From Richard Bache
ALS: American Philosophical Society
Philadelphia July 22d. 1780.
Dear & Hond. sir
The last time we had the pleasure of hearing from you was on the arrival of the Marquis de la Fayette.4 Having just recd: an account of the arrival of the French Fleet at Rhode Island, we please ourselves with the expectation of hearing of you, if not from you.
Sally with her two youngest Children are in the Country, at our Friend Mr. Duffield’s, returning a visit that the Miss Duffield’s made us in the Winter;5 she and the Children are well— Will stays in Town on account of going to School, he shews a good deal of Genius, but much inattention; as he advances in years, I trust the latter will wear off— I long to hear how Ben comes on, in his Learning, and whether he makes such improvement, as our fond wishes suggested he would do, at the Geneva Accademy— It would give us pleasure to hear, that you had found leisure enough to visit him at Geneva, but I suspect your time has been more importantly employed; the Journey might conduce to your health, & be a means of prolonging a Life, that is not only of so much consequence to us, but to the World in general— Formerly you used to find a Journey absolutely necessary for you, every now and then; surely you must think it equally so now, unless the Climate of France should agree with you better, than any other Climate you have heretofore lived in.
I herewith send you the Newspapers; some I shall also send you by another Conveyance sailing at this time— The loss of Charles Town seems to have roused us out of the Lethargy we have been in, for two years past— I trust we shall make such exertions this Campaign, as to render the United Force of our Good Ally, of real and substantial use.
The Females of our City have been interresting themselves in behalf of the soldiers of our Army, by collecting donations, to be applyed to their use & comfort; this plan was first set on foot here, and I have the pleasure to tell you, that Sally has had no small hand in it;6 it is likely to obtain thro’ the different States; New Jersey & Maryland have already adopted it—7 It has put our Soldiery in the highest good humour, & for this end, believe me, something of this sort was necessary—
Many of the Merchants & Landed Men of this City have subscribed liberally towards establishing a Bank for very laudable & generous purposes, you will see in the papers an account of it, I will therefore refer you to them.8 Remember me with Will to Temple & Ben— Accept our Love & Duty & believe me to be Dear sir Your ever affectionate son
I herewith send you a Letter for Capt. Droüart, from his Son, who impatiently wishes to hear from his friends.9
4. Lafayette arrived in Boston in April; see our annotation of the Intelligence Reports, July 1.
5. For Edward Duffield and his family see XXX, 334–5, 352.
6. The Ladies Association, led by Esther DeBerdt Reed, wife of Governor of Pennsylvania Joseph Reed, was organized to persuade American women to forego “vain ornaments” and donate the money saved to the American troops. The movement, which its founders intended to be the first large-scale women’s association in American history, was announced in the Pa. Gazette on June 21. SB solicited contributions in her district (Market to Chestnut Streets), corresponded with near-by communities, and took over the leadership of the group when Esther Reed died in September. For the Association and SB’s role in it see Mary Beth Norton, Liberty’s Daughters: the Revolutionary Experience of American Women, 1750–1800 (Boston and Toronto, 1980), pp. 177–88; Lopez and Herbert, The Private Franklin, pp. 225–6.
7. New Jersey had done so by July 4 and Maryland by the 14th: Norton, Liberty’s Daughters, p. 183.
8. The Bank of Pennsylvania: Ferguson, Power of the Purse, pp. 56, 136n; Smith, Letters, XV, 481. The Bank and its subscribers are discussed in the June 21, 28, and July 5 issues of the Pa. Gazette.
9. Henry-Dieudonné Droüart de Givricourt was the son of [Charles-François-Robert?] Droüart, chevalier, seigneur de Lezey: DBF, XI, 802. RB forwarded to BF correspondence between the father and son: RB to WTF, Sept. 13, 1779, and Nov. 5, 1783; the chevalier to BF, June 13, 1781, and Droüart de Givricourt to BF, June 14, 1785. All these documents are at the APS.