From Noble Wimberly Jones
ALS: American Philosophical Society
Savannah 4 March 1771.
I take this oportunity to acquaint you that on the 22d. of last month our Assembly met with the same fate of that in Decr. 1768, the principal cause seemed to be their having Committed the deputy Secretary for refusing to give evidence to a Committee of the House on an information against the deputy surveyor general for taking double fees in his Office which the Governor (like some other of his8 declarations) said the Assembly had no Right to do.9 Another reason he gives is A Resolution of the House not to enter on a Tax Bill for the present year the four Southern Parishes not being Represented.1 I receiv’d a Note from the Governor about or near 12 o Clock at noon when I waited of him, After telling me the cause of sending he recommended an Alteration in those parts of the Journals of the House and desired I would use my influence with the Members for that purpose which I refused not thinking it consistant as Speaker to be consernd in such a matter or message of any kind, and on his urging the affair of Mr. Moodie deputy Secretary I told him it would then appear (if that was struck off the Minets) that the Speaker Issued Warrant without any Authority for so doing. Some Gentlemen of the Council did mention the Governors request to several of the Members and that he would disolve the Assembly unless they did alter the Journals of that week which threat they disdaind, and the House not having any thing before them for that day adjournd to the next morning. But about 8 that evening the Governor Disolv’d us by Proclamation so that the whole business of the Session dropd amongst which were several ready for the Assent some of great consiquence. I trust you have receivd the Bills of Exchange before this two of which I have sent one sett by Capt. Hall which we hear has arrived2 therefore have not sent the third set. And remain with great esteem and assurance of the late Assembly’s Confidence in your inclinations and abillities Sir Your Most Obedient and Very Humble Servant
N W Jones
This comes by Mr. Ed: Telfair Member Assembly in the year 1768.3
Addressed: To / Benjamin Franklin Esqr. / Provincial Agent for / the Province of Georgia, / London / per favour of / Capt. T. Ash by way / Cows
8. Jones here inserted “arbitrary,” and then lightly deleted it.
9. The Governor had dissolved the Assembly in 1768 because it had insisted on discussing the letter from Massachusetts opposing the Townshend Acts. William W. Abbot, The Royal Governors of Georgia, 1745–1775 (Chapel Hill, ), pp. 148–9. In 1771 the House, after receiving a complaint that Thomas Shruder, the deputy surveyor general, was exacting twice the legal fees, had demanded that the deputy secretary, Thomas Moodie, be questioned on oath about the matter. Moodie had refused to take the oath, claiming that it was unprecedented; the House had branded his refusal a breach of privilege, and ordered him arrested for contempt. Candler, ed., Ga. Col. Recs., XV, 295–6.
1. The Governor’s other reason was the real one. On Feb. 20, 1771, the Assembly had refused to consider a tax bill until the four parishes were represented. The next day Wright received permission to issue writs for those parishes; he so informed the House, through Jones as speaker, and added that Whitehall had agreed to all its requests except a three-year limitation on the length of a session. He expected that this good news would induce the legislators to pass the needed tax bill, but they fastened on the point denied them as ground for renewing their refusal of funds. The Governor then dissolved the House. Ibid., pp. 153–5; for the development of the issue see Candler, op. cit., XV, 153, 155, 175, 183–4, 189, 202, 206–7, 298–9.
2. The bills were in payment for the mace and gowns that BF had purchased for the Commons House; see above, XVII, 242, 298. Thomas Hall was master of the Governor Wright.
3. Edward Telfair (c. 1735–1807) was a Scottish-born merchant, who had represented St. Paul’s Parish in 1768. He subsequently served in the Continental Congress. DAB.