From Medad Mitchell
[New York, January 11, 1794]
The Secretary of the Treasury will pardon a Man who no longer considers himself an American, for this address to his feelings, his honor, and his humanity.
There was a time when Patriotism induced me to lay open the intrigues of a foreighn Court, at that time poverty made me desperate, and what I laid, before the Secretary, was the efforts of the greatest industry, that distress coud extort from an ambitious Man. As I have never recieved any emolument for the attempt of throwing any new light on the subjects treat[ed] of, I rely upon his honor not to expose me, on the contrary, I expect his soul spurns at the Idea. And that he will return the sacred truth addressed to Colonel Walker1 for the Honble Baron de steuben. It is not necessary for me to explain my motiv for leaving my Country the second time, A Country for which my father bled, and which I have served. A great Man, cloathed with power, and who will make no contemptible figure in the Annals of his Country was the cause of it. I am too small a man to resent it, unless a fit of desperation shoud drive me to commit what I shudder to think of. I hope that the Secretary will pardon me for this Language, and do me the Justice to believe, that I entertain a high esteem for his Character. Altho his enemies multiply with a rapid pace, I ever contradict their Calumnys, Beleiving that he has a thirst for “honest fame”, But that he never speculated upon the Cloathing and amunition of our present Army.2 These things are said of some of our greatest Men, and farther, that by a connection with the Court of St. James, that our western Army has been sacrifised, as well as the interest of the Atlantic States. I cannot believe all this, But I well know a most ruinous policy has been pursued in the Indian war. Mr. Sargant3 and others advice has been too well attended to, and you may rest asured that Wayne4 will have a second Melancholly tale to tell the Public. Genl. Knox5 has been so unkind as to call me a rascal &c—he advanced Sixty Dollars for certain purposes—he like a Great Man quarreled with me afterwards. I deposited the money in the hands of an old Veteran, who has lost his leg for want of a sent. of Common understanding. It remains for him, perhaps when systems change, he may want it, and his children suffer for the indignity offered a poor and Virtuous Man. My friends will find that I am no flatterer, and my enemies shall find, that I am brave.
With esteeem I am the Secretarys Most Obedient and most humble Servant
The Secretary of the Treasury.
ALS, Hamilton Papers, Library of Congress.
1. Benjamin Walker had served as Baron von Steuben’s aide during the American Revolution. In 1786 he was appointed commissioner to settle the accounts of the hospital, marine, and clothing departments, and in following years he served as naval officer of New York and as a director of the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures. Walker was also closely associated with Steuben’s and William Duer’s business interests. For Mitchell’s relationship with Steuben and Duer, see Mitchell to H, February 9, 1792, note 1.
2. Presumably Mitchell is referring to criticism arising out of H’s connection with the contracts awarded to Theodosius Fowler and Duer for provisioning the Army during Major General Arthur St. Clair’s campaign in 1791. See “Contract for Army Rations,” October 28, 1790, and Joseph Nourse to H, May 1, 1792, note 1.
3. Winthrop Sargent, secretary of the Northwest Territory, had served as St. Clair’s adjutant during the 1791 campaign.
4. After the defeat of St. Clair in November, 1791, Major General Anthony Wayne had been appointed commander of the newly reorganized United States Army in preparation for another campaign against the western Indians.
5. Henry Knox.