Benjamin Franklin Papers

To Benjamin Franklin from John Landers and Robert Willcocks, 1 December 1781

From John Landers and Robert Willcocks7

ALS:8 American Philosophical Society

Havre De Grace Decemr. 1th. 1781


We have made Bold heare to trouble Your Honour with this petition, and hoping Your goodness will take our Case into Consideration As we have Been hear confined now above this Three Weeks, and for whatt we cant tell, last Januy. We Fitted out of Dunkirk, and went and made our Cruise, and Returned to Murlaix, and Fittied out Again, and Sailed 28th of May from that port, and On 5th of June of [off] Warterford in Ireland, fell in with A Frigate, and was taken, and Carried into that port, And Frome thence, all the Officers Americans, and Frenchmen had there Parole, and While on Parole We never had any Difference, and 20th Octobr. Following The Cartel came, and we Embark’d at Kingsale And arrived, in France, 6th of Novr. Following And When arrived at this port, the French Officers Went to the Commesary and told Him, all manner of Lies, that they could invent, and as we could not Speak the Langauge, they took all the Advantage of us that in there power Lay And cast us Both into Prison, and hear we Lay and not allowed one soul to speaks to us To vendicate our caus, now they told the Commesary That we sided the people in taking the cartel, But how could that be when nither of us can Speak a word of French, and It is very Supprising That there was but Two a American officers On Board, of that Vessel, and they should be Picked out from all the Rest, now if we had Been Frenchman they would not Spook One word about us.

Now Capt Landers Belonging to Sallam In Massachusetts Bay, and the first of this war he Was two Years in Continental army, and from that Imploy he Left, and went privateering and Had the Misfortune to be taken and brought To England, and there put in Plymouth prison And there lay three years, and was Exchang’d to France, and had the good Lock of getting A Vessel, now the Merchants Bleames him For no part of his Conduct, although I Suppose These Villians that went Inform’d about the Cartel told how he gave his Vissel away, For we was Informed that they told him all the Stuf that they could think of.

As for my part I was in the Capacity of A ft. Lieut. and Belonging to Rhode Island.

Now Sir / I hope by the Blesing of God that Your Goodness will try to do something for us to Releave us from this Dismal place of torment, as the Commesary hear tell us that Lays all in your power as we are Americans. Sir / you must ecuse us for not Informing you of our case before as we was not allowed pen In [Ink] nor paper— We are in hopes your Honour will not forget us we are hear Confin’d, Sir your Humbe. petitioners Ever Bound to pray

Sir We are your most Obedt. and Hume. St.9

John Landers
Robert Willcocks

To the Honourbe. Bejn. Franklin Esqr. Plenipotentiary to the Cort of France for The United States of America

Addressed: To / The Honourbe / Benjamin Franklin / Esqr. at / Paris.

Notation: Landers Mr. John & Robert Willcocks. Havre de Grace Decr. 1st. 1781.

[Note numbering follows the Franklin Papers source.]

7For whom see Dunlap to BF, Nov. 10.

8In Landers’ hand.

9They wrote once again, on Dec. 21, repeating the substance of this letter and adding that the merchant who armed their ship in Dunkirk had promised to write to BF on their behalf. The commissary of Le Havre was still holding them without explanation or an examination, but he now promised to take their statements as soon as he heard from BF. They claimed that some twenty letters and petitions had been written in their favor (APS).

Andrew Limozin, who had written to BF on their behalf, also wrote to JW on Nov. 23 and Jan. 8 (APS). JW forwarded these to WTF (Dec. 13 and Jan. 17, APS). The Jan. 8 letter enclosed one Limozin had received from Capt. Daniel McNeill, dated Dec. 28 (now missing), reporting that BF had told Mc-Neill that he did not know why the men were imprisoned. On the strength of this news, Limozin had a new memorial sent to BF, signed by all the Americans on the cartel from Kinsale.

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