Continental Congress. Motion on Votes Cast in
the Congress by States Not Yet Having
Ratified the Constitution1
[New York, August 7, 1788]
Whereas the Convention assembled at Philadelphia in the Commonwealth of Pensylvania did on the 17th day of September last past resolve as the opinion of that Convention that as soon as the Conventions of nine states should have ratified the Constitution then and there agreed upon by the said Convention the United States in Congress assembled should fix a day on which electors should be appointed by the states which should have ratified the same and a day on which the electors should assemble to vote for the President and the time and place for commencing proceedings under the said constitution. And Whereas the United States in Congress assembled having received the ratifications of the said constitution by eleven states
have in conformity to the resolution aforesaid passed an ordinance for the purposes aforesaid. And Whereas although the state[s] of Rhode Island hath not ratified the said Constitution and it is not known that the state of North Carolina hath ratified the same, the Delegates of the two last mentioned states in virtue of the vo have thought fit to vote[d] upon the said ordinance in virtue of the right of suffrage vested in them by the Articles of Confederation and perpetual Union [therefore]
Resolved as the sense of this Congress
the conduct of the delegates of the said state of Rhode Island in voting concerning the said ordinance can in no wise be construed directly or indirectly to imply either on their part or on the part of the state they represent an approbation of the Constitution aforesaid or a relinquishment [or] any manner of obligation on the part of the said state touching the same or any relinquishment of any right heretofore enjoyed claimed or which may be claimed by the said state under the said Articles &c or otherwise, that all and singular the rights of but the said state remain continue and are in the same situation as if the said delegates had refrained from voting on the whole or any part of the said ordinance. [respecting the said resolutions.]2
ADf, Papers of the Continental Congress, National Archives.
1. The draft of H’s motion was changed by an unidentified person. According to the editor of the Journals of the Continental Congress, it was changed to bring it into conformity with the copy of the motion made by Charles Thomson, secretary of the Congress. The draft is printed here as it was written. Brackets have been used to indicate the parts that are not in the writing of H.
In the Journals the order of H’s motion is inverted: the second paragraph of the draft appearing first, the first paragraph appearing second (JCC description begins Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774–1789 (Washington, 1904–1937). description ends , XXXIV, 403–04).
2. Various amendments were proposed to H’s motion. The Journals do not indicate that the motion was accepted.