Drury Ragsdale to Edward Carrington13
King William County [Virginia] Sept. 29. 1791
“Inclosed you will receive a return of Cloth &c. manufactured in my Neighbourhood.
It may not be amiss to inform you that it is my opinion that the manufactures in my Survey carried on in private families consist principally if not all together of Cotton and Wool, most of the fine cloth is of cotton alone, made into such Cloth as Table linnen sheeting, Jeans for Breeches and Waistcoats, in imitation of the Manchester manufactures, Bed ticking much superior to the cheap and common imported from Europe, Muslings in immitation of those from Scotland, striped cottons for Womens gowns; some patterns hansomer and more durable than the printed imported cottons. There being a scarsity of Wool it is generally mixed with Cotton, the warp being filled in with wool makes the cloathing of the Young and Domestic Negroes, and, though not yeilding equal warmth with the cheap Kendal Cotton, is generally, when wove double, more durable than those Cottons, as they are called. Fine Stockings are knit to every degree of perfection, principally of Cotton. Course Stockings are knit generally of Cotton & Wool & the Negroes prefer these to those imported.
As to the Article of leather there seems to be a scarsity owing to a distemper that has been very fatal for some years amoung the horned cattle, but what there is in the Country distant from Towns, are generally manufactured by the families themselves tho’ it may be supposed from the manner of carrying on this business in the Country, that it cannot be in any great state of improvement.
The manufacturing of Iron seems to exceed all the manufactures carried on amoung us; most of the Blacksmiths in the Country are capable of making every Article Necessary for Domestic use of the planter, as hoes, axes, Plows, shovels, spades, tongs, wrought hand irons, nails, (this article can be imported cheaper than we can make them owing to the want of slitting mills) in short, almost every article in iron (except the more refined cutlery) can be made as cheap and I think of Better quality than what is imported to us from Europe, but it may be necessary to remark that Iron comes dear to us in the Middle14 Counties, generally retail’d at 4d lb. and considered as a cash article.”
|Yards of Cloath.||Stockings Value|
|White Male Tithes||W. Female Tithes||White Children||Male Slave Tithes||F. M. Slave Tithes||Children||Total no.
|Fine such as Familey
Table Linnins &c.
|Course such as
|Total No. of
|Value of fine
|Value of Course.||Fine rs||Course.||Fine||Course.||Total Amount of
Value of Cloath &c.
|Thomas Avera||1||3||–||3||3||3||13||196.||67.||263.||3/6||2/6||9.||6||5/||2/6.||£ 45.13.6||This return contains the Quantity of Cloath &c
Manufacturd in the Famileys it contains from the
1st. day of Janry. 1790 to the 1st. day of January
1791. King William Virginia. Drury Ragsdale Sept. 29th. 1791
|James Ruffin||1||1||5||7.||13||16.||43||296.||172.||468||3/6||2/6.||17.||20.||5/||2/6||80: 1.0|
|Sterling Ruffin||1||1||2.||7.||10||14||35.||187.||100.||287.||3/6||2/6||.8||17.||5/.||2/6||49. 7.0|
|John King||1||1||1||1||1||3||8||98.||29||127.||3/6||2/6||5.||2||5/.||2/6||22: 5.6|
|Hickerson Bagwell||2||1||–||–||1||–||4.||56.||13||69.||3/6||2/6||6.||1||5/.||2/6||13. 1.0|
|Nathaniel Fox Junr||1||1||4||5||3||6||20||120||80||200||3/6||2/6||7.||8||5/.||2/6||33.15.|
|Samuel Howard||1||1||2||–||–||–||4||27.||12.||39||3/6||2/6||.4.||–||5/.||2/6||7. 4. 6|
|Wm Starke||1||–||2||3||2||3||11||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||– – –|
|John Hollins||1||1||3||–||–||–||5.||27.||6.||33||3/6||2/6.||4||–||5/.||–||6. 9. 6|
|Mrs. Hawse||–||2||1||1||2||3||9||22.||18.||40||3/6||2/6.||5.||3||5/.||2/6||7.14. 6|
|Charles Lipscomb||1||2||–||1||–||1||5||35.||15.||50||3/6||2/6||6.||1.||5/.||2/6||9.12. 6|
|Edward P. Chamberlayne||1||–||2||4||4||6||17||–||70||70||–||2/6||–||8||–||2/6.||9.15|
|Wm Newman||1||1||3||4||5||5||19||75.||70.||145.||3/6.||2/6||12.||9.||5.||2/6||26. 0|
|Drury Ragsdale||1||1||2||8||4||3||19.||200||70.||270||3/6||2/6||14||15.||5/.||2/6||49. 2. 6|
|Total amt. of the whole||20||26||50||58||61||86||301||1907||1007.||2914||–||–||152||108||£501: 2: 0|
13. Extract, in Edward Carrington’s handwriting, Hamilton Papers, Library of Congress.
14. Before this word Carrington placed an asterisk, and at the bottom of the page opposite an asterisk he wrote: “Middle Counties here are not meant of the whole State but the interior parts of the lower Country, or those which are distant from the trading Cities or Towns. E. C.”