part as follows: “… I transmit enclosed in confidence an extract of a letter from Major General Wayne dated 14. August respecting a certain Robert Newman of Kentucky. This person arrived here last Week from Niagara and imposed himself on Colonel Hamilton as having been captured by the Indians, and been permitted by Governor Simcoe to return home by way of Philadelphia. Mr. [Samuel] Hodgdon was directed to, and actually did, advance him twenty dollars.

“He left this City on the 24 Ult. in the Harrisburg Stage intending to proceed on from thence to Carlisle and so forward to Pittsburg. I am particularly instructed by the President of the United States to request that you will take every measure in your power to apprehend this fellow and cause him to be immediately delivered to Colonel [Thomas] Butler and kept under a secure guard until the first opportunity offers to convey him in safety to Fort Washington from thence to be sent under a proper escort to the head quarters of Major General Wayne. It is very possible, if the matter is not made public, that he will call on you for some pecuniary assistance, as he had been in Colonel [James] O’Hara’s employ.” (LS, Isaac Craig Papers, Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.)

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