Benjamin Franklin Papers

To Benjamin Franklin from ——— Moulan and the Abbé Rose: Two Notes, [c. 8 April 1782]

From ——— Moulan and the Abbé Rose: Two Notes1

AL: Historical Society of Pennsylvania

[c. April 8, 1782]2

Moulan conducteur surnumeraire des convois d’artillerie pour l’armée françoise en amerique.

Monsieur de franclin voudra bien avoir la bonté d’adresser a monsieur L’abbé Rose chez l’archeveque de Cambray rüe du regard faub. st. germain;3 Les lettres de recommandation pour monsieur moulan.

Endorsed:4 This Mr Moulan was recommended to me by L’Abbé Rose & by Mr Gebelin BF.

1These notes—the first written by a man who wanted letters of introduction, the second by the friend who intended to take charge of those letters—were penned on a small sheet of paper. Moulan, a civilian employee of the army ministry equivalent to a subordinate officer, was of too low a status to have left any trace in the army’s records: Bodinier. Rose may have been the abbé L. Nicolas Roze or Rose (1745–1819), a composer. He and Court de Gébelin (mentioned in the endorsement) became members of the same masonic lodge: Stanley Sadie, ed., The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (29 vols., 2nd. ed., London and New York, 2000); Le Bihan, Francsmaçons parisiens, pp. 140, 431.

2The date of BF’s letters on Moulan’s behalf; the one to RB is above.

3The archbishop of Cambrai was Ferdinand-Maximilien-Mériadec de Rohan-Guéménée (1738–1813), who rented a residence at 3, rue du Regard: Larousse; Dictionnaire de la noblesse, XVII, 512–13; Hillairet, Rues de Paris, II, 327.

4BF also wrote on this sheet two lists of names representing letters he wrote on April 8. The first was of people to whom he recommended Moulan: RB and Jonathan Williams, Sr. The second was a longer list of people to whom he recommended the prince de Broglie: “Dr. Cooper, Gen. Washington, Mr. Morris, Mr Bache, Govs. Greene and Trumbull, Secry. Livingston”. Under Livingston he added, “K’s answer noble”, evidently a note to himself to include a reference to Louis XVI’s refusal to engage in separate negotiations.

Index Entries