From Charles Williamson1
[Baltimore, April 22, 1792]
I beg pardon for the trouble I am giving but I trust when you consider the object you will excuse me. In the Course of many applications I have lately had for Lands in the Genesee I have before me a Letter from a friend of mine who is to embark in the first ship for Britain to bring out a considerable number of Highlanders from Scotland probably 3. or 4 ship load. Mr Steuart2 informs me that he has met with a Capt Steuart of the Nancy bound for Ireland—who is engaged to bring out 200 people from the North of Ireland to settle in this Country that they are all able to pay their own passage and mostly all of them worth money besides. Capt. Steuart has desired me to send him my terms for settlements in the Genesee which I have done. As these people come from a part of Ireland where 9/10ths of the country live by the manufactoring of fine Linnen, & come voluntarily without expence to the publick—I think it well worth the attention of Legislature of this Country if it should not be so of individuals to adopt some measures that would at once introduce the manufactory of fine Linnen and Cambrick into a Country certainly better calculated for it than any part of America on this side of the Ohio—as in the Genesee the same as in Ireland every farmer may grow and manufacture his own Flax.
It appears to me that only few points are necessary to accomplish this end vizt. to keep the Irish in one body, to give them Lands capable of growing flax in perfection, and to induce them to occupy as small farms as possible. To give them Lands capable of bearing flax in perfection is in my power—and In the terms I Offer, I have given every inducement to make it their interest to take small Lotts. As I have written more fully to Mr. Morris3 on the subject I shall tresspass no more on your time. To him as to further particulars I beg leave to refer you—but it appears evident to me that if the object is desirable no opportunity ever occured by which it could be so easily attained.
If manufactories are bribed to come into a Country in all probabillity you get the most dissolute—but those who emigrate voluntarily and pay their own expence must have been industrious to be able to do it.
I have the Honor to be with great Esteem Sir Your very humble Sert
ALS, Hamilton Papers, Library of Congress.
1. Williamson was the American agent of the Pulteney Associates, a group of Englishmen who had purchased from Robert Morris more than a million acres in the Genesee Valley in western New York. Soon after Williamson’s arrival in the United States in November, 1791, he interviewed H who wrote letters of introduction for Williamson to John Tayler and Abraham Ten Broeck of Albany (H to Tayler, February 18, 1792, and H to Ten Broeck, February 18, 1792). Williamson had made a trip to the Genesee lands in the winter of 1791–1792, returning to Baltimore in April.
2. Donald Stewart was an assistant of Williamson and had accompanied him to the United States. Stewart was principally responsible for inducing Scottish immigrants to settle on the lands of the Pulteney Associates.
3. Robert Morris, from whom the Pulteney Associates had purchased their land in the Genesee country, owned extensive tracts of land in western New York and was interested in the rapid settlement of the region.