To Nathaniel C. Higginson1
[Philadelphia, April 16, 1794]
The instructions for regulating your conduct in the Agency to which you are appointed will come to you from the Secretary of State.2 It is only for me to take with you the requisite pecuniary arrangements. Your compensation as agreed with the Secretary of State for the entire service you are to perform, which you are at liberty to comprise within the term of four Months from the time of your Departure to that of your return is already settled at Two thousand Dollars. For your personal expences, you will be allowed in addition the sum of thirty Dollars per Week, which is in lieu of every thing except those expences that regard the business of your mission. Of these last you will keep an exact account which on your return you will produce with its vouchers for settlement at the Treasury.
You have herewith a Warrant for Five thousand Dollars on account of your compensation and personal expences and the expences of your Agency for which you will be charged and held accountable. If necessary you may draw upon Samuel Meredith Treasurer of the UStates for a further sum not exceeding five thousand Dollars.
You have also herewith an Instrument under my hand & the seal of the Treasury empowering you to engage the Guarantee of the Treasury of the UStates for indemnifying any persons whom you may find it necessary to procure as sureties in appeal against costs & damages.3 You understand, that this is not to extend to suretyship for restitution of vessels & Cargoes, but merely to the costs & damages of the proceedings in appeal. You will also perceive that it is desireable to commit the UStates as little extensively as possible in this particular; and therefore that it ought to be endeavoured to bring parties interested as much as possible into action on their own accounts.
The vessel in which you go may if you deem it adviseable be retained by you during your continuance on the mission. But if you find that ready opportunities from Island to Island can be had & that a saving can be made by sending back the Vessel & that the public service can as effectually be done, without her detention, you will send her back as soon as that shall sufficiently appear to you to be the case.4 She is hired at the rate of four hundred Dollars Month in lieu of every thing.
I am with great consideration Sir Your obedient servant
ADf, Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford.
1. For background to this letter, see “Cabinet Meeting. Opinion on a Request for a Passport,” April 2, 1794; H to George Washington, April 2, 1794; “Conversation with George Hammond,” April 15–16, 1794.
2. Edmund Randolph’s instructions to Higginson, dated April 11, 1794, may be found in RG 59, Domestic Letters of the Department of State, Vol. 6, January 2–June 26, 1794, National Archives.
3. See enclosure. Randolph had authorized Higginson to “carry with you letters of credit from this government, assuring those persons, who may join in the appeal bond, that they will be indemnified by the United States. The indemnity will be confined to the costs and damages attending the prosecution of the appeal” (LC, RG 59, Domestic Letters of the Department of State, Vol. 6, January 2–June 26, 1794, National Archives).
4. Higginson’s instructions directed him to proceed “without delay to the Islands of Barbadoes, Tobago, Grenada, Martinico, Dominica, Antigua, Montserrat, St. Christophers, San Domingo, Jamaica and New Providence, according to the order of their being named here, unless you shall find it expedient, after reaching the first, to change this order of your voyage. A vessel called the Molly is provided for conveying you to the Island of Barbadoes, from whence you will procure other opportunities, as occasion may require” (LC, RG 59, Domestic Letters of the Department of State, Vol. 6, January 2–June 26, 1794, National Archives). The charter party was arranged on April 16, 1794, and provided that the “Monthly Hire” of the brig Molly was to commence on that date “and to continue for two months certain and as much longer as the said Vessel may be wanted, to proceed as soon as she is ready to the West India Islands and among them and to any or either of them & from thence to Philadelphia” (D, signed by Tench Coxe for H and Peter Le Maigre, owner of the Molly, and witnessed by Higginson, RG 217, Miscellaneous Treasury Accounts, 1790–1894, Account No. 5932, National Archives).