From John Paul Jones
LS: American Philosophical Society
Ship Bonhomme Richard at Anchor in the Road of
Groa August 13th. 1779
Honored and Dear Sir
It is but this moment that the Court martial has finished the affairs of the Bonhomme Richard and the Alliance being run foul of Each other. I inclose you the Whole proceedings of that Court, Which being the only one of Consequence, it is unnecessary to trouble you With bundles of papers Where the Conclusions have only Amounted to Whipping Which has been Executed.9
The Within paper respecting the prise money of this Little Squadron is Submitted to your regulation, and from the Inclosed paper addressed to me by the Captain and officers of the Vengeance I am persuaded that you Will think it unreasonable that he (the Captain) Should Share Equally With the Captain Landais or the Captain of the Pallace and Rather that Each Ship and Vessel Should first Share in proportion to the Number and Calibre of her Guns and the number of her Men; and that they Should afterwards divide their respective Shares by the Law of their flag, or otherwise to their mutual Satisfaction. The Within State of the force of Each Ship and Vessel Will be useful in forming your decision.1
Mr. De Chaumont has made an useless Journey here as I had taken all the necessary measures to Engage the Men that Were Wanting before his appearance even at Nantes. I am however much obliged to him and to the Minister for that attention as well as all former favors.
I Shall Certainly Sail to morrow at Day break and I hope Shortly to find opportunities to testify my gratitude to our great and good Ally for the honor Which he has Confered on the American flag and on my Self.
The inclosed dictionary2 will be useful When I Write to you on particulars Subjects.
This Little Squadron appears to be unanimous; and if that good understanding Continues, We are able to perform Essential Service.
I Look forwards With pleasing Expectation and an ardent desire to merit your friendship and that of America.
Being ever With the heigest Esteem and Respect Dear Sir the most obliged of your obedient Servants
Jno P Jones
His Excellency Doctor Franklin
9. Lt. Robert Robinson of the Bonhomme Richard was cashiered for the collision between his ship and the Alliance. The enclosed minutes of his trial are now at the University of Pa. Library. Other information relating to the trial can be found in Landais, Memorial, pp. 21–3, and Bradford, Jones Papers, reel 4, nos. 714–16; reel 10, no. 1998.
1. The enclosures mentioned in this paragraph presumably are the Aug. 13 agreement or “concordat” among the captains of Jones’s squadron governing the succession to command should Jones be killed or resign, the management of prizes, and the distribution of prize money; an Aug. 12 letter from Capt. Taillot et al.; and an Aug. 13 list of the ships in the squadron with their armament and number of crewmen: Bradford, Jones Papers, reel 4, nos. 722, 721; reel 9, no. 1954.
2. Probably a cipher with numbers used to represent words or syllables. There are several of these among BF’s papers at the APS and Library of Congress.